Indonesia

Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

OBJECTIVES: In recent years, several clinical trials have assessed effects of distant healing. The basic question raised by these studies is whether a positive distant intention can be related to some outcome in a target person. There is a specific simple experimental setup that tests such a basic assumption. The task is to focus attention and to indicate unwanted mind wandering by a button press while at the same time a second remote person is either supporting this performance or not according to a randomized schedule.

Author(s): 
Schmidt, Stefan
Publication Title: 
Journal of Economic Entomology

The objective of this research was to evaluate artificial diets that can be used to successfully culture the atlas silk moth, Attacus atlas L. (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) indoors. Four plant species were evaluated as the basic component of each diet, barringtonia (Barringtonia asiatica), cheesewood (Nauclea orientalis), soursop (Annona muricata), and mahogany (Swietenia mahagoni). Evaluation of the nutritional value of each diet was determined by an analysis of the hemolymph proteins of sixth instars using the Folin-Ciocalteu assay.

Author(s): 
Sukirno, Sukirno
Situmorang, J.
Sumarmi, S.
Soesilohadi, R. C. Hidayat
Pratiwi, R.
Sukirno, Sukirno
Situmorang, J.
Sumarmi, S.
Soesilohadi, R. C. Hidayat
Pratiwi, R.
Publication Title: 
Social Science & Medicine (1982)

Karo Batak ceremonial curing practices in urban Indonesia take place in a disputed zone of acts and meanings, in which neither social nor cultural coherence can be presumed by the analyst.

Author(s): 
Steedly, M. M.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis

The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a spiritual-hypnosis assisted therapy (SHAT) for treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in children. All children, age 6-12 years (N=226; 52.7% females), who experienced the terrorist bomb blasts in Bali in 2002, and subsequently were diagnosed with PTSD were studied, through a longitudinal, quasi-experimental (pre-post test), single-blind, randomized control design. Of them, 48 received group SHAT (treatment group), and 178 did not receive any therapy (control group).

Author(s): 
Lesmana, C. B. J.
Suryani, L. K.
Jensen, G. D.
Tiliopoulos, Niko
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene

Combining artesunate with existing antimalarial drugs may improve cure rates, delay emergence of resistance, and reduce transmission. We performed a randomized comparative trial to quantify the effect of adding artesunate to sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine in the treatment of uncomplicated falciparum malaria in Indonesia.

Author(s): 
Tjitra, E.
Suprianto, S.
Currie, B. J.
Morris, P. S.
Saunders, J. R.
Anstey, N. M.
Publication Title: 
Malaria Journal

BACKGROUND: Chloroquine (CQ) or sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) monotherapy for Plasmodium falciparum often leads to therapeutic failure in Indonesia. Combining CQ with other drugs, like SP, may provide an affordable, available and effective option where artemisinin-combined therapies (ACT) are not licensed or are unavailable. METHODS: This study compared CQ (n = 29 subjects) versus CQ + SP (with or without primaquine; n = 88) for clinical and parasitological cure of uncomplicated falciparum malaria in the Menoreh Hills region of southern Central Java, Indonesia.

Author(s): 
Lederman, Edith R.
Maguire, Jason D.
Sumawinata, Iwa W.
Chand, Krisin
Elyazar, Iqbal
Estiana, Lusi
Sismadi, Priyanto
Bangs, Michael J.
Baird, J. Kevin
Publication Title: 
Lancet (London, England)

BACKGROUND: The burden of Plasmodium vivax infections has been underappreciated, especially in southeast Asia where chloroquine resistant strains have emerged. Our aim was to compare the safety and efficacy of dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine with that of artemether-lumefantrine in patients with uncomplicated malaria caused by multidrug-resistant P falciparum and P vivax. METHODS: 774 patients in southern Papua, Indonesia, with slide-confirmed malaria were randomly assigned to receive either artemether-lumefantrine or dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine and followed up for at least 42 days.

Author(s): 
Ratcliff, A.
Siswantoro, H.
Kenangalem, E.
Maristela, R.
Wuwung, R. M.
Laihad, F.
Ebsworth, E. P.
Anstey, N. M.
Tjitra, E.
Price, R. N.
Publication Title: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America

BACKGROUND: Antimalarial drug resistance is now well established in both Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax. In southern Papua, Indonesia, where both strains of plasmodia coexist, we have been conducting a series of studies to optimize treatment strategies. METHODS: We conducted a randomized trial that compared the efficacy and safety of dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine (DHP) with artesunate-amodiaquine (AAQ). The primary end point was the overall cumulative parasitological failure rate at day 42.

Author(s): 
Hasugian, A. R.
Purba, H. L. E.
Kenangalem, E.
Wuwung, R. M.
Ebsworth, E. P.
Maristela, R.
Penttinen, P. M. P.
Laihad, F.
Anstey, N. M.
Tjitra, E.
Price, R. N.
Publication Title: 
Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy

Dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine (DHP) is an important new treatment for drug-resistant malaria, although pharmacokinetic studies on the combination are limited. In Papua, Indonesia, we assessed determinants of the therapeutic efficacy of DHP for uncomplicated malaria. Plasma piperaquine concentrations were measured on day 7 and day 28, and the cumulative risk of parasitological failure at day 42 was calculated using survival analysis.

Author(s): 
Price, R. N.
Hasugian, A. R.
Ratcliff, A.
Siswantoro, H.
Purba, H. L. E.
Kenangalem, E.
Lindegardh, N.
Penttinen, P.
Laihad, F.
Ebsworth, E. P.
Anstey, N. M.
Tjitra, E.
Publication Title: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America

BACKGROUND: Plasmodium falciparum infection exerts a considerable burden on pregnant women, but less is known about the adverse consequences of Plasmodium vivax infection. METHODS: In Papua, Indonesia, where multiple drug resistance to both species has emerged, we conducted a cross-sectional hospital-based study to quantify the risks and consequences of maternal malaria. RESULTS: From April 2004 through December 2006, 3046 pregnant women were enrolled in the study.

Author(s): 
Poespoprodjo, Jeanne Rini
Fobia, Wendy
Kenangalem, Enny
Lampah, Daniel A.
Warikar, Noah
Seal, Andrew
McGready, Rose
Sugiarto, Paulus
Tjitra, Emiliana
Anstey, Nicholas M.
Price, Ric N.

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