Infant Mortality

Publication Title: 
South African Medical Journal = Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde

Compared with our ancestor's diet, that consumed by present-day Western populations is higher in intake of energy, of protein (especially animal protein) and of fat (especially animal fat), but lower in intake of fibre-containing cereal foods; this diet is associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality from degenerative diseases.

Author(s): 
Walker, A. R.
Publication Title: 
European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology

CONDENSATION: In the Netherlands, regional variations in trends in infant mortality due to perinatal conditions (1984-1994) exist, which could not be explained by health care characteristics (i.e., place or supervision of delivery and the presence of specialised neonatal care). The only sociodemographic factor that showed a consistent correlation with mortality was the percentage of Roman Catholic inhabitants of a region. OBJECTIVE: To describe and explain regional variations in trends in infant mortality due to perinatal conditions.

Author(s): 
Treurniet, H. F.
Looman, C. W.
van der Maas, P. J.
Mackenbach, J. P.
Publication Title: 
Family & Community Health

Access to health care has been a factor for patients living in isolated mountain regions. The Frontier Nursing service was a pioneer in reaching those patients living in the most remote regions of Appalachia. Geography, demographics, and culture present obstacles for rural residents and health care providers. This article identifies and describes the roles nurses and nurse practitioners played in caring for Appalachian families through a roving Health Wagon in the 1980s and 1990s in Southwest Virginia.

Author(s): 
Snyder, Audrey
Thatcher, Esther
Publication Title: 
Lancet (London, England)

BACKGROUND: Many important social determinants of health are also the focus for social policies. Welfare states contribute to the resources available for their citizens through cash transfer programmes and subsidised services. Although all rich nations have welfare programmes, there are clear cross-national differences with respect to their design and generosity. These differences are evident in national variations in poverty rates, especially among children and elderly people.

Author(s): 
Lundberg, Olle
Yngwe, Monica Aberg
Stj‰rne, Maria KˆlegÂrd
Elstad, Jon Ivar
Ferrarini, Tommy
Kangas, Olli
Norstrˆm, Thor
Palme, Joakim
Fritzell, Johan
NEWS Nordic Expert Group
Publication Title: 
American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Author(s): 
Gross, H. N.
Posner, N. A.
Publication Title: 
Vaccine & Immunization News: The Newsletter of the Global Programme for Vaccines and Immunization
Author(s): 
World Health Organization WHO. Expanded Programme on Immunization EPI
Publication Title: 
American Journal of Public Health

OBJECTIVES: We hypothesized that if prenatal caloric restriction due to nutritional deprivation had affected development of the organs responsible for producing and regulating female reproductive hormones, a woman's fertility would be impaired. METHODS: Women born in Amsterdam from August 1, 1944, through April 15, 1946, a period encompassing a severe 5-month famine, were identified (n = 700; 85% response rate). Date of birth and vital status of all offspring were ascertained by home interview between 1987 and 1991. Famine exposure was inferred from the mother's date of birth.

Author(s): 
Lumey, L. H.
Stein, A. D.
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