Infection

Publication Title: 
Bioengineered Bugs

That commensal bacteria play an important role in human health is beyond doubt, and it is now widely accepted that humans function as super organisms, whose collective metabolic potential exceeds the sum of our individual eukaryotic and prokaryotic components. However, while it is has been established that the prokaryotic component of the human superorganism is amenable to manipulation by chemotherapeutic, dietary or microbial interventions, the significance of such alterations in terms of human health or well being is less well established.

Author(s): 
Hill, Colin
Publication Title: 
Homeopathy: The Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy

BACKGROUND: The 'hygiene hypothesis' has been used to justify a belief common among homeopaths, that the suppression of childhood infections and immunisation may lead to the development of chronic atopic diseases. OBJECTIVES: To analyse the influence of childhood infections and immunisation on the development of atopy. METHODS: Qualitative systematic review of direct epidemiological evidence (Medline 1993-2004) concerning the influence of childhood infections and immunisation on the development of atopy and discussion based on homeopathy.

Author(s): 
Adler, U. C.
Publication Title: 
Bioengineered Bugs

That commensal bacteria play an important role in human health is beyond doubt, and it is now widely accepted that humans function as super organisms, whose collective metabolic potential exceeds the sum of our individual eukaryotic and prokaryotic components. However, while it is has been established that the prokaryotic component of the human superorganism is amenable to manipulation by chemotherapeutic, dietary or microbial interventions, the significance of such alterations in terms of human health or well being is less well established.

Author(s): 
Hill, Colin
Publication Title: 
Pain

Acupuncture is commonly used for pain control, but doubts about its effectiveness and safety remain. This review was aimed at critically evaluating systematic reviews of acupuncture as a treatment of pain and at summarizing reports of serious adverse effects published since 2000. Literature searches were carried out in 11 databases without language restrictions. Systematic reviews were considered for the evaluation of effectiveness and case series or case reports for summarizing adverse events. Data were extracted according to predefined criteria.

Author(s): 
Ernst, E.
Lee, Myeong Soo
Choi, Tae-Young
Publication Title: 
Diabetic Medicine: A Journal of the British Diabetic Association

BACKGROUND: Foot ulcers in diabetes are associated with increased mortality, illness and reduced quality of life. Ulcer infection impairs healing and antimicrobial interventions may cure infection, aid healing and reduce amputation rates. OBJECTIVES: To systematically review the evidence for antimicrobial interventions for foot ulcers in diabetes. METHODS: We searched 16 databases, 11 Internet sites, three books, conference proceedings, a journal and bibliographies in November 2002. We included randomized controlled trials (RCTs) or controlled clinical trials (CCTs).

Author(s): 
Nelson, E. A.
O'Meara, S.
Golder, S.
Dalton, J.
Craig, D.
Iglesias, C.
DASIDU Steering Group
Publication Title: 
Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry

In 1995, the macrophage-T lymphocyte theory of schizophrenia (Smith and Maes, 1995) considered that activated immuno-inflammatory pathways may account for the higher neurodevelopmental pathology linked with gestational infections through the detrimental effects of activated microglia, oxidative and nitrosative stress (O&NS), cytokine-induced activation of the tryptophan catabolite (TRYCAT) pathway and consequent modulation of the N-methyl d-aspartate receptor (NMDAr) and glutamate production.

Author(s): 
Anderson, George
Maes, Michael
Publication Title: 
Developmental Dynamics: An Official Publication of the American Association of Anatomists

BACKGROUND: A substantial body of experimental and epidemiological evidence has been accumulated suggesting that stressful events in early life including acute perinatal stress, maternal deprivation or separation, and variation in maternal care may lead to neuroendocrine perturbations thereby affecting reproductive performance, cognitive functions, and stress responses as well as the risk for infectious, cardio-metabolic and psychiatric diseases in later life.

Author(s): 
Vaiserman, A. M.
Publication Title: 
Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews

Mounting evidence indicates that schizophrenia is associated with adverse intrauterine experiences. An adverse or suboptimal fetal environment can cause irreversible changes in brain that can subsequently exert long-lasting effects through resetting a diverse array of biological systems including endocrine, immune and nervous. It is evident from animal and imaging studies that subtle variations in the intrauterine environment can cause recognizable differences in brain structure and cognitive functions in the offspring.

Author(s): 
Debnath, Monojit
Venkatasubramanian, Ganesan
Berk, Michael
Publication Title: 
Conscience (Washington, D.C.)
Author(s): 
Pendergast, M.
Publication Title: 
TheScientificWorldJournal

Touching is often a forgotten part of medicine. The manual medicine or therapeutic touch (TT) is much more powerful than many modern, biomedically oriented physicians think. Pain and discomfort can be alleviated just by touching the sick area and in this way help the patient to be in better contact with the tissue and organs of their body. Lack of presence in the body seems to be connected with many symptoms that can be readily reversed simply by sensitive touch.

Author(s): 
Ventegodt, S¯ren
Morad, Mohammed
Merrick, Joav

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