Inflammatory Bowel Diseases

Publication Title: 
Journal of Crohn's & Colitis

OBJECTIVE: We performed a systematic review for Complementary and Alternative Medicine [CAM] as defined by the National Institute of Health in Inflammatory Bowel Disease [IBD], ie Crohn's disease [CD] and ulcerative colitis [UC], with the exception of dietary and nutritional supplements, and manipulative therapies. METHODS: A computerized search of databases [Cochrane Library, Pubmed/Medline, PsychINFO, and Scopus] through March 2014 was performed. We screened the reference sections of original studies and systematic reviews in English language for CAM in IBD, CD and UC.

Author(s): 
Langhorst, J.
Wulfert, H.
Lauche, R.
Klose, P.
Cramer, H.
Dobos, G. J.
Korzenik, J.
Publication Title: 
Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine

OBJECTIVE: To assess the evidence of the use and efficacy for complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). METHODS: A systematic literature search in MEDLINE was performed for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. Moreover, a selective literature search for health services research studies on the use of CAM in patients with IBD was performed. RESULTS: Health services research studies showed a high use of CAM in adult and pediatric patients with IBD worldwide.

Author(s): 
Joos, Stefanie
Publication Title: 
World Journal of Gastroenterology

The purpose of this work was to assess the evidence for effectiveness of acupuncture (AC) treatment in gastrointestinal diseases. A systematic review of the Medline-cited literature for clinical trials was performed up to May 2006. Controlled trials assessing acupuncture point stimulation for patients with gastrointestinal diseases were considered for inclusion. The search identified 18 relevant trials meeting the inclusion criteria. Two irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) trials, 1 Crohn's disease and 1 colitis ulcerosa trial had a robust random controlled trial (RCT) design.

Author(s): 
Schneider, Antonius
Streitberger, Konrad
Joos, Stefanie
Publication Title: 
Journal of Crohn's & Colitis

OBJECTIVE: We performed a systematic review for Complementary and Alternative Medicine [CAM] as defined by the National Institute of Health in Inflammatory Bowel Disease [IBD], ie Crohn's disease [CD] and ulcerative colitis [UC], with the exception of dietary and nutritional supplements, and manipulative therapies. METHODS: A computerized search of databases [Cochrane Library, Pubmed/Medline, PsychINFO, and Scopus] through March 2014 was performed. We screened the reference sections of original studies and systematic reviews in English language for CAM in IBD, CD and UC.

Author(s): 
Langhorst, J.
Wulfert, H.
Lauche, R.
Klose, P.
Cramer, H.
Dobos, G. J.
Korzenik, J.
Publication Title: 
Nutrition Journal

Historically, in the 1950s, the chemist Linus Pauling established a relationship between decreased longevity and obesity. At this time, with the advent of studies involving the mechanisms that modulate appetite control, some researchers observed that the hypothalamus is the "appetite centre" and that peripheral tissues have important roles in the modulation of gut inflammatory processes and levels of hormones that control food intake.

Author(s): 
Pimentel, Gustavo D.
Micheletti, Thayana O.
Pace, Fernanda
Rosa, JosÈ C.
Santos, Ronaldo V. T.
Lira, Fabio S.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Crohn's & Colitis

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) are heterogeneous disorders with complex aetiology. Quantitative genetic studies suggest that only a small proportion of the disease variance observed in IBD is accounted for by genetic variation, indicating a potential role for differential epigenetic regulation in disease aetiology. The aim of this study was to assess genome-wide DNA methylation changes specifically associated with ulcerative colitis (UC), Crohn's disease (CD) and IBD activity.

Author(s): 
McDermott, Edel
Ryan, Elizabeth J.
Tosetto, Miriam
Gibson, David
Burrage, Joe
Keegan, Denise
Byrne, Kathryn
Crowe, Eimear
Sexton, Gillian
Malone, Kevin
Harris, R. Alan
Kellermayer, Richard
Mill, Jonathan
Cullen, Garret
Doherty, Glen A.
Mulcahy, Hugh
Murphy, Therese M.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic, debilitating disorder occurring in young patients in the most productive period of their lives. Little is known about the effect on the developmental trajectory of adolescents growing up with IBD. The purpose of this study was to assess the psychosocial developmental trajectory ("course of life") and sociodemographic outcomes in adolescents with IBD compared with peers from the general population.

Author(s): 
Hummel, Thalia Z.
Tak, Eline
Maurice-Stam, Heleen
Benninga, Marc A.
Kindermann, Angelika
Grootenhuis, Martha A.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Gastroenterology

BACKGROUND: Although psychiatric disturbances and personality features are possibly involved in inflammatory bowel disease, little attention has been given to the potential role of defense mechanisms in the formation, course, or prognosis of the disease. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether certain defense styles and ego mechanisms of defense are associated with inflammatory bowel disease, including both ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. METHODS: Seventy-six consecutive unselected outpatients participated in the study.

Author(s): 
Hyphantis, Thomas N.
Triantafillidis, John K.
Pappa, Sofia
Mantas, Christos
Kaltsouda, Anna
Cherakakis, Peter
Alamanos, Yannis
Manousos, Orestis N.
Mavreas, Venetsanos G.
Publication Title: 
Seminars in Gastrointestinal Disease

At present, the medical management of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) including Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, are focused on topical, locally active antiinflammatories and systemic immunosuppressives, which are thought to exert their targeted effects in the gastrointestinal mucosa. There is a paucity of controlled trials assessing the impact of mind, central nervous system (CNS), and neuromodulation on the overly active immune response in the intestinal mucosa.

Author(s): 
Anton, P. A.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis

This paper takes the perspective that physical and behavioral symptoms can be viewed as a form of mind-body communication. If the symptoms are listened to and "given voice," they can point the way to addressing imbalances influencing the development of the symptoms or to examining factors that can empower clients to heal. The author contends that women's traditional gender socialization may play a role in developing symptomatic bodily expression. It is proposed that hypnosis provides a suitable method for hearing and translating the mind-body communication.

Author(s): 
Hornyak, L. M.

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