Influenza, Human

Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Influenza is an infectious virus affecting both humans and animals. In humans, symptoms present as fever, cough, sore throat, runny nose, headache, muscle and joint pain, and malaise. The epidemiological profile of influenza is influenced by multiple factors, including transmissibility of the virus and the susceptibility of the population. Annually, influenza is estimated to infect 5% to 10% of adults, with higher rates in winter seasons in countries with seasonal variation.

Author(s): 
Grande, Antonio Jose
Reid, Hamish
Thomas, Emma E.
Nunan, David
Foster, Charles
Publication Title: 
Respiratory Medicine

BACKGROUND: Many options are available for preventing people from getting infected by influenza virus, with vaccination being the most widely used. METHODS: We assessed the evidence available in Cochrane systematic reviews. We found nine reviews, five of them addressing influenza vaccination, and four addressing medication. RESULTS: Vaccination is effective in healthy adults and children, but the effect is modest in adults, and for young children few data are available.

Author(s): 
van der Wouden, J. C.
Bueving, H. J.
Poole, P.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Influenza is a highly infectious viral disease that is particularly common in the winter months. Conventional management options are limited to bed rest and treatment of complications such as secondary bacterial infections. Oscillococcinum is a patented, commercially available homoeopathic medicine. The rationale for its use in influenza comes from the homoeopathic principle of 'let like be cured by like'. The medicine is manufactured from wild duck heart and liver, a well-known reservoir for influenza viruses.

Author(s): 
Vickers, A. J.
Smith, C.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Influenza is a highly infectious viral disease that is particularly common in the winter months. Oscillococcinum is a patented, commercially available homoeopathic medicine. The rationale for its use in influenza comes from the homoeopathic principle of 'let like be cured by like'. The medicine is manufactured from wild duck heart and liver, which are said to be reservoirs for influenza viruses.

Author(s): 
Vickers, A. J.
Smith, C.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Influenza is a highly infectious viral disease that is particularly common in the winter months. Oscillococcinum is a patented, commercially available homoeopathic medicine. The rationale for its use in influenza comes from the homoeopathic principle of 'let like be cured by like'. This medicine is manufactured from wild duck heart and liver, which are said to be reservoirs for influenza viruses.

Author(s): 
Vickers, A. J.
Smith, C.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Influenza is a highly infectious viral disease that is particularly common in the winter months. Oscillococcinum is a patented, commercially available homoeopathic medicine. The rationale for its use in influenza comes from the homoeopathic principle of 'let like be cured by like'. This medicine is manufactured from wild duck heart and liver, which are said to be reservoirs for influenza viruses.

Author(s): 
Vickers, Andrew
Smith, Claire
Publication Title: 
Journal of Medical Internet Research

BACKGROUND: As the incidence of H1N1 increases, the lay public may turn to the Internet for information about natural supplements for prevention and treatment. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to identify and characterize websites that provide information about herbal and natural supplements with information about H1N1 and to examine trends in the public's behavior in searching for information about supplement use in preventing or treating H1N1.

Author(s): 
Hill, Shawndra
Mao, Jun
Ungar, Lyle
Hennessy, Sean
Leonard, Charles E.
Holmes, John
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Influenza is a highly infectious viral disease that is particularly common in the winter months. Oscillococcinum® is a patented homeopathic medicine that is made from a 1% solution of wild duck heart and liver extract, which is then serially diluted 200 times with water and alcohol. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether homeopathic Oscillococcinum® is more effective than placebo in the prevention and/or treatment of influenza and influenza-like illness in adults or children.

Author(s): 
Mathie, Robert T.
Frye, Joyce
Fisher, Peter
Publication Title: 
Annali dell'Istituto Superiore Di Sanita

The use of a complementary medicine approach, and specifically of the popular medicine Oscillococcinum, for the treatment of influenza-like syndromes remains controversial. This brief paper analyses the currently available literature on this homeopathic preparation and the Cochrane Collaboration's 2006 systematic review, along with other recent studies, in order to clarify certain fundamental aspects of its use in the treatment of influenza.

Author(s): 
Marrari, Luigi Alberto
Terzan, Laurence
Chaufferin, Gilles
Publication Title: 
The Medical Journal of Australia

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the evidence for and against the effectiveness of homeopathy. DATA SOURCES: The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (generally considered to be the most reliable source of evidence) was searched in January 2010. STUDY SELECTION: Cochrane reviews with the term "homeopathy" in the title, abstract or keywords were considered. Protocols of reviews were excluded. Six articles met the inclusion criteria.

Author(s): 
Ernst, Edzard

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