Influenza Vaccines

Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Influenza is an infectious virus affecting both humans and animals. In humans, symptoms present as fever, cough, sore throat, runny nose, headache, muscle and joint pain, and malaise. The epidemiological profile of influenza is influenced by multiple factors, including transmissibility of the virus and the susceptibility of the population. Annually, influenza is estimated to infect 5% to 10% of adults, with higher rates in winter seasons in countries with seasonal variation.

Author(s): 
Grande, Antonio Jose
Reid, Hamish
Thomas, Emma E.
Nunan, David
Foster, Charles
Publication Title: 
Respiratory Medicine

BACKGROUND: Many options are available for preventing people from getting infected by influenza virus, with vaccination being the most widely used. METHODS: We assessed the evidence available in Cochrane systematic reviews. We found nine reviews, five of them addressing influenza vaccination, and four addressing medication. RESULTS: Vaccination is effective in healthy adults and children, but the effect is modest in adults, and for young children few data are available.

Author(s): 
van der Wouden, J. C.
Bueving, H. J.
Poole, P.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Influenza is a highly infectious viral disease that is particularly common in the winter months. Oscillococcinum is a patented, commercially available homoeopathic medicine. The rationale for its use in influenza comes from the homoeopathic principle of 'let like be cured by like'. This medicine is manufactured from wild duck heart and liver, which are said to be reservoirs for influenza viruses.

Author(s): 
Vickers, A. J.
Smith, C.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Influenza is a highly infectious viral disease that is particularly common in the winter months. Oscillococcinum is a patented, commercially available homoeopathic medicine. The rationale for its use in influenza comes from the homoeopathic principle of 'let like be cured by like'. This medicine is manufactured from wild duck heart and liver, which are said to be reservoirs for influenza viruses.

Author(s): 
Vickers, Andrew
Smith, Claire
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Influenza is a highly infectious viral disease that is particularly common in the winter months. Oscillococcinum® is a patented homeopathic medicine that is made from a 1% solution of wild duck heart and liver extract, which is then serially diluted 200 times with water and alcohol. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether homeopathic Oscillococcinum® is more effective than placebo in the prevention and/or treatment of influenza and influenza-like illness in adults or children.

Author(s): 
Mathie, Robert T.
Frye, Joyce
Fisher, Peter
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Influenza is a highly infectious viral disease that is particularly common in the winter months. Oscillococcinum(®) is a patented homeopathic medicine that is made from a 1% solution of wild duck heart and liver extract, which is then serially diluted 200 times with water and alcohol. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether homeopathic Oscillococcinum(®) is more effective than placebo in the prevention and/or treatment of influenza and influenza-like illness in adults or children.

Author(s): 
Mathie, Robert T.
Frye, Joyce
Fisher, Peter
Publication Title: 
Revue Medicale Suisse

This manuscript reviews the main vaccine safety concerns that have limited the confidence of the population vis-a-vis influenza A(H1N1) vaccines and disturbed health professionals: A hasty development process? Excessively strong adjuvants? Notoriously toxic substances such as squalene and mercury salts? High risks of Guillain-Barre syndrome or auto-immune diseases? Deaths and other severe problems following immunization?

Author(s): 
Siegrist, Claire-Anne
Publication Title: 
Health Economics

This paper presents results on the valuation of health risks in the presence of altruism. The contingent valuation method is utilised in a split sample experiment for estimating the private and public values in reducing the risk of flu. Data modelling for the dichotomous choice method follows a Bayesian approach, which accounts for zero responses and is adequate for the comparison of small sample results.

Author(s): 
AraÒa, Jorge E.
LeÛn, Carmelo J.
Publication Title: 
Human Vaccines

OBJECTIVES: To inform strategies for vaccinating elderly veterans, the objectives were to determine the proportion of veterans > or =65 years old vaccinated against influenza during the 2004-05 vaccine-shortage, the place they received vaccine, the reasons why they were/were not vaccinated and their attitudes to the shortage. RESULTS: Among 682 respondents, 87% were vaccinated during 2004-05. More participants received vaccine at the Veterans' Administration hospital than previously (67% vs. 57%, p < 0.0001).

Author(s): 
Benin, Andrea L.
Learsy-Cahill, Dawn
Das, Rita
Kancir, Sue
Welch, Barbara
Martinello, Richard A.
Publication Title: 
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The French institute for study of geriatric infection risk (ORIG) has run a multiphase multicenter study (VESTA) to develop and implement active programs promoting healthcare worker (HCW) influenza vaccination. The present article reports results after implementation of the first active program. METHOD: A cluster-randomized controlled trial was conducted from December 1 to December 15, 2005, and a total of 43 geriatric wards (3646 HCWs) were randomly assigned to two clusters.

Author(s): 
Rothan-Tondeur, Monique
Filali-Zegzouti, YounËs
Belmin, JoÎl
Lejeune, Benoist
Golmard, Jean-Louis
de WaziËres, BenoÓt
Carrat, Fabrice
Piette, FranÁois
Mouala, Christian
Gavazzi, GaÎtan
ORIG association

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