Informed Consent

Publication Title: 
Klinische Monatsblatter Fur Augenheilkunde

Traumatic changes in the iridocorneal angle, e.g. in ball sports, can lead to secondary glaucoma. High intensity resistance exercise or yoga exercises - such as the headstand - can increase IOP, and deterioration in the visual field and acute narrow angle glaucoma attacks have been described in some case reports. Glaucoma therapy of professional athletes with steroids, carbonic anhydrase inhibitors and beta-blockers can result in positive doping tests.

Author(s): 
Rüfer, F.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Informed consent is a critical component of clinical research. Different methods of presenting information to potential participants of clinical trials may improve the informed consent process. Audio-visual interventions (presented, for example, on the Internet or on DVD) are one such method. We updated a 2008 review of the effects of these interventions for informed consent for trial participation.

Author(s): 
Synnot, Anneliese
Ryan, Rebecca
Prictor, Megan
Fetherstonhaugh, Deirdre
Parker, Barbara
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association

In this article, we have identified some of the ethical considerations related to evidence-based practice and surrounding issues as they bear on occupational therapy and rehabilitation. We acknowledge that practitioners are professionally and morally obligated to ensure that their decisions are informed and reflect best practices. Further, we recognize the value of encouraging practitioners to assume responsibility for searching and appraising available evidence so that informed options can be shared with patients. Table 1 summarizes the ethical considerations in evidence-based practice.

Author(s): 
Christiansen, C.
Lou, J. Q.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

OBJECTIVES: We sought to investigate whether, and if so, how published sham-controlled trials of acupuncture report on the information given to patients about true and sham interventions. We asked acupuncture therapists to provide original patient information leaflets in order to study how interventions were described in more detail.

Author(s): 
Linde, Klaus
Dincer, Figen
Publication Title: 
The American journal of bioethics: AJOB

Physicians commonly recommend 'placebo treatments', which are not believed to have specific efficacy for the patient's condition. Motivations for placebo treatments include complying with patient expectations and promoting a placebo effect. In this article, we focus on two key empirical questions that must be addressed in order to assess the ethical legitimacy of placebo treatments in clinical practice: 1) do placebo treatments have the potential to produce clinically significant benefit?

Author(s): 
Miller, Franklin G.
Colloca, Luana
Publication Title: 
Pediatrics

Although research on complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies is still limited, systematic reviews have revealed sufficient evidence to conclude that CAM can be effective for certain conditions. In this article we discuss clinicians' responsibilities to inform parents/patients about CAM alternatives and use the example of acupuncture for chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting. Chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting remain significant adverse effects of cancer therapy, and some patients cannot find relief with standard therapies.

Author(s): 
Gilmour, Joan
Harrison, Christine
Asadi, Leyla
Cohen, Michael H.
Vohra, Sunita
Publication Title: 
Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy

Many opinions and ideas about aging exist. Biological theories have taken hold of the popular and scientific imagination as potential answers to a "cure" for aging. However, it is not clear what exactly is being cured or whether aging could be classified as a disease. Some scientists are convinced that aging will be biologically alterable and that the human lifespan will be vastly extendable.

Author(s): 
Marshall, Jennifer
Publication Title: 
Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal

Religious discussion of human organs and tissues has concentrated largely on donation for therapeutic purposes. The retrieval and use of human tissue samples in diagnostic, research, and education contexts have, by contrast, received very little direct theological attention. Initially undertaken at the behest of the National Bioethics Advisory Commission, this essay seeks to explore the theological and religious questions embedded in nontherapeutic use of human tissue.

Author(s): 
Campbell, Courtney S.
Publication Title: 
University of Pittsburgh Law Review. University of Pittsburgh. School of Law

Oregon's Death with Dignity Act was first passed by a ballot initiative in 1994, but numerous judicial challenges delayed implementation of the Act. In November of 1997, following the United States Supreme Court decisions in Vacco v. Quill and Washington v. Glucksberg, which left the states' power to regulate physician-assisted suicide undisturbed, the Oregon voters upheld their law. Oregon remains the only state in the nation to authorize physician-assisted suicide.

Author(s): 
O'Brien, C. N.
Madek, G. A.
Ferrera, G. R.
Publication Title: 
Policy, Politics & Nursing Practice

A bill was introduced into the Tennessee legislature in the 2005 session that would require emergency departments to offer and dispense emergency contraception to sexual assault survivors who are at risk of pregnancy. Several advocacy groups collaborated to form the Women's Health Safety Network for the purpose of communicating as one voice. The advocacy coalition framework of policy development is applied to the political system and is used as a model to discuss issues impacting policy development for this particular bill.

Author(s): 
Schorn, Mavis N.

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