BACKGROUND: Transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) is an established treatment in managing liver primary neoplasms or liver metastases. Postembolization syndrome (PES) is a common adverse event defined as fever without associated sepsis, pain in the right upper quadrant, and nausea and/or vomiting. OBJECTIVE: This integrative review aims to identify effective management strategies for PES or one of its characterizing symptoms (fever, pain, and nausea and/or vomiting). METHODS: Searches of electronic databases MEDLINE, EMBASE, and CINAHL were conducted.
Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology = Albrecht Von Graefes Archiv Für Klinische Und Experimentelle Ophthalmologie
BACKGROUND: The natural course of central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) often leads to legal blindness in the affected eye. To date, none of the conservative therapies had proven effective in retrospective studies. In 1991, a new minimally invasive therapy was started in patients with an acute CRAO. This therapy, namely, local intra-arterial fibrinolysis, is comparable to the minimally invasive therapy in patients with an acute ischemic stroke. In pilot studies, it showed promising results in comparison with conservative treatments.
HPB surgery: a world journal of hepatic, pancreatic and biliary surgery
Norcantharidin is the demethylated form of Cantharidin, which is the active ingredient of the blister beetle, Mylabris, a long used Chinese traditional medicine. Though not well publicized outside China, Norcantharidin is known to possess significant anti-hepatoma activity, and is relatively free from side effects. In the present study, glucose oxidation in tumour and liver tissue slices harvested from hepatoma-bearing animals was quantified by measuring the radioactivity of 14C-labelled CO2 released from 14C-glucose in oxygen-enriched incubation medium.
Hepatobiliary & pancreatic diseases international: HBPD INT
BACKGROUND: Although resection is the major treatment for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the high intrahepatic recurrence remains a cardinal cause of death. This study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy on the survival and recurrence of HCC patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV) cirrhosis after resection. METHODS: Twenty-eight patients who had undergone placement of a hepatic arterial pump at the time of liver wedge resection for HCC from 1998 through 2004 were reviewed retrospectively.
Image-guided intraarterial therapies play an important role in the treatment of patients with hepatic malignancies. These therapies provide the dual benefit of reduced systemic toxicity and effective local tumor control. As a result, procedures such as transarterial chemoembolization have been included in the official treatment guidelines for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and are fully accepted for the treatment of patients with intermediate stage disease.