Insecticide-Treated Bednets

Publication Title: 
East African Medical Journal

OBJECTIVE: To determine factors influencing the use of Insecticide Treated Nets (ITN) in the prevention of Malaria to children under five years. DESIGN: A descriptive cross-sectional study. SETTING: Kiambu District, Central Province of Kenya. RESULTS: One hundred and thirty nine (50.7%) attained primary education. Two hundred and seventy two (99.3%) were of Christian faith. One hundred and sixty four (59.8%) didn't have formal employment. Two hundred and fourty three (88.7%) were married. One hundred forty two (51.8%) were house wives. Two hundred and fourty seven (65.0%) used ITNs.

Author(s): 
Mudenyo, M. O.
Nobuyuki, H.
Publication Title: 
Malaria Journal

BACKGROUND: In 2005, a nationwide survey estimated that 6.5% of households in Ethiopia owned an insecticide-treated net (ITN), 17% of households had been sprayed with insecticide, and 4% of children under five years of age with a fever were taking an anti-malarial drug.

Author(s): 
Jima, Daddi
Getachew, Asefaw
Bilak, Hana
Steketee, Richard W.
Emerson, Paul M.
Graves, Patricia M.
Gebre, Teshome
Reithinger, Richard
Hwang, Jimee
Ethiopia Malaria Indicator Survey Working Group
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene

Many countries in Africa, including Sierra Leone, have adopted artemisinin-based combination therapy as first-line therapy for treatment of patients with malaria. Because laboratory testing is often unavailable in rural areas, the cost-benefit and viability of this approach may depend on accurately diagnosing malaria by using clinical criteria. We assessed the accuracy of syndromic diagnosis for malaria in three peripheral health units in rural Sierra Leone and determined factors that were associated with an accurate malaria diagnosis.

Author(s): 
Nnedu, Obinna N.
Rimel, Bryan
Terry, Carey
Jalloh-Vos, Heidi
Baryon, Brima
Bausch, Daniel G.
Publication Title: 
Malaria Journal

BACKGROUND: Plasmodium falciparum is the major cause of malaria infection in the island of São Tomé, in the Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe (STP), with an incidence of 40 - 50% before 2004. Since 2004, through the coordination of the Ministry of Health of STP and their Centro Nacional de Endemias (CNE), an integrated malaria control programme has been intensively deployed on the island of São Tomé. Malaria morbidity and mortality decreased by 95% after three years of effective intervention.

Author(s): 
Lee, Pei-Wen
Liu, Chia-Tai
do Rosario, Virgilio E.
de Sousa, Bruno
Rampao, Herodes Sacramento
Shaio, Men-Fang
Publication Title: 
Acta Tropica

The Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS), comprised of six countries including Cambodia, China's Yunnan Province, Lao PDR, Myanmar (Burma), Thailand and Vietnam, is one of the most threatening foci of malaria. Since the initiation of the WHO's Mekong Malaria Program a decade ago, malaria situation in the GMS has greatly improved, reflected in the continuous decline in annual malaria incidence and deaths. However, as many nations are moving towards malaria elimination, the GMS nations still face great challenges.

Author(s): 
Cui, Liwang
Yan, Guiyun
Sattabongkot, Jetsumon
Cao, Yaming
Chen, Bin
Chen, Xiaoguang
Fan, Qi
Fang, Qiang
Jongwutiwes, Somchai
Parker, Daniel
Sirichaisinthop, Jeeraphat
Kyaw, Myat Phone
Su, Xin-Zhuan
Yang, Henglin
Yang, Zhaoqing
Wang, Baomin
Xu, Jianwei
Zheng, Bin
Zhong, Daibin
Zhou, Guofa
Publication Title: 
Acta Tropica

Malaria remains one of the leading health problems of the developing world, and Uganda bears a particularly large burden from the disease. Our understanding is limited by a lack of reliable data, but it is clear that the prevalence of malaria infection, incidence of disease, and mortality from severe malaria all remain very high.

Author(s): 
Yeka, Adoke
Gasasira, Anne
Mpimbaza, Arthur
Achan, Jane
Nankabirwa, Joaniter
Nsobya, Sam
Staedke, Sarah G.
Donnelly, Martin J.
Wabwire-Mangen, Fred
Talisuna, Ambrose
Dorsey, Grant
Kamya, Moses R.
Rosenthal, Philip J.
Publication Title: 
MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report

In 2009, malaria, a disease transmitted by the bite of an infective Anopheles mosquito, caused an estimated 225 million clinical cases and 781,000 deaths worldwide, of which more than 90% occurred in children aged <5 years in Africa. Approximately half of the world's population, or 3 billion persons, are at risk for acquiring the illness. Malaria is transmitted most intensely in central and western Africa, where in some areas >40% of children aged <10 years are infected and residents can be bitten by more than one infective mosquito every day of the year.

Author(s): 
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Publication Title: 
Malaria Journal

BACKGROUND: Roll Back Malaria (RBM) interventions such as insecticide-treated mosquito nets (ITN) and artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) have become implemented with different velocities in the endemic countries of sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) in recent years. There is conflicting evidence on how much can be achieved under real life conditions with the current interventions in the highly endemic savannah areas of SSA. METHODS: The study took place in a rural area of north-western Burkina Faso, which was defined as holoendemic in 1999.

Author(s): 
Beiersmann, Claudia
Bountogo, Mamadou
Tiendrébeogo, Justin
De Allegri, Manuela
Louis, Valérie R.
Coulibaly, Boubacar
Yé, Maurice
Mueller, Olaf
Publication Title: 
Acta Tropica

The study sites for the West African ICEMR are in three countries (The Gambia, Senegal, Mali) and are located within 750 km of each other. In addition, the National Malaria Control Programmes of these countries have virtually identical policies: (1) Artemisinin Combination Therapies (ACTs) for the treatment of symptomatic Plasmodium falciparum infection, (2) Long-Lasting Insecticide-treated bed Nets (LLINs) to reduce the Entomololgic Inoculation Rate (EIR), and (3) sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine for the Intermittent Preventive Treatment of malaria during pregnancy (IPTp).

Author(s): 
Ceesay, Serign J.
Bojang, Kalifa A.
Nwakanma, Davis
Conway, David J.
Koita, Ousmane A.
Doumbia, Seydou O.
Ndiaye, Daouda
Coulibaly, Tinzana F.
Diakite, Mahamadou
Traoré, Sekou F.
Coulibaly, Mamadou
Ndiaye, Jean-Louis
Sarr, Ousmane
Gaye, Oumar
Konaté, Lassana
Sy, Ngayo
Faye, Babacar
Faye, Ousmane
Sogoba, Nafomon
Jawara, Musa
Dao, Adama
Poudiougou, Belco
Diawara, Sory
Okebe, Joseph
Sangaré, Lansana
Abubakar, Ismaela
Sissako, Aliou
Diarra, Ayouba
Keita, Moussa
Kandeh, Balla
Long, Carole A.
Fairhurst, Rick M.
Duraisingh, Manoj
Perry, Robert
Muskavitch, Marc A. T.
Valim, Clarissa
Volkman, Sarah K.
Wirth, Dyann F.
Krogstad, Donald J.
Publication Title: 
Malaria Journal

BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to implement a rapid assessment of the performance of four malaria control strategies (indoor spraying, insecticide-treated bed nets, timely diagnosis, and artemisinin-based combination therapy) using adequacy criteria. The assessment was carried out in five countries of the Amazon subregion (Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, and Peru).

Author(s): 
Flores, Walter
Chang, Jaime
Barillas, Edgar

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