Institutionalization

Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

BACKGROUND: In studies from Italy and Greece, a Mediterranean dietary pattern was shown to favorably affect life expectancy in the elderly population. This pattern is thought to reduce the risk of cancer in addition to being cardioprotective.

Author(s): 
Lasheras, C.
Fernandez, S.
Patterson, A. M.
Publication Title: 
Clinical Nutrition (Edinburgh, Scotland)

The recommended dietary allowance (RDA) for protein, as promulgated by the Food and Nutrition Board of the United States National Academy of Science, is 0.8 g protein/kg body weight/day for adults, regardless of age. This value represents the minimum amount of protein required to avoid progressive loss of lean body mass in most individuals. There is an evidence that the RDA for elderly may be greater than 0.8 g/kg/day. Evidence indicates that protein intake greater than the RDA can improve muscle mass, strength and function in elderly.

Author(s): 
Wolfe, Robert R.
Miller, Sharon L.
Miller, Kevin B.
Publication Title: 
Child Abuse & Neglect

The aim of this study was to explore the nature and dimensions of institutional child abuse (IA) by the Austrian Catholic Church and to investigate the current mental health of adult survivors. Data were collected in two steps. First, documents of 448 adult survivors of IA (M=55.1 years, 75.7% men) who had disclosed their abuse history to a victim protection commission were collected. Different types of abuse, perpetrator characteristics, and family related risk factors were investigated.

Author(s): 
Lueger-Schuster, Brigitte
Kantor, Viktoria
Weindl, Dina
Knefel, Matthias
Moy, Yvonne
Butollo, Asisa
Jagsch, Reinhold
Gl¸ck, Tobias
Publication Title: 
Nursing Ethics

The subject of sexuality among elderly patients with dementia was examined, focusing on two main aspects: the sexual behaviour of institutionalized elderly people with dementia; and the reactions of other patients, staff and family members to this behaviour. The behaviour was found to be mostly heterosexual and ranged from love and caring to romance and outright eroticism. Reactions varied, being accepting of love and care but often objecting to erotic behaviour.

Author(s): 
Ehrenfeld, M.
Bronner, G.
Tabak, N.
Alpert, R.
Bergman, R.
Publication Title: 
The British Journal of Psychiatry: The Journal of Mental Science

BACKGROUND: Child sexual abuse (CSA) and poor parental care (neglect and institutional care) are associated with depression in adult life. Little is known about possible mechanisms underlying these associations. AIMS: To examine the role of adult intimate-love relationships as differential mediators or moderators of the associations between CSA, poor parental care and adult depression. METHOD: Sampling was carried out in two phases. In the first, questionnaires were sent to women aged 25-36 years in five primary care practices.

Author(s): 
Hill, J.
Pickles, A.
Burnside, E.
Byatt, M.
Rollinson, L.
Davis, R.
Harvey, K.
Publication Title: 
Revista Gaucha De Enfermagem

This article aims at understanding what the friend and friendship represent for the elderly in the context of the geriatric home. One utilized the qualitative approach while the techniques for data collection were: thematic interview and indirect participant observation. The collection period was from April to June 2003, in a geriatric home located in the city of Salvador, Bahia. 15 elderly subjects were interviewed. The used analysis was of thematic contents.

Author(s): 
Silva, C·tia Andrade
de Menezes, Maria do Ros·rio
Santos, Ana Carla Petersen de Oliveira
Carvalho, Lucimeire Santos
Barreiros, Edileide Xavier
Publication Title: 
Social Science & Medicine (1982)

A study of volunteers in three nursing homes revealed that their role had several unexpected consequences for institutional residents and for the volunteers themselves. The research, carried out in geriatric facilities in upstate New York, focused on community members and college students working in a pet therapy program, through which they brought companion animals to various institutions on a weekly basis. Visiting people and pets re-created an aura of domesticity for residents who had been cut off from homes and families by age and illness.

Author(s): 
Savishinsky, J. S.
Publication Title: 
Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences

This case study of mental retardation in Connecticut during 1818-1917 questions the existing model of interpretation. The discovery of mental retardation in Connecticut did not emanate from social fear over those who were different, difficult, or dangerous. Nor did state government initiate the institutionalization of the feeble-minded. Instead, Dr. Henry M. Knight, who founded the private Connecticut School for Imbeciles in 1858, was motivated by antebellum religious benevolence.

Author(s): 
Goodheart, Lawrence B.
Publication Title: 
The Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences

BACKGROUND: Elderly people often suffer from disturbed sleep. Because traditional Chinese medicine indicates that acupressure therapy may induce sedation, testing the effectiveness of acupressure in enhancing the quality of sleep of institutionalized residents with a well-designed scientific study is needed. METHODS: A randomized block experimental design was used. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) questionnaire was used as a screening tool to select subjects with sleep disturbance.

Author(s): 
Chen, M. L.
Lin, L. C.
Wu, S. C.
Lin, J. G.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Studies on Alcohol

Inpatient alcoholics (N = 54 men), nonhospitalized members of an Alcoholics Anonymous group (N = 15 men) and nonalcoholic inpatients (N = 10 men) were shown a 55-min film on alcoholism and were subsequently given memory tests for recall and recognition of information from the film. The performance of the inpatient alcoholics was impaired relative to that of the controls. Alcoholics who were tested earlier in treatment performed worse than those tested 3 or more weeks after their last drink.

Author(s): 
Becker, J. T.
Jaffe, J. H.

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