Interviews as Topic

Publication Title: 
Social Science & Medicine (1982)

Some researchers in the field of ageing claim that significant extension of the human lifespan will be possible in the near future. While many of these researchers have assumed that the community will welcome this technology, there has been very little research on community attitudes to life extension. This paper presents the results of an in-depth qualitative study of community attitudes to life extension across age groups and religious boundaries.

Author(s): 
Underwood, Mair
Bartlett, Helen P.
Partridge, Brad
Lucke, Jayne
Hall, Wayne D.
Publication Title: 
Rejuvenation Research

There are a number of ethical, social, and personal implications generated by the potential development and use of technologies that may extend human longevity by intervening in aging. Despite speculations about likely public attitudes toward life extension, to date there have been few attempts to empirically examine the public's perspective of these issues. Using open-ended survey questions via telephone interviews, this study explored the attitudes of 605 members of the Australian public toward the implications of life extension.

Author(s): 
Partridge, Brad
Lucke, Jayne
Bartlett, Helen
Hall, Wayne
Publication Title: 
Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics

The present study aims at describing the health status of a sample of relatively functional and healthy Greek centenarians and at exploring the potential gender differences in health in this sample. Its objectives are to add to the accumulation of knowledge about the health status of centenarians and therefore to contribute to the exploration of the mechanisms of healthy longevity. The study employs a non-representative community sample of Greek centenarians of both sexes (N=47).

Author(s): 
Darviri, Christina
Demakakos, Panayotes
Charizani, Fotini
Tigani, Xanthi
Tsiou, Chrysoula
Chalamandaris, Alexandros G.
Tsagkari, Christina
Chliaoutakis, Joannnes
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

BACKGROUND: Adherence to a Mediterranean diet has been reported to increase longevity, but concerns have been expressed that such a diet may promote overweight and obesity. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to investigate whether adherence to the traditional Mediterranean diet, as operationalized in a Mediterranean diet score, is associated with body mass index (BMI) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR).

Author(s): 
Trichopoulou, Antonia
Naska, Androniki
Orfanos, Philippos
Trichopoulos, Dimitrios
Publication Title: 
Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether positive affect predicts mortality among people with diabetes and among a comparison group of people with no chronic health conditions. DESIGN: Longitudinal cohort study. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Mortality. RESULTS: Positive affect was significantly associated with lower risk of all-cause mortality in people with diabetes (N = 715). Enjoyed life was associated with lower risk of mortality over and above the effects of negative affect or other significant predictors of mortality.

Author(s): 
Moskowitz, Judith Tedlie
Epel, Elissa S.
Acree, Michael
Publication Title: 
Preventing Chronic Disease

INTRODUCTION: Recruiting participants for research studies can be challenging. Many studies fall short of their target or must prolong recruitment to reach it. We examined recruitment and retention strategies and report lessons learned in a behavioral intervention developmental trial to encourage healthy pregnancy weight gain and stress reduction in low-income overweight pregnant women.

Author(s): 
Coleman-Phox, Kimberly
Laraia, Barbara A.
Adler, Nancy
Vieten, Cassandra
Thomas, Melanie
Epel, Elissa
Publication Title: 
Psychiatry Research

The goal of the present study was to investigate parent-of-origin effects in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Parent-of-origin effects in ADHD may be due to differences in the relative quantity of risk factors transmitted by each parent. Alternatively, parent-of-origin effects may be produced by qualitative differences in the risks transmitted, such as those carried on the sex chromosomes or regulated by genomic imprinting.

Author(s): 
Goos, Lisa M.
Ezzatian, Payam
Schachar, Russell
Publication Title: 
Journal of psychiatry & neuroscience: JPN

BACKGROUND: Preference for fatty foods is a risk factor for obesity. It is a complex behaviour that involves the brain reward system and is regulated by genetic and environmental factors, such as the opioid receptor mu-1 gene (OPRM1) and prenatal exposure to maternal cigarette smoking (PEMCS). We examined whether OPRM1 and PEMCS interact in influencing fat intake and whether exposure-associated epigenetic modifications of OPRM1 may mediate this gene-environment interaction.

Author(s): 
Lee, Ken W. K.
Abrahamowicz, Michal
Leonard, Gabriel T.
Richer, Louis
Perron, Michel
Veillette, Suzanne
Reischl, Eva
Bouchard, Luigi
Gaudet, Daniel
Paus, Tomas
Pausova, Zdenka
Publication Title: 
Health Progress (Saint Louis, Mo.)

Convinced that Catholic organizations might have special strengths for succeeding in price-competitive markets, the Catholic Health Association, with the assistance of a national membership advisory committee and The Lewin Group, Fairfax, VA, studied six healthcare organizations that are successfully meeting the challenges of difficult environments. Based on more than 100 interviews and assessments of the environments in which these progressive mission-driven organizations operate, the researchers identified strategies that can assist other faith-based health organizations.

Publication Title: 
Social Science & Medicine (1982)

In common with some other ethnic and religious minorities whose forebears migrated from their country of origin, Irish Catholics in Britain are less well off than the host population in terms of socio-economic position and health. Results are presented from a Scottish study, where Catholic religion of origin mainly indicates Irish ancestry, and it is estimated that about one-third of the population is of significant Irish descent.

Author(s): 
Abbotts, J.
Williams, R.
Ford, G.

Pages

Subscribe to RSS - Interviews as Topic