Inuits

Publication Title: 
Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental

Adiponectin, a protein secreted by adipose tissue, has antiatherogenic, anti-inflammatory, and insulin-sensitizing actions. We examined the relationship between plasma adiponectin and adiposity, insulin resistance, plasma lipids, glucose, leptin, and anthropometric measurements in 316 adult men and 353 adult women Yup'ik Eskimos in Southwest Alaska.

Author(s): 
Goropashnaya, Anna V.
Herron, Johanna
Sexton, Mary
Havel, Peter J.
Stanhope, Kimber L.
Plaetke, Rosemarie
Mohatt, Gerald V.
Boyer, Bert B.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Lipid Research

Variants of carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1A (CPT1A), a key hepatic lipid oxidation enzyme, may influence how fatty acid oxidation contributes to obesity and metabolic outcomes. CPT1A is regulated by diet, suggesting interactions between gene variants and diet may influence outcomes. The objective of this study was to test the association of CPT1A variants with body composition and lipids, mediated by consumption of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA).

Author(s): 
Lemas, Dominick J.
Wiener, Howard W.
O'Brien, Diane M.
Hopkins, Scarlett
Stanhope, Kimber L.
Havel, Peter J.
Allison, David B.
Fernandez, Jose R.
Tiwari, Hemant K.
Boyer, Bert B.
Publication Title: 
Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.)

OBJECTIVES: To (1) evaluate the relationships between several indices of obesity with obesity-related risk factors; (2) compare the accuracy of body composition estimates derived from anthropometry and bioimpedance analysis (BIA) to estimates of body composition assessed by doubly-labeled water (DLW); and (3) establish equations for estimating fat mass (FM), fat-free mass (FFM), and percent body fat (PBF) in Yup'ik people. DESIGN AND METHODS: Participants included 1,056 adult Yup'ik people from 11 communities in Southwestern Alaska.

Author(s): 
Bray, Maria
Pomeroy, Jeremy
Knowler, William C.
Bersamin, Andrea
Hopkins, Scarlett
Brage, Søren
Stanhope, Kimber
Havel, Peter J.
Boyer, Bert B.
Publication Title: 
Rural and Remote Health

INTRODUCTION: Studies from the early 20th Century suggest that Inuit had a low prevalence of dental caries. However, Inuit children now experience a high prevalence of tooth decay and dental caries. The main objectives of this study were to provide an estimate of the prevalence and correlates of parental-reported oral health among Inuit preschool-aged children in Nunavut. METHODS: Inuit preschool-aged children aged 3 to 5 years from 16 of Nunavut's 25 communities were randomly selected to participate in the Nunavut Inuit Child Health Survey conducted in 2007 and 2008.

Author(s): 
Pacey, Angela
Nancarrow, Tanya
Egeland, Grace M.
Publication Title: 
Rural and Remote Health

INTRODUCTION: Studies from the early 20th Century suggest that Inuit had a low prevalence of dental caries. However, Inuit children now experience a high prevalence of tooth decay and dental caries. The main objectives of this study were to provide an estimate of the prevalence and correlates of parental-reported oral health among Inuit preschool-aged children in Nunavut. METHODS: Inuit preschool-aged children aged 3 to 5 years from 16 of Nunavut's 25 communities were randomly selected to participate in the Nunavut Inuit Child Health Survey conducted in 2007 and 2008.

Author(s): 
Pacey, Angela
Nancarrow, Tanya
Egeland, Grace M.
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