Iran

Publication Title: 
Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice

BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is one of the most common health problems in adults. The impact of LBP on the individual can cause loss of health status and function related to pain in the back. To reduce the impact of LBP on adults, drug therapy is the most frequently recommended intervention. But over the last decade, a substantial number of randomized clinical trials of non-pharmacological intervention for LBP have been published.

Author(s): 
Yeganeh, Mohsen
Baradaran, Hamid Reza
Qorbani, Mostafa
Moradi, Yousef
Dastgiri, Saeed
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents

The effect of ether, alcoholic and water extracts of black myrobalan (Teminalia chebula Retz) on Helicobactor pylori were examined using an agar diffusion method on Columbia Agar. Water extracts of black myrobalan showed significant antibacterial activity and had a minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bacteriocidal concentration (MBC) of 125 and 150 mg/l, respectively. The extract was active after autoclaving for 30 min at 121 degrees C. Plant powder (incorporated in agar) gave higher MIC and MBC values (150 and 175 mg/l, respectively).

Author(s): 
Malekzadeh, F.
Ehsanifar, H.
Shahamat, M.
Levin, M.
Colwell, R. R.
Publication Title: 
Fitoterapia

In vitro anticandidal activity of methanol extracts of 42 plant species of 29 families used in Iranian folkloric medicine were evaluated at 20 mg/ml concentration against Clotrimazole-resistant Candida albicans. Nineteen plant species in 16 families showed anticandidal activities. The lowest MIC of 0.62 mg/ml belonged to Terminalia chebula and Thymus vulgaris.

Author(s): 
Bonjar, G. H. Shahidi
Publication Title: 
Fitoterapia

Fifty methanolic plant extracts belonging to 44 plant species of 33 families finding use in Iranian folkloric medicine were screened for antibacterial activity. Thirty samples, including 28 species in 20 families, had antibacterial activity against at least on one of the bacteria. Among the active plants, 32.6% were active against G(-), 62% against G(+), and 47.3% against both G(-) and G(+) bacteria. Dianthus coryophyllus was active against all tested G(-) and G(+) bacteria except Micrococcus luteus.

Author(s): 
Bonjar, G. H. Shahidi
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Cosmetic Science

This study aimed to evaluate the free radical scavenging and inhibition properties of five medicinal plants, including Quercus infectoria Olive., Terminalia chebula Retz., Lavendula stoechas L., Mentha longifolia L., Rheum palmatum L., toward the activity of mushroom tyrosinase using L-tyrosine and L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-DOPA) as the substrate.The methanol extracts of Q. infectoria and T.

Author(s): 
Khazaeli, P.
Goldoozian, R.
Sharififar, F.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine = Chung I Tsa Chih Ying Wen Pan

Terminalia chebula (family: Combretaceae) is widely used in the traditional medicine of India and Iran to treat diseases that include dementia, constipation, and diabetes. This tree is known in Iranian traditional medicine (ITM) as halileh or halilaj and the fruit is used to develop treatments. It is described in ITM as an astringent that has a "cold" and "dry" temperament. References to the medicinal properties of Terminalia chebula were collected from important ITM sources and from modern medical databases (PubMed, Scirus, ScienceDirect, and Scopus).

Author(s): 
Jokar, Assie
Masoomi, Fatemeh
Sadeghpour, Omid
Nassiri-Toosi, Mohsen
Hamedi, Shokouhsadat
Publication Title: 
Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences

BACKGROUND: Diabetes continuously disrupts a patient's well-being and quality of life. Successful self-care could potentially decrease overall costs and rates of mortality and morbidity. Patients' experiences could be used to elucidate what they believe about illness and its management. The overall aim of this study was to illuminate the meaning of self-care among diabetic patients in Southeast of Iran. METHODS: Sixteen diabetic patients with a mean age of 34 and 10 years' experience in self-care for their disease were interviewed.

Author(s): 
Azizzadeh Forouzi, M.
Tirgari, Batool
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice

OBJECTIVE: Experiencing romantic love is important in individual development. Little is known about romantic love among adolescents in non-Western countries. The aim of the present study was therefore to explore romantic love among Iranian female adolescents. METHODS: Eighty-six females (mean age: 17.97 years) took part in the study; 38 of them (44%) indicated they were experiencing romantic love at the time of survey, and 48 (56%) indicated they were not in love.

Author(s): 
Bajoghli, Hafez
Joshaghani, Narges
Mohammadi, Mohammad Reza
Holsboer-Trachsler, Edith
Brand, Serge
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice

BACKGROUND: Experiencing romantic love is important in individual development. Little is known about romantic love among adolescents in non-Western countries. The aim of the present study was to explore romantic love among Iranian male and female adolescents. METHOD: A total of 201 adolescents (mean age: 17.73 years) took part in the study; of these, 81 indicated they were experiencing romantic love at the time of survey, and 120 indicated they were not in love.

Author(s): 
Bajoghli, Hafez
Joshaghani, Narges
Gerber, Markus
Mohammadi, Mohammad-Reza
Holsboer-Trachsler, Edith
Brand, Serge
Publication Title: 
Journal of Education and Health Promotion

BACKGROUND: Multi-dimensional self-compassion is one of the important factors predicting fetal-maternal attachment which vary among different cultures and countries. So the aim of this study was to determine the relationship between multi-dimensional, self-compassion, and fetal-maternal attachment in the prenatal period. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried on 394 primigravida women to Mashhad Health Care Centers in with two stage sampling method (cluster-convenience) in the year 2014.

Author(s): 
Mohamadirizi, Soheila
Kordi, Masoumeh

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