Iron

Publication Title: 
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition

Nutritional status of iron, folate, and vitamin B-12 in vegetarians were assessed and compared with those of non- vegetarians in Korea. The vegetarian subjects were 54 Buddhist nuns who ate no animal source food except for dairy products. The non-vegetarians were divided into two groups: 31 Catholic nuns and 31 female college students. Three-day dietary records were completed, and the blood samples were collected for analyzing a complete blood count, and serum levels of ferritin, folate, and vitamin B-12. There was no difference in hemoglobin among the diet groups.

Author(s): 
Lee, Yujin
Krawinkel, Michael
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

BACKGROUND: Micronutrient deficiencies are common, even in middle-income countries. OBJECTIVE: The objectives were to determine whether multiple micronutrient (MM) supplementation from 3 to 24 mo of age improves growth and whether the effect is modified by MM supplementation during pregnancy. DESIGN: We conducted a randomized, double-blind, controlled trial in central Mexico.

Author(s): 
Ramakrishnan, Usha
Neufeld, Lynnette M.
Flores, Rafael
Rivera, Juan
Martorell, Reynaldo
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

BACKGROUND: For many pregnant Canadian women, usual iron intakes from food appear to be inadequate compared with Dietary Reference Intake requirement estimates. OBJECTIVE: Dietary intake modeling was undertaken to determine an amount of iron supplementation that would confer acceptably low prevalence of apparently inadequate and apparently excessive intakes. DESIGN: The distribution of usual dietary iron intakes was estimated with the use of 24-h recalls from pregnant women aged 19-50 y in the Canadian Community Health Survey, Cycle 2.2.

Author(s): 
Cockell, Kevin A.
Miller, Doris C.
Lowell, Hélène
Publication Title: 
American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology

Dietary iron is particularly critical during periods of rapid growth such as in neonatal development. Human and rodent studies have indicated that iron deficiency or excess during this critical stage of development can have significant long- and short-term consequences. Since the requirement for iron changes during development, the availability of adequate iron is critical for the differentiation and maturation of individual organs participating in iron homeostasis.

Author(s): 
Hegde, Narasimha V.
Unger, Erica L.
Jensen, Gordon L.
Hankey, Pamela A.
Paulson, Robert F.
Publication Title: 
Human Reproduction (Oxford, England)

BACKGROUND Iron deficiency during pregnancy is associated with adverse birth outcomes, particularly, if present during early gestation. Iron supplements are widely recommended during pregnancy, but evidence of their benefit in relation to infant outcomes is not established. This study was performed in the UK, where iron supplements are not routinely recommended during pregnancy, to investigate the association between iron intake in pregnancy and size at birth.

Author(s): 
Alwan, Nisreen A.
Greenwood, Darren C.
Simpson, Nigel A. B.
McArdle, Harry J.
Godfrey, Keith M.
Cade, Janet E.
Publication Title: 
Nutrición Hospitalaria

INTRODUCTION: The nutritional status of micronutrients in lactating adolescent women is crucial to guarantee an adequate secretion of these in breast milk and, consequently, an adequate nutritional status of children. Hence, more attention should be given to micronutrient status of adolescent mother who breastfeed. This study aimed to evaluate the influence of multimicronutrients supplementation upon nutritional status of iron, copper, zinc and calcium of lactating adolescent mother from low socioeconomic status in Rio de Janeiro/Brazil.

Author(s): 
Correia-Santos, A. M.
Bolognini Pereira, K.
Erthal Santelli, R.
Teles Boaventura, G.
Blondet de Azeredo, V.
Publication Title: 
Human Reproduction (Oxford, England)

BACKGROUND Iron deficiency during pregnancy is associated with adverse birth outcomes, particularly, if present during early gestation. Iron supplements are widely recommended during pregnancy, but evidence of their benefit in relation to infant outcomes is not established. This study was performed in the UK, where iron supplements are not routinely recommended during pregnancy, to investigate the association between iron intake in pregnancy and size at birth.

Author(s): 
Alwan, Nisreen A.
Greenwood, Darren C.
Simpson, Nigel A. B.
McArdle, Harry J.
Godfrey, Keith M.
Cade, Janet E.
Publication Title: 
Nutrición Hospitalaria

INTRODUCTION: The nutritional status of micronutrients in lactating adolescent women is crucial to guarantee an adequate secretion of these in breast milk and, consequently, an adequate nutritional status of children. Hence, more attention should be given to micronutrient status of adolescent mother who breastfeed. This study aimed to evaluate the influence of multimicronutrients supplementation upon nutritional status of iron, copper, zinc and calcium of lactating adolescent mother from low socioeconomic status in Rio de Janeiro/Brazil.

Author(s): 
Correia-Santos, A. M.
Bolognini Pereira, K.
Erthal Santelli, R.
Teles Boaventura, G.
Blondet de Azeredo, V.
Publication Title: 
Nutrición Hospitalaria

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the inclusion of a new modified meat product as a dietary supplement has a positive influence on the nutritional status and blood lipid profile of institutionalized elderly subjects. METHOD: A sample population of elderly people living in institutions (9 men and 29 women aged 68-97 years) completed a crossover study with two dietary supplements. Nutritionally complete diets differed only in food supplementation, first, with a standard meat product and, subsequently, with a modified meat product.

Author(s): 
Beriain, M. J.
Ibáñez, F. C.
Baleztena, J.
Oria, E.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Nutrition

Adequate folate and iron intake during pregnancy is critical for maternal and fetal health. No previous studies to our knowledge have reported dietary supplement use and folate status among pregnant women sampled in NHANES, a nationally representative, cross-sectional survey. We analyzed data on 1296 pregnant women who participated in NHANES from 1999 to 2006 to characterize overall supplement use, iron and folic acid use, and RBC folate status.

Author(s): 
Branum, Amy M.
Bailey, Regan
Singer, Barbara J.

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