Ischemic Attack, Transient

Publication Title: 
International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society

BACKGROUND: Recent epidemiological studies have demonstrated an association between perceived psychological stress and ischemic stroke. A feature of stroke is recurrence; 30-40% within five-years following first transient ischemic attack/stroke. Equipping patients with skills and coping strategies to help reduce or manage perceived psychological stress may represent an important secondary prevention intervention.

Author(s): 
Lawrence, Maggie
Booth, Jo
Mercer, Stewart
Crawford, Elizabeth
Publication Title: 
Neurochemical Research

The fruit of Terminalia chebula Retz has been used as a traditional medicine in Asia and contains tannic acid, chebulagic acid, chebulinic acid and corilagin. Extract from T. chebula seeds (TCE) has various biological functions. We observed the neuroprotective effects of TCE against ischemic damage in the hippocampal C1 region (CA1) of the gerbil that had received oral administrations of TCE (100 mg/kg) once a day for 7 days before the induction of transient cerebral ischemia.

Author(s): 
Park, Joon Ha
Joo, Han Seung
Yoo, Ki-Yeon
Shin, Bich Na
Kim, In Hye
Lee, Choong Hyun
Choi, Jung Hoon
Byun, Kyunghee
Lee, Bonghee
Lim, Soon Sung
Kim, Myong Jo
Won, Moo-Ho
Publication Title: 
Anaesthesia and Intensive Care

A 73-year-old morbidly obese female patient (weight 125 kg, height 156 cm) was scheduled for cataract surgery of her right eye. Due to a number of severe co-morbidities general anaesthesia was contraindicated. However the patient was very anxious and requested sedation if the procedure was to be undertaken under local anaesthesia. She responded very positively to the proposal of utilising perioperative hypnosis. Hypnotic induction was achieved with the heavy eyelid technique, putting the patient into trance within 30 seconds.

Author(s): 
Kiss, G.
Butler, J.
Publication Title: 
Pharmacology & Toxicology

Stroke, or ischaemic brain damage, is of great geriatric importance being the third most common cause of death after cancer and heart diseases in developed countries. Despite such high frequency, its management has received inadequate attention. Many studies have shown the role of free radicals in the pathogenesis of ischaemic brain damage. Search for safe and effective antioxidant and free radial scavenger agents, therefore, appear to be a promising approach for stroke therapy.

Author(s): 
Shah, Zahoor Ahmad
Vohora, Shashi Bharat
Publication Title: 
Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior

Free radicals are implicated in causation of cerebral reperfusion injury and chronic cerebral hypoperfusion in rats is associated with functional and histopathological disturbances. Ocimum sanctum (OS), a plant widely used in Ayurveda, has been shown to possess anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and cognition-enhancing properties. In the present study, we investigated the effect of methanolic extract of OS leaves in cerebral reperfusion injury as well as long-term hypoperfusion.

Author(s): 
Yanpallewar, S. U.
Rai, Sunita
Kumar, Mohan
Acharya, S. B.
Publication Title: 
Neurochemical Research

Anesthetics such as propofol can provide neuroprotective effects against cerebral ischemia. However, the underlying mechanism of this beneficial effect is not clear. Therefore, we subjected male Sprague-Dawley rats to 2 h of middle cerebral artery occlusion and investigated how post-ischemic administration of propofol affected neurologic outcome and the expression of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF).

Author(s): 
Zhao, Xiao-Chun
Zhang, Li-Min
Tong, Dong-Yi
An, Ping
Jiang, Chao
Zhao, Ping
Chen, Wei-Min
Wang, Jian
Publication Title: 
Zhurnal Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova (Moscow, Russia: 1952)

The authors give some data on restitutional therapy of 516 patients (400 with sequelae following strokes and 116 with transient disorders of cerebral circulation). Treatment of the first group was made in a neurological ward, the second--in a cardiological sanatorium. The programme of restitutional therapy provided the use of psychosocial and biological methods, an appeal to the personality and stage-by-stage accomplishment of rehabilitative measures.

Author(s): 
Demidenko, T. D.
Gol'dblat, Iu V.
Grekova, A. A.
Kamenetskiĭ, V. K.
L'vova, R. I.
Publication Title: 
Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, I Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury

Clinical and instrumental studies have revealed differences in effects of nerve ending and classic massage on hemodynamics in 41 patients early after transitory ischemic attacks in the vertebrobasilar area. Point massage produced more potent vasotropic effect, contraindications to it are minimal. It can be considered as a pathogenetic therapy aimed at correction of cerebral circulation in patients with vertebrobasilar area applicable early after acute cerebrovascular episodes.

Author(s): 
Gusarova, S. A.
Kuznetsov, O. F.
Gorbunov, F. E.
Maslovskaia, S. G.
Publication Title: 
Annals of Vascular Surgery

Cervical pain caused by the elongation of the styloid process (Eagle syndrome) is well known to otolaryngologists but is rarely considered by vascular surgeons. We report two patients with cerebrovascular symptoms of Eagle syndrome treated in our medical center in the past year. Case 1: an 80-year-old man with acromegaly presented with dizziness and syncope with neck rotation. The patient was noted to have bilateral elongated styloid processes impinging on the internal carotid arteries.

Author(s): 
Todo, Tsuyoshi
Alexander, Michael
Stokol, Colin
Lyden, Patrick
Braunstein, Glenn
Gewertz, Bruce
Publication Title: 
Neurologia I Neurochirurgia Polska

This is a case report of a 41-year old man who had ischaemic lesion in the pons following chiropractic manipulation. He had brainstem syndrome with right hemiparesis. He improved. After 4 a year follow-up he is in a very good condition.

Author(s): 
Mendel, T.
Barańska-Gieruszczak, M.

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