Jealousy

Publication Title: 
The Psychoanalytic Quarterly

Freud once planned a comprehensive "study of man's love life." Although only fragments of this project ever appeared in print, much of it can be reconstructed from Freud's letters and other sources. After tracing the evolution of Freud's thinking on this topic, the author proposes that there are five functions of the ego which are associated with falling in love. The bliss of falling in love is seen as the result of a revival of feelings that once belonged to the symbiotic phase of infancy.

Author(s): 
Bergmann, M. S.
Publication Title: 
Community Mental Health Journal

This paper describes one variation in the battering phenomenon which was initially observed among low-income women. The strategies of coercion and deception utilized by the abusive male in these relationships are described and compared with similar strategies of "mind control" utilized in more traditional "cultic" systems. The debilitating effects of these techniques on the battered female are described, as is the battering male's own separation reaction, and the probable dynamics of the men and women involved in this pathological family system.

Author(s): 
Boulette, T. R.
Andersen, S. M.
Publication Title: 
Archives of Sexual Behavior

Forty gay male couples participated in a questionnaire study comparing relationships that partners agreed were sexually open (N = 23) and relationships that partners agreed were sexually closed (N = 17). No significant differences were found in the quality of open versus closed relationships. Almost all men (93%) said they were in love with their partner. On scales assessing degree of love and liking for the partner, men in open and closed relationships were indistinguishable. Nor did the two types of relationships differ in measures of satisfaction and commitment.

Author(s): 
Blasband, D.
Peplau, L. A.
Publication Title: 
Psychopathology

In a retrospective study of 865 delusional syndromes, connections were investigated between delusional themes and the sex of patients, and the ages in which these themes extensively occurred. According to previous reports, the results of this investigation indicated that differences exist between the ages of manifestation regarding the themes of hypochondria, persecution, love and jealously. Furthermore, differences could be observed between males and females in relation to the frequency of choice of particular themes, as well as the age of occurrence.

Author(s): 
Musalek, M.
Berner, P.
Katschnig, H.
Publication Title: 
Psychological Reports

A survey was administered to assess the differences between friends and romantics regarding the experience and expression of jealousy. The first hypothesis predicted that the perceived appropriateness of the expression of jealousy would be greater in romantic relationships than in friendships. Therefore, the second hypothesis predicted that the expression of jealousy would be greater in romantic relationships than in friendships. Third, it was expected that the intensity of jealousy would be a stronger predictor of expression for romantics than for friends.

Author(s): 
Aune, K. S.
Comstock, J.
Publication Title: 
Psychological Reports

The purpose of this research was to test the hypothesis that when an individual's romantic partner is sexually unfaithful the individual will be more angry with and aggressive toward the partner than the third party. 40 college men and women participated in this study. Each subject rated how angry and aggressive he or she would be toward him- or herself, the partner, and the third party if the partner were unfaithful. Intensity of love, degree of commitment, and mode of anger/aggression expression were also investigated. Support was found for the hypothesis.

Author(s): 
Mathes, E. W.
Verstraete, C.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

The aim of this research was to make a prototype and cognitive appraisal analysis of 4 emotions within marriage. In Study 1, 160 Ss recalled and wrote about a partner-related love, hate, anger, or jealousy incident. Distinct prototypes and appraisal patterns were obtained. In Study 2, 80 Ss wrote accounts of hypothetical love, hate, anger, and jealousy events in marriage. The results suggested both recalled and hypothetical accounts were derived from the same knowledge structures.

Author(s): 
Fitness, J.
Fletcher, G. J.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy

Romantic jealousy is often experienced after a situation is interpreted as threatening to one's intimate relationship and can involve elements of other emotions such as anger, fear, and sadness. An individual experiencing jealousy may engage in a number of behaviors and thought processes aimed at reducing jealousy or keeping the relationship intact. However, these cognitions and behaviors may not achieve either of these goals and may escalate problems in the relationship.

Author(s): 
Cano, A.
O'Leary, K. D.
Publication Title: 
Violence and Victims

Motives for anger and aggression in love triangles are discussed and then examined using homicide data and survey data from college students. We find that love triangles are a more important motive when females commit homicide than when males commit homicide. Females usually kill their lover while males usually kill their rival. Male attacks on male rivals reflect identity concerns, according to the college student data. Anger at both the partner and rival also depends on the assignment of blame.

Author(s): 
Felson, R. B.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Social Psychology

The effect of relationship length on the perceived appropriateness and intensity of the experience and expression of romantic jealousy among American students was explored. Linear increases in perceived appropriateness and intensity of jealousy were predicted. The results largely supported the hypotheses, with jealousy experience, expression, and perceived appropriateness of jealousy expression increasing over time. However, the perceived appropriateness of jealousy experience did not vary significantly across relationship lengths.

Author(s): 
Aune, K. S.
Comstock, J.

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