Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
A systematic review of published evidence was conducted investigating surgical and conservative management of rotator cuff disease. Medical databases searched included Medline, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), the Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro), and the Cochrane Collaboration library. Two independent reviewers evaluated each article for inclusion. Established criteria were used to assess the methodologic quality of articles examining outcomes of treatment interventions for rotator cuff disease.
Diabetic cheiropathy is often not diagnosed because of a paucity of symptoms. In the present study, 100 type I diabetic patients and 20 controls were investigated. The age of patients ranged from seven to 26 years, the duration of diabetes was one to 23 years. Extension of hands by "prayer position", a hand-print and angle determinations of joints were considered for the determination of diabetic cheiropathy. The presence of cheiropathy was unrelated to the duration of diabetes.
Limited joint mobility (LJM), beginning typically in the fifth finger and moving radially, affecting interphalangeal, metacarpal-phalangeal, and large joints, is the earliest clinically apparent complication of diabetes in childhood and adolescence. It is painless and not disabling. Approximately 50% of post-adolescent patients with more than 5 years duration of diabetes are affected, with age being more important than duration of diabetes, as is the case with other complications.
Limited joint mobility (LJM) is a common complication of juvenile diabetes, usually assessed by a clinical method, the prayer test. Recently, the interest of the use of a goniometer in measuring subclinical joint limitation has been shown in adult diabetic patients.
In order to assess the relation between limited joint mobility (LJM) and peripheral nerve function in diabetic children, peroneal nerve amplitude and motor conduction velocity as well as sural nerve amplitude and distal latency were measured with a Medelec MSG electromyograph. LJM was examined by observing the hands in the prayer position of 60 unselected diabetic children (average age 11.2 +/- 3.1 years; mean duration of diabetes 4.1 +/- 3 years) and 31 healthy controls. Of 60 patients, 38.3 percent had limited joint mobility. no influence of sex on expression of LJM was found.
OBJECTIVE: This study is designed to further characterize Limited Joint Mobility (LJM) of the hand using quantitative goniometric measurements among Black Africans with Type 2 diabetes mellitus and non-diabetes. METHODS: Seventy-six patients with Type 2 diabetes and 63 normal controls matched for age and gender were purposively selected. Visual clinical examination and quantitative goniometric assessment of patients with DM and non-DM controls were done. The LJM was graded using the criteria of Silverstein et al. Glycaemic control and proteinuria were also assessed.