Kenya

Publication Title: 
Journal of Medical Entomology

The influence of indoor microclimate on survival of female Anopheles gambiae sensu stricto Giles (Diptera: culicidae) mosquitoes fed on different nutrition sources was evaluated in a semifield experimental hut exposed to ambient climate in western Kenya. Cages of mosquitoes (n approximately 50 per cage) were placed in nine positions within the hut combining three different sides and three different heights.

Author(s): 
Okech, Bernard A.
Gouagna, Louis C.
Killeen, Gerard F.
Knols, Bart G. J.
Kabiru, Ephantus W.
Beier, John C.
Yan, Guiyan
Githure, John I.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine

Although past research has extensively documented the effects of religious involvement and social integration on the health outcomes of older people, relatively little research has examined the relationship among older Africans. In this article, we examined the effects of religious affiliation and participation as well as forms of social engagement, including social support, sociability, and community participation on self-reported health. The study used data from a sample of older men and women (50 years and above) from two informal settlements in Nairobi Kenya.

Author(s): 
Kodzi, Ivy Abla
Obeng Gyimah, Stephen
Emina, Jacques
Chika Ezeh, Alex
Publication Title: 
East African Medical Journal

OBJECTIVE: To determine factors influencing the use of Insecticide Treated Nets (ITN) in the prevention of Malaria to children under five years. DESIGN: A descriptive cross-sectional study. SETTING: Kiambu District, Central Province of Kenya. RESULTS: One hundred and thirty nine (50.7%) attained primary education. Two hundred and seventy two (99.3%) were of Christian faith. One hundred and sixty four (59.8%) didn't have formal employment. Two hundred and fourty three (88.7%) were married. One hundred forty two (51.8%) were house wives. Two hundred and fourty seven (65.0%) used ITNs.

Author(s): 
Mudenyo, M. O.
Nobuyuki, H.
Publication Title: 
BMC public health

BACKGROUND: Since the 1980s the Majengo Observational Cohort Study (MOCS) has examined sexually transmitted infections, in particular HIV/AIDS, in a cohort of sex workers in Majengo, an impoverished urban village in Nairobi, Kenya. The MOCS investigators have faced criticism since the women have remained in the sex trade for the duration of their participation in the study, prompting concerns about exploitation. Yet despite these concerns, the cohort has survived for almost 30 years.

Author(s): 
Bandewar, Sunita V. S.
Kimani, Joshua
Lavery, James V.
Publication Title: 
Sociology of Health & Illness

Interest in medication-taking as a social behaviour is growing. Drawing on qualitative data, this study interrogates beliefs and practices related to antiretroviral therapy (ART) use among urban poor Kenyan people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). Responding PLWHA relied on a range of ingenious strategies to remember to take their medications but did not necessarily perceive compliance with medical instructions as key to treatment efficacy. They also believed that compliance can even hurt some patients.

Author(s): 
Izugbara, Chimaraoke O.
Wekesa, Eliud
Publication Title: 
Journal of Ophthalmic Nursing & Technology

1. By introducing a viable donor tissue procurement, the International Eye Bank has increased the supply of corneal tissue for Kikiyu Mission Hospital's Eye Unit. 2. Tissue procurement can be realistically handled in off-peak times in the United States. 3. The use of modern communication, an excellent surgical staff and well-maintained surgical equipment, and the generosity of medical volunteers and pharmaceutical suppliers have made this project successful.

Author(s): 
Traykovski, C. F.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Public Health (Oxford, England)

BACKGROUND: Recruitment and retention of health workers is a major concern. Policy initiatives emphasize financial incentives, despite mixed evidence of their effectiveness. Qualitative studies suggest that nurses especially may be more driven by altruistic motivations, but quantitative research has overlooked such values. This paper adds to the literature through characterizing the nature and determinants of nurses' altruism, based on a cross-country quantitative study.

Author(s): 
Smith, Richard
Lagarde, Mylene
Blaauw, Duane
Goodman, Catherine
English, Mike
Mullei, Kethi
Pagaiya, Nonglak
Tangcharoensathien, Viroj
Erasmus, Ermin
Hanson, Kara
Publication Title: 
Journal of Public Health (Oxford, England)

BACKGROUND: Recruitment and retention of health workers is a major concern. Policy initiatives emphasize financial incentives, despite mixed evidence of their effectiveness. Qualitative studies suggest that nurses especially may be more driven by altruistic motivations, but quantitative research has overlooked such values. This paper adds to the literature through characterizing the nature and determinants of nurses' altruism, based on a cross-country quantitative study.

Author(s): 
Smith, Richard
Lagarde, Mylene
Blaauw, Duane
Goodman, Catherine
English, Mike
Mullei, Kethi
Pagaiya, Nonglak
Tangcharoensathien, Viroj
Erasmus, Ermin
Hanson, Kara
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene

The efficacy of amodiaquine (AQ) and sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) was assessed in 310 symptomatic children from western Kenya with uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria. A non-blinded, randomized, 14-day study was performed and parasitologic criteria were used. Of 310 patients included, 238 (77%) completed the study: 120 received AQ and 118 received SP.

Author(s): 
Vreugdenhil, C. J.
Scheper, F. Y.
Hoogstraatte, S. R.
Smolders, M.
Gikunda, S.
Cobelens, F. G.
Kager, P. A.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Infectious Diseases

Background. Artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) reduces microscopically confirmed gametocytemia and mosquito infection. However, molecular techniques have recently revealed high prevalences of submicroscopic gametocytemia. Our objective here was to determine the effect of sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) monotherapy and treatment with SP plus amodiaquine (AQ), SP plus artesunate (AS), and artemether-lumefantrine (AL; Coartem) on submicroscopic gametocytemia and infectiousness.Methods. Kenyan children (n=528) 6 months-10 years of age were randomized to 4 treatment arms.

Author(s): 
Bousema, J. Teun
Schneider, Petra
Gouagna, Louis C.
Drakeley, Chris J.
Tostmann, Alma
Houben, Rein
Githure, John I.
Ord, Rosalynn
Sutherland, Colin J.
Omar, Sabah A.
Sauerwein, Robert W.

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