Kidney Failure, Chronic

Publication Title: 
JBI database of systematic reviews and implementation reports

BACKGROUND: Kidney transplantation has been recognized as the best renal replacement therapy option for people with end stage renal disease. With an estimated 170,000 people waiting for a kidney transplant around the world and a limited supply of donor organs, the waiting time is often prolonged for many years. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review was to examine the existing evidence of patients' experiences of living on dialysis and waiting for a renal transplant from a deceased donor.

Author(s): 
Burns, Tania
Fernandez, Ritin
Stephens, Moira
Publication Title: 
Journal of Pain and Symptom Management

Uremic pruritus (UP) is a common and bothersome symptom in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) that does not always respond to conventional care. Acupuncture is frequently used for the treatment of a wide range of conditions, but its effects on UP in ESRD patients are unclear. The objective of this review was to evaluate the effectiveness of acupuncture for UP in patients with ESRD. We searched 16 electronic databases from their inception to November 2009. All prospective clinical studies of needle acupuncture for UP in hemodialysis patients with ESRD were included regardless of their design.

Author(s): 
Kim, Kun Hyung
Lee, Myeong Soo
Choi, Sun-Mi
Publication Title: 
Journal of the American Geriatrics Society

OBJECTIVES: To test whether lower serum uric acid (UA) levels are associated with longevity independent of renal function. DESIGN: Cross-sectional cohort study. SETTING: Ashkenazi Jewish individuals with exceptional longevity (Longevity Genes Project at Albert Einstein College of Medicine). PARTICIPANTS: Long-lived individuals (LLI) of Ashkenazi Jewish ethnicity (mean age ± standard deviation 97.7 ± 2.9, n = 365), their offspring (mean age ± standard deviation 68.2 ± 8.2, n = 593) and controls (without family history of longevity, mean age ± standard deviation 72.5 ± 9.9, n = 356).

Author(s): 
Lai, Jennifer Yi-Chun
Atzmon, Gil
Melamed, Michal L.
Hostetter, Thomas H.
Crandall, Jill P.
Barzilai, Nir
Bitzer, Markus
Publication Title: 
The International Journal of Pediatric Nephrology

It is important to appreciate that the recent advances in nutritional management over the past two decades (19-22) have added to the longevity and the "joie de vivre" of children with chronic renal failure. The significant advances in vitamin D therapy and new treatment of complications in long-term maintenance dialysis have provided the pediatric nephrologist with new avenues of management.

Author(s): 
Tsuru, N.
Chan, J. C.
Publication Title: 
Clinical journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The Comprehensive Dialysis Study (CDS) aimed to understand factors contributing to physical, functional, and nutritional health status among patients starting dialysis. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: A phone interview survey was conducted with patients from a geographically stratified national random sample of dialysis units, and quarterly serum samples were obtained for patients at a preidentified subset of units.

Author(s): 
Kutner, Nancy G.
Johansen, Kirsten L.
Kaysen, George A.
Pederson, Sarah
Chen, Shu-Cheng
Agodoa, Lawrence Y.
Eggers, Paul W.
Chertow, Glenn M.
Publication Title: 
Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation: Official Publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association

BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) seems to be common in long-term survivors of haematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). However, the range of its frequency is very wide, likely due to variability in the definitions of CKD and the periods of follow-up. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional and retrospective study in 158 adults who received myeloablative allogeneic HCT for lymphohaematologic malignancies at least 3 years ago and are alive today. The mean survival time was 6.15 +/- 4.88 years (range: 3-16 years).

Author(s): 
Ando, Minoru
Ohashi, Kazuteru
Akiyama, Hideki
Sakamaki, Hisashi
Morito, Taku
Tsuchiya, Ken
Nitta, Kosaku
Publication Title: 
Journal of the American Geriatrics Society

OBJECTIVES: To test whether lower serum uric acid (UA) levels are associated with longevity independent of renal function. DESIGN: Cross-sectional cohort study. SETTING: Ashkenazi Jewish individuals with exceptional longevity (Longevity Genes Project at Albert Einstein College of Medicine). PARTICIPANTS: Long-lived individuals (LLI) of Ashkenazi Jewish ethnicity (mean age ± standard deviation 97.7 ± 2.9, n = 365), their offspring (mean age ± standard deviation 68.2 ± 8.2, n = 593) and controls (without family history of longevity, mean age ± standard deviation 72.5 ± 9.9, n = 356).

Author(s): 
Lai, Jennifer Yi-Chun
Atzmon, Gil
Melamed, Michal L.
Hostetter, Thomas H.
Crandall, Jill P.
Barzilai, Nir
Bitzer, Markus
Publication Title: 
Biomedical and environmental sciences: BES

Major and profound changes have taken place in China over the past 30 years. Rapid socioeconomic progress has exerted a great impact on lifestyle, ranging from food, clothing, working and living conditions, and means of transportation to leisure activities and entertainment. At the same time, new health problems have emerged, and health services are facing new challenges. Presently, cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are among the top health problems of the Chinese people, and pose a serious challenge to all engaged in the prevention and control of these diseases.

Author(s): 
Hu, Sheng Shou
Kong, Ling Zhi
Gao, Run Lin
Zhu, Man Lu
Wang, Wen
Wang, Yong Jun
Wu, Zhao Su
Chen, Wei Wei
Liu, Ming Bo
Editorial Board
Publication Title: 
Journal of Clinical Pathology
Author(s): 
Preston, F. E.
Malia, R. G.
Sworn, M. J.
Blackburn, E. K.
Publication Title: 
American Journal of Kidney Diseases: The Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation

BACKGROUND: Kidney transplantation offers better outcomes compared to dialysis, but requires patients to adhere to an ongoing and complex self-management regimen. Medication nonadherence remains a leading cause of transplant loss, and inadequate self-management undermines transplantation and other health outcomes. We aimed to describe kidney transplant recipients' motivations, challenges, and attitudes toward self-management. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review and thematic synthesis of qualitative studies. SETTING & POPULATION: Kidney transplant recipients.

Author(s): 
Jamieson, Nathan J.
Hanson, Camilla S.
Josephson, Michelle A.
Gordon, Elisa J.
Craig, Jonathan C.
Halleck, Fabian
Budde, Klemens
Tong, Allison

Pages

Subscribe to RSS - Kidney Failure, Chronic