BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a worldwide public health problem. In the National Kidney Foundation Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative guidelines it is stressed that lifestyle issues such as physical activity should be seen as cornerstones of the therapy. The physical fitness in adults with CKD is so reduced that it impinges on ability and capacity to perform activities in everyday life and occupational tasks. An increasing number of studies have been published regarding health effects of various regular exercise programmes in adults with CKD and in renal transplant patients.
JBI database of systematic reviews and implementation reports
BACKGROUND: Kidney transplantation has been recognized as the best renal replacement therapy option for people with end stage renal disease. With an estimated 170,000 people waiting for a kidney transplant around the world and a limited supply of donor organs, the waiting time is often prolonged for many years. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review was to examine the existing evidence of patients' experiences of living on dialysis and waiting for a renal transplant from a deceased donor.
Alloantibody can be a major barrier to successful organ transplantation; however, therapy to control antibody production or to alter its impact on the allograft remains limited. The goal of this review is to examine the regulatory steps that are involved in the generation of alloreactive B cells, with a specific emphasis on how known mechanisms relate to clinical situations in transplant recipients. Thus, we will examine the process of activation of mature, naÔve B cells and how this relates to de novo antibody production.
Gout affects more than 1% of adults in the USA, and it is the most common form of inflammatory arthritis among men. Accumulating data support an increase in the prevalence of gout that is potentially attributable to recent shifts in diet and lifestyle, improved medical care, and increased longevity. There are both nonmodifiable and modifiable risk factors for hyperuricemia and gout. Nonmodifiable risk factors include age and sex.
BACKGROUND: Hemodialysis (HD) in infants is usually used when peritoneal dialysis (PD) has failed. We describe our experience with HD, outlining the morbidity, complications, and outcomes for infants weighing less than 10†kg managed with HD for more than 6†months over a 10-year period. METHODS: A retrospective review of the clinical notes was conducted to collect demographic information, anthropometric data, dietary history, site and form of vascular access, details of HD prescription, complications, and outcomes.
Nefrologia: Publicacion Oficial De La Sociedad Espanola Nefrologia
INTRODUCTION: Dispositional optimism is a personal resource that determines the coping style and adaptive response to chronic diseases. The aim of this study was to assess the correlations between dispositional optimism and coping strategies in patients with recent kidney transplantation and evaluate the differences in the use of coping strategies in accordance with the level of dispositional optimism. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Patients who were hospitalised in the nephrology department were selected consecutively after kidney transplantation was performed.
The article presents different aspects of the connection between human heart and kidneys. This connection is evident in the symbolism of the Old Testament of the Bible, organ donation as the manifestation of the love of our neighbor, endocrinological and sexual dysfunction, and finally in searching for biological determinants of finer feelings. In the Old Testament tradition kidneys were thought to be human spirit's dwelling. Moreover, the simultaneous studying of kidneys and heart meant profound understanding of the matter.
Emotionally-related live organ donation is different from almost all other medical treatments in that a family member or, in some countries, a friend contributes with an organ or parts of an organ to the recipient. Furthermore, there is a long-acknowledged but not well-understood gender-imbalance in emotionally-related live kidney donation. This article argues for the benefit of the concept of just love as an analytic tool in the analysis of emotionally-related live organ donation where the potential donor(s) and the recipient are engaged in a love relation.
American Journal of Transplantation: Official Journal of the American Society of Transplantation and the American Society of Transplant Surgeons
Due to lengthening waiting lists for kidney transplantation, a debate has emerged as to whether financial incentives should be used to stimulate living kidney donation. In recent surveys among the general public approximately 25% was in favor of financial incentives while the majority was opposed or undecided. In the present study, we investigated the opinion of living kidney donors regarding financial incentives for living kidney donation. We asked 250 living kidney donors whether they, in retrospect, would have wanted a financial reward for their donation.
BACKGROUND: The literature indicates few studies on kidney patients' perception of the donor kidney. In light of this fact, we decided to explore this issue with adult patients. METHODS: We carried out a phenomenological study with 40 adult kidney patients. RESULTS: In this study, three main themes became apparent: the savior, gratitude, and feelings of intense responsibility for the kidney.