Knee Injuries

Publication Title: 
Der Unfallchirurg

Tendinopathy in the region of the knee joint is a common pathological disorder. People active in sports, in particular, have a high probability of suffering from tendinopathy. Despite its high clinical relevance, the level of evidence of therapy options for tendinopathy in the knee region differs greatly. This review gives an overview of current evidence levels for therapy options in tendinopathy of the quadriceps, patellar and pes anserinus insertion tendons as well as of the distal iliotibial tract tendon.

Author(s): 
Horstmann, H.
Clausen, J. D.
Krettek, C.
Weber-Spickschen, T. S.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
Author(s): 
Reading, H. E.
Publication Title: 
Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne De Psychiatrie

When no other psychotherapy or pharmacotherapy could prevent debilitation or institutionalization consequent to longstanding frequent repeated maladaptive behaviour, hypnosis has been observed to be effective in suitable patients. A documentation, three cases of such chronic severe behaviour which have been encountered by the author are described; each had been regarded as hopelessly unmanageable by the primary physician at the time of referral for hypnotherapy.

Author(s): 
Swartz, C.
Publication Title: 
Singapore Medical Journal

Post-traumatic severe patella infera and intra-articular adhesion may lead to a severe knee stiffness. We report a 29-year-old man, a muslim prayer leader, who had a previous knee injury. He presented with knee movement from ten degrees to 30 degrees, patellar infera with a length of patella to length of patellar tendon ratio of 2:5, and severe knee arthrofibrosis. He underwent incision of the patella ligament and open arthrofibrosis release, leaving a tendon gap and skin defect of 5 cm. Reconstruction was successfully done using a free vascularised composite tensor fascia lata flap.

Author(s): 
Sulaiman, A. R.
Halim, A. S.
Azman, W. S.
Eskandar, H.
Publication Title: 
Vestnik Khirurgii Imeni I. I. Grekova

178 patients with various ligamental injuries were treated according to the technique elaborated at the Institute. To restore ligaments preserved tendon homografts from the long fibular tendon with a remained terminal bone fragment were employed. The techniques of Gay-Growth-Smith and Sitenko underlie the methods of tendinoplasty applied. Following the operation therapeutic exercises, using water basin, massage, mechanotherapy and different kinds of physical therapy were employed differentially. Good results were obtained in a vast majority of patients (91.6%).

Author(s): 
Eretskaia, M. F.
Zhukov, P. P.
Bulatova, O. N.
Roskov, R. V.
Iur'ev, P. V.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Sports Medicine

Twenty-five patients, aged between 15 and 45 years old, who were athletically active, presented with jumper's knee (patellar tendinitis). By use of ultrasonographic examination, new and precise information was obtained that benefited the diagnosis, choice of treatment, and monitoring of the evolution of jumper's knee in our patients. In 18 of the 25 patients, only 1 knee was affected; in 7 of the patients, both knees were affected, thus making a total of 32 painful tendons.

Author(s): 
Fritschy, D.
de Gautard, R.
Publication Title: 
Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ Der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin

Jumper's knee has been defined as painful chronic overuse injury of the extensor mechanism of the knee joint. The disease has a high incidence in jumping sports and depends on training frequency and level of performance. Its natural course is protracted, repetitive, and often bilaterally occurring.

Author(s): 
Tibesku, C. O.
Pässler, H. H.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery (Hong Kong)

We report a case of isolated rupture of the lateral collateral ligament (LCL) of the knee while attempting to place the left foot behind the head during yoga practice. The 34-year-old man had discomfort of the lateral aspect of the knee particularly with varus strain. A magnetic resonance image revealed rupture of the LCL at the insertion onto the fibula. The patient had grade-II laxity of the LCL and was treated non-operatively. At the 12-month follow-up, grade-I laxity of the LCL remained clinically evident, but function was not impaired.

Author(s): 
Patel, S. C.
Parker, D. A.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Sports Medicine

This study examines the specialty background, relative activity, role, and cost of care among physicians treating high school football injuries in six western states. There were 1,000 injuries (in 1,000 players) in the 1980 football season. Among the players, 30.7 and 17.9% were treated solely by general practitioners and emergency room physicians, respectively. Orthopedic surgeons exclusively managed 17.1% of players, and 6.8% were seen initially by the emergency room physician and referred to an orthopedic surgeon. Osteopaths solely treated 6.4% of players.

Author(s): 
Pritchett, J. W.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

OBJECTIVE: To present the first reported case of successful chiropractic intervention in treatment of a torn medial meniscus of the knee, the meniscal tear being documented by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). CLINICAL FEATURES: A 54-yr-old woman complaining of right knee pain of several months' duration with accompanying marked functional impairment was diagnosed as having a tear in the posterior horn of the ipsilateral medial meniscus, verified by MRI studies of the same.

Author(s): 
Polkinghorn, B. S.

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