Kyphosis

Publication Title: 
Medicina Nei Secoli

Don Carlo dei Medici (1595-1666) is the son of Ferdinando I (1549-1609), Granduca of Tuscany, and becomes Cardinal of Catholic Roman Church in 1615. In 1604 Fabrizio d'Acquapendente is called in Florence to treat him, because of an aggravation of his health, and of his congenital neck's gibbosity. The recent paleopathological researches have diagnosed his congenital cervical gibbosity as effect of the Klippel-Feil's syndrome, and characteristic lesions of tubercolosis.

Author(s): 
Marinozzi, Silvia
Aruta, Alessandro
Publication Title: 
Journal of the American Geriatrics Society

OBJECTIVES: To assess whether a specifically designed yoga intervention can reduce hyperkyphosis. DESIGN: A 6-month, two-group, randomized, controlled, single-masked trial. SETTING: Community research unit. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred eighteen women and men aged 60 and older with a kyphosis angle of 40 degrees or greater. Major exclusions were serious medical comorbidity, use of assistive device, inability to hear or see adequately for participation, and inability to pass a physical safety screen.

Author(s): 
Greendale, Gail A.
Huang, Mei-Hua
Karlamangla, Arun S.
Seeger, Leanne
Crawford, Sybil
Publication Title: 
PloS One

BACKGROUND: Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is the most common, lethal disease of childhood. One of 3500 new-born males suffers from this universally-lethal disease. Other than the use of corticosteroids, little is available to affect the relentless progress of the disease, leading many families to use dietary supplements in hopes of reducing the progression or severity of muscle wasting. Arginine is commonly used as a dietary supplement and its use has been reported to have beneficial effects following short-term administration to mdx mice, a genetic model of DMD.

Author(s): 
Wehling-Henricks, Michelle
Jordan, Maria C.
Gotoh, Tomomi
Grody, Wayne W.
Roos, Kenneth P.
Tidball, James G.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

Cervical curve depth (CCD) was radiographically evaluated in 35 patients who presented with cervical hypolordosis or kyphosis (CH/K). Of these, one group of 20 patients received chiropractic manipulative therapy (CMT) for the purpose of correcting the disorder. A second group of nine patients received both CMT and an orthopedic cervical pillow for in home correction of the CH/K. A control group of six patients received CMT which was not intended to correct the CH/K. The purpose of the study was to determine the efficacy of CMT in the correction of CH/K.

Author(s): 
Leach, R. A.
Publication Title: 
Women & Health

The most common form of scoliosis (lateral curvature of the spine) is adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). The prevalence of AIS is 10-20 individuals per 1,000 population screened. Progressive AIS affects females more frequently than males. Only 1-2 per 1,000 individuals have progressive AIS and need brace or surgical treatment. Early screening programs for scoliosis and other spinal deformities are instituted in schools in the fifth to ninth grades to achieve early detection of progressive AIS.

Author(s): 
Emans, J. B.
Publication Title: 
Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie Und Ihre Grenzgebiete

Owing to joint mechanics, movement of the atlas alone, as envisioned in HIO diagnosis for producing a superior or inferior position, is not possible when the tranverse ligament is intact, since an atlas movement of this kind would necessitate a change in the statics of the dens amounting to kyphosis or lordosis. Only in the superior or inferior position, as defined by Decking and ter Steege, is there a true malposition of the atlas as a result of atlas movement, and this is only possible if the dens assumes a lordotic or kyphotic position.

Author(s): 
Kamieth, H.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

OBJECTIVE: Two cases are discussed to illustrate two different presentations, progressions and treatments of Scheuermann's juvenile kyphosis. CLINICAL FEATURES: In one case, a 13-yr-old boy suffered from a 2-yr history of lower back pain. Radiographs demonstrated irregularity of the upper lumbar vertebral endplates, associated with Schmorl's nodes. The second case is one of a 14-yr-old boy who was seen in an orthopedic outpatient clinic. Radiographs revealed wedging of the anterior border of T6, T7, and T8 vertebrae with a thoracic spine kyphotic deformity measuring 72 degrees.

Author(s): 
Lemire, J. J.
Mierau, D. R.
Crawford, C. M.
Dzus, A. K.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

OBJECTIVE: Traditional forms of chiropractic treatment methods have attempted to restore alignment of vertebrae to proposed "normal" positions. Although this approach has existed throughout chiropractic's 100-yr history, little has been written in the scientific literature in support of this approach. The objective of this review is to study further the rationale behind this approach and evaluate some of the mechanical, anatomical and physiological evidence upon which this chiropractic approach is based.

Author(s): 
Harrison, D. D.
Troyanovich, S. J.
Harrison, D. E.
Janik, T. J.
Murphy, D. J.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the accuracy of anatomical assumptions made to derive a geometrical, ideal, normal model of the upright, static, sagittal cervical spine, to make comparisons with other spinal models and to discuss the implications of a normal cervical model. BACKGROUND: Anatomical assumptions were made based on observations to assist in the development of a computerized geometrical model of the ideal upright, static, sagittal cervical spine.

Author(s): 
Harrison, D. D.
Janik, T. J.
Troyanovich, S. J.
Harrison, D. E.
Colloca, C. J.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

OBJECTIVE: To develop a new sitting spinal model and an optimal driver's seat by using review of the literature of seated positions of the head. spine, pelvis, and lower extremities. DATA SELECTION: Searches included MEDLINE for scientific journals, engineering standards, and textbooks. Key terms included sitting ergonomics, sitting posture, spine model, seat design, sitting lordosis, sitting electromyography, seated vibration, and sitting and biomechanics.

Author(s): 
Harrison, D. D.
Harrison, S. O.
Croft, A. C.
Harrison, D. E.
Troyanovich, S. J.

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