Labor, Obstetric

Publication Title: 
American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to systematically review the literature for, and critically appraise, randomized controlled trials of any type of complementary and alternative therapies for labor pain. STUDY DESIGN: Six electronic databases were searched from their inception until July 2003. The inclusion criteria were that they were prospective, randomized controlled trials, involved healthy pregnant women at term, and contained outcome measures of labor pain. RESULTS: Our search strategy found 18 trials. Six of these did not meet our inclusion criteria.

Author(s): 
Huntley, Alyson L.
Coon, Joanna Thompson
Ernst, Edzard
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: This review is one in a series of Cochrane Reviews investigating pain management for childbirth. These reviews all contribute to an overview of systematic reviews of pain management for women in labour, and share a generic protocol. We examined the current evidence regarding the use of hypnosis for pain management during labour and childbirth. This review updates the findings regarding hypnosis from an earlier review of complementary and alternative therapies for pain management in labour into a stand-alone review.

Author(s): 
Madden, Kelly
Middleton, Philippa
Cyna, Allan M.
Matthewson, Mandy
Jones, Leanne
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: This review is one in a series of Cochrane reviews investigating pain management for childbirth. These reviews all contribute to an overview of systematic reviews of pain management for women in labour, and share a generic protocol. This review updates an earlier version of the review of the same title. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effectiveness and safety of hypnosis for pain management during labour and childbirth.

Author(s): 
Madden, Kelly
Middleton, Philippa
Cyna, Allan M.
Matthewson, Mandy
Jones, Leanne
Publication Title: 
American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to systematically review the literature for, and critically appraise, randomized controlled trials of any type of complementary and alternative therapies for labor pain. STUDY DESIGN: Six electronic databases were searched from their inception until July 2003. The inclusion criteria were that they were prospective, randomized controlled trials, involved healthy pregnant women at term, and contained outcome measures of labor pain. RESULTS: Our search strategy found 18 trials. Six of these did not meet our inclusion criteria.

Author(s): 
Huntley, Alyson L.
Coon, Joanna Thompson
Ernst, Edzard
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Transcutaneous nerve stimulation (TENS) has been proposed as a means of reducing pain in labour. The TENS unit emits low-voltage electrical impulses which vary in frequency and intensity. During labour, TENS electrodes are generally placed on the lower back, although TENS may be used to stimulate acupuncture points or other parts of the body. The physiological mechanisms whereby TENS relieves pain are uncertain. The TENS unit is frequently operated by women, which may increase sense of control in labour. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of TENS on pain in labour.

Author(s): 
Dowswell, Therese
Bedwell, Carol
Lavender, Tina
Neilson, James P.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to review the existing scientific evidence on the potential role of acupuncture on induction of labor during pregnancy. DESIGN: The Medline, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, AMED (Allied and Complementary Medicine), and NCCAM (The National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine) databases were searched to identify relevant monographs from 1970 to 2008.

Author(s): 
Lim, Chi Eung Danforn
Wilkinson, Jenny M.
Wong, Wu Shun Felix
Cheng, Nga Chong Lisa
Publication Title: 
Midwifery

OBJECTIVE: to assess the effects of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) for pain relief in labour. SEARCH METHODS: studies were identified from a search of the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group's Trials Register (November 2008). SELECTION CRITERIA: randomised controlled trials comparing women receiving TENS for pain relief in labour vs routine care or placebo devices. All types of TENS machines were included.

Author(s): 
Bedwell, Carol
Dowswell, Therese
Neilson, James P.
Lavender, Tina
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Transcutaneous nerve stimulation (TENS) has been proposed as a means of reducing pain in labour. The TENS unit emits low-voltage electrical impulses which vary in frequency and intensity. During labour, TENS electrodes are generally placed on the lower back, although TENS may be used to stimulate acupuncture points or other parts of the body. The physiological mechanisms whereby TENS relieves pain are uncertain. The TENS unit is frequently operated by women, which may increase sense of control in labour. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of TENS on pain in labour.

Author(s): 
Dowswell, Therese
Bedwell, Carol
Lavender, Tina
Neilson, James P.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to review the existing scientific evidence on the potential role of acupuncture on induction of labor during pregnancy. DESIGN: The Medline, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, AMED (Allied and Complementary Medicine), and NCCAM (The National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine) databases were searched to identify relevant monographs from 1970 to 2008.

Author(s): 
Lim, Chi Eung Danforn
Wilkinson, Jenny M.
Wong, Wu Shun Felix
Cheng, Nga Chong Lisa
Publication Title: 
Midwifery

OBJECTIVE: to assess the effects of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) for pain relief in labour. SEARCH METHODS: studies were identified from a search of the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group's Trials Register (November 2008). SELECTION CRITERIA: randomised controlled trials comparing women receiving TENS for pain relief in labour vs routine care or placebo devices. All types of TENS machines were included.

Author(s): 
Bedwell, Carol
Dowswell, Therese
Neilson, James P.
Lavender, Tina

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