Learning Disorders

Publication Title: 
International Journal of Yoga Therapy

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this research was to examine the evidence for delivering yoga-based interventions in schools. METHODS: An electronic literature search was conducted to identify peer-reviewed, published studies in which yoga and a meditative component (breathing practices or meditation) were taught to youths in a school setting. Pilot studies, single cohort, quasi-experimental, and randomized clinical trials were considered. RESEARCH: quality was evaluated and summarized. RESULTS: Twelve published studies were identified.

Author(s): 
Serwacki, Michelle L.
Cook-Cottone, Catherine
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Yoga Therapy

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this research was to examine the evidence for delivering yoga-based interventions in schools. METHODS: An electronic literature search was conducted to identify peer-reviewed, published studies in which yoga and a meditative component (breathing practices or meditation) were taught to youths in a school setting. Pilot studies, single cohort, quasi-experimental, and randomized clinical trials were considered. RESEARCH: quality was evaluated and summarized. RESULTS: Twelve published studies were identified.

Author(s): 
Serwacki, Michelle L.
Cook-Cottone, Catherine
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Outwardly-directed aggressive behaviour is a significant part of problem behaviours presented by people with intellectual disabilities. Prevalence rates of up to 50% have been reported in the literature, depending on the population sampled. Such behaviours often run a long-term course and are a major cause of social exclusion. This is an update of a previously published systematic review (see Hassiotis 2004; Hassiotis 2008).

Author(s): 
Ali, Afia
Hall, Ian
Blickwedel, Jessica
Hassiotis, Angela
Publication Title: 
Neurobiology of Aging

A number of neurological diseases are caused by mutations of RNA metabolism-related genes. A complicating issue is that whether under- or overfunction of such genes is responsible for the phenotype. Polyglutamine tract binding protein-1, a causative gene for X-linked mental retardation, is also involved in RNA metabolism, and both mutation and duplication of the gene were reported in human patients. In this study, we first report a novel phenotype of dPQBP1 (drosophila homolog of Polyglutamine tract binding protein-1)-mutant flies, lifespan shortening.

Author(s): 
Tamura, Takuya
Sone, Masaki
Nakamura, Yoko
Shimamura, Teppei
Imoto, Seiya
Miyano, Satoru
Okazawa, Hitoshi
Publication Title: 
Child Development

Locus of control and generosity were investigated in 3 groups of children varying in academic achievement, namely, the learning disabled, normal achieving, and gifted. 34 9- and 10-year-old males were administered in dividually the shortened Nowicki-Strickland Locus of Control Scale and a donation task. An analysis of covariance and subsequent t tests for adjusted means revealed significant differences between all the groups, with learning disabled the most, and gifted the least, externally oriented.

Author(s): 
Fincham, F.
Barling, J.
Publication Title: 
Adolescence

The present study explored adolescents' ethical self-images and related behavioral decisions. Data were collected from two groups of adolescent girls (N = 49) using an open-ended survey. One group attended a public high school for gifted students and the other group attended an alternative public high school. The results indicate that goodness is connected with altruism, adherence to external standards, or self-beneficial actions. Alternatively, badness is associated with going against social norms, harming others, or violating inner values.

Author(s): 
Nelson, Amanda K.
Buchholz, Ester Schaler
Publication Title: 
Sociology of Health & Illness

Contemporary transitions in the delivery of health and social care are a global phenomenon. They prompt a particular need to reconsider how quality in relation to professional practice should be understood and whether greater importance should be attached to values such as goodwill, altruism and commitment. Based on a qualitative study of a small voluntary sector organisation in the North of England, this paper addresses how changes in policy articulate with the identities of professionals who work in learning disability services.

Author(s): 
Fisher, Pamela
Byrne, Victoria
Publication Title: 
Global Journal of Health Science

INTRODUCTION-AIM: The concept of nursing care in learning disability community settings has not been investigated in Greece. The aim of this paper is to investigate how nurses working in learning disability community settings perceive the meaning of nursing care. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The sample consisted of 100 nurses and nursing assistants working in a social care hospice.

Author(s): 
Fotiadou, Elpida
Malliarou, Maria
Zetta, Stella
Gouva, Mary
Kotrotsiou, Evaggelia
Publication Title: 
Minerva Medica
Author(s): 
Wollman, L.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Clinical Psychology

Explored the impact of group hypnotic and self-hypnotic training on the academic performance and self-esteem of learning disabled (LD) children. Three hypnotic training sessions and instructions for 6 weeks of daily self-hypnotic practice that contained suggestions for imagery related to improvement in these areas were given to 15 children (12 males and 3 females, ages from 7 to 13), their reading teacher, and both their parents, and their responses were compared to a similar but untreated control group of 18. No overall differences were observed between groups.

Author(s): 
Johnson, L. S.
Johnson, D. L.
Olson, M. R.
Newman, J. P.

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