Liability, Legal

Publication Title: 
Journal of Law and Medicine

The 2010 report of the United Kingdom Science and Technology Committee of the House of Commons and the 2015 report of the Australian National Health and Medical Research Council have overtaken in significance the uncritical Swiss report of 2012 and have gone a long way to changing the environment of tolerance toward proselytising claims of efficacy in respect of homeopathy. The inquiry being undertaken in the United States by the Food and Drug Administration during 2015 may accelerate this trend.

Author(s): 
Freckelton, Ian
Publication Title: 
Pediatrics

Although research on complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies is still limited, systematic reviews have revealed sufficient evidence to conclude that CAM can be effective for certain conditions. In this article we discuss clinicians' responsibilities to inform parents/patients about CAM alternatives and use the example of acupuncture for chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting. Chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting remain significant adverse effects of cancer therapy, and some patients cannot find relief with standard therapies.

Author(s): 
Gilmour, Joan
Harrison, Christine
Asadi, Leyla
Cohen, Michael H.
Vohra, Sunita
Publication Title: 
Physical Therapy

BACKGROUND: Low back pain is often accepted as a "normal" part of pregnancy. Despite research suggesting that quality of life for women who are pregnant is adversely affected, most are advised to self-manage. Although the use of acupuncture for the management of persistent nonspecific low back pain has been recommended in recent UK national guidelines, its use in the management of pregnancy-related low back pain remains limited.

Author(s): 
Waterfield, Jackie
Bartlam, Bernadette
Bishop, Annette
Holden, Melanie A.
Barlas, Panos
Foster, Nadine E.
Publication Title: 
University of Pittsburgh Law Review. University of Pittsburgh. School of Law

Oregon's Death with Dignity Act was first passed by a ballot initiative in 1994, but numerous judicial challenges delayed implementation of the Act. In November of 1997, following the United States Supreme Court decisions in Vacco v. Quill and Washington v. Glucksberg, which left the states' power to regulate physician-assisted suicide undisturbed, the Oregon voters upheld their law. Oregon remains the only state in the nation to authorize physician-assisted suicide.

Author(s): 
O'Brien, C. N.
Madek, G. A.
Ferrera, G. R.
Publication Title: 
Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic

The causes of therapist-patient sex are complex and multidetermined. Efforts to understand why psychotherapists transgress sexual boundaries are hampered by the lure of reductionism and oversimplification. Most of those who examine this issue would prefer to categorize all such therapists as "bad" and "corrupt" as a way of distancing themselves and disavowing any similarities between these therapists and themselves.

Author(s): 
Gabbard, G. O.
Publication Title: 
Modern Healthcare

Who are these healthcare whistleblowers, and what motivates them? Some observers say it's a resolve to do the right thing when no one else will act, while others say greed and revenge are the driving forces. We profile three whistleblowers and show how their actions have affected their lives and the healthcare industry.

Author(s): 
Taylor, M.
Publication Title: 
Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists

OBJECTIVES: This pilot study investigates the psychological impact on doctors of a complaint to the New South Wales Health Care Complaints Commission and the doctor's perception of legal risk. METHOD: Doctors who received a complaint were sent a set of questionnaires embracing psychological variables and their perceptions of legal risk. RESULTS: The response rate was 60%. Thirty-eight per cent of respondents met screening criteria for psychiatric disorder. There was, however, minimal functional impairment of work, social or family life.

Author(s): 
Nash, Louise
Curtis, Bradley
Walton, Merrilyn
Willcock, Simon
Tennant, Christopher
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics: A Journal of the American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics

Both international and federal regulations exist to ensure that scientists perform research on human subjects in an environment free of coercion and in which the benefits of the research are commensurate with the risks involved. Ensuring that these conditions hold is difficult, and perhaps even more so when protocols include the issue of monetary compensation of research subjects.

Author(s): 
VanderWalde, Ari
Kurzban, Seth
Publication Title: 
Annales Médico-Psychologiques
Author(s): 
Bénézech, M.
Publication Title: 
The Bulletin of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law

Dissociative identity disorder (multiple personality) is increasingly diagnosed, often follows childhood trauma, and is characterized by rigidification of phenomena that resemble hypnosis.

Author(s): 
Beahrs, J. O.

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