Licensure, Medical

Publication Title: 
Forschende Komplementarmedizin (2006)

BACKGROUND: The demand for complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) treatment in the European Union (EU) has led to an increase in the various CAM interventions available to the public. Our aim was to describe the CAM services available from both registered medical practitioners and registered non-medical practitioners.

Author(s): 
von Ammon, Klaus
Frei-Erb, Martin
Cardini, Francesco
Daig, Ute
Dragan, Simona
Hegyi, Gabriella
Roberti di Sarsina, Paolo
Sörensen, Jan
Lewith, George
Publication Title: 
Forschende Komplementärmedizin (2006)

BACKGROUND: The demand for complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) treatment in the European Union (EU) has led to an increase in the various CAM interventions available to the public. Our aim was to describe the CAM services available from both registered medical practitioners and registered non-medical practitioners.

Author(s): 
von Ammon, Klaus
Frei-Erb, Martin
Cardini, Francesco
Daig, Ute
Dragan, Simona
Hegyi, Gabriella
Roberti di Sarsina, Paolo
Sörensen, Jan
Lewith, George
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) pattern diagnosis and acupuncture point selection for persons with frequent headache, as ascribed by three highly trained, licensed acupuncturists. METHODS: Thirty-seven (37) study participants with frequent headaches were independently evaluated by three licensed acupuncturists trained in TCM. The acupuncturists identified the meridians and type of dysfunction they believed were contributing to study participants' symptoms.

Author(s): 
Coeytaux, Remy R.
Chen, Wunian
Lindemuth, Catherine E.
Tan, Yanmin
Reilly, Aimee C.
Publication Title: 
Yale Journal of Health Policy, Law, and Ethics

This Article examines Americans' enduring demand for freedom of therapeutic choice as a popular constitutional movement originating in the United States' early years. In exploring extrajudicial advocacy for therapeutic choice between the American Revolution and the Civil War, this piece illustrates how multiple concepts of freedom in addition to bodily freedom bolstered the concept of a constitutional right to medical liberty. There is a deep current of belief in the United States that people have a right to choose their preferred treatments without government interference.

Author(s): 
Grossman, Lewis A.
Publication Title: 
Forschende Komplementärmedizin (2006)

BACKGROUND: The demand for complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) treatment in the European Union (EU) has led to an increase in the various CAM interventions available to the public. Our aim was to describe the CAM services available from both registered medical practitioners and registered non-medical practitioners.

Author(s): 
von Ammon, Klaus
Frei-Erb, Martin
Cardini, Francesco
Daig, Ute
Dragan, Simona
Hegyi, Gabriella
Roberti di Sarsina, Paolo
Sörensen, Jan
Lewith, George
Publication Title: 
Chiropractic History: The Archives and Journal of the Association for the History of Chiropractic

In California from 1907-1925 two writs of quo warranto were filed against the first two chiropractic boards. Thirteen of the fifty original medical practice acts and at least eleven original chiropractic acts contained an eligibility requirement for first appointed board members, a stipulated pre-practice period. Twenty-three of these combined boards suffered no legal challenges by practicing colleagues, the attorney general or the courts, for what appeared to be unlicensed practice. Only in California were the first two boards so challenged.

Author(s): 
Jackson, R. B.
Jackson, T. J.
Publication Title: 
Chiropractic History: The Archives and Journal of the Association for the History of Chiropractic

In Ohio in 1915, the Platt-Ellis Law was enacted, a compromise between medical and chiropractic forces that defined chiropractic as a "limited branch of medicine or surgery." Practitioners of chiropractic, naprapathy, spondylotherapy, mechanotherapy, magnetic healing, and other "minor" healing arts excluding osteopathy and midwifery were all examined by the State Medical Board. The two disparate definitions created six decades of turmoil for chiropractic in Ohio.

Author(s): 
Callender, A.
Publication Title: 
Chiropractic History: The Archives and Journal of the Association for the History of Chiropractic

During the dawning years of the chiropractic profession, many of our brethren ventured forth to the fertile land of California to establish thriving practices and schools. These early pioneers practiced outside the laws of California, and many became subject to persecution by the authorities. With these persecutions came counter-attacks which shaped the future battles to be waged. Some of these counter-attacks were successful; most were not. These early laws and challenges influence our practice rights through the present and will continue to do so. C.D.

Author(s): 
Smith, B. A.
Publication Title: 
Chiropractic History: The Archives and Journal of the Association for the History of Chiropractic

These days, chiropractic is progressing worldwide as a recognized health discipline. Most of today's chiropractors, however, have graduated in the last fifteen years. Do they recognize the principle that one must know one's past in order to form one's future? Do they know what it took, what sacrifices that were made in order for them to become members of a respected health profession? This paper is an attempt to demonstrate the character of one of the pioneers who laid down the fundament of today's chiropractic.

Author(s): 
Myhrvold, K.
Publication Title: 
Chiropractic History: The Archives and Journal of the Association for the History of Chiropractic

The purpose of this paper is to illustrate the legal frustration of the early practice life during the late 1920s and 1930s in Ohio of Arthur William Lensgraf, D.C., a rank-and-file practicing Palmer graduate who, early on in his career, was an ardent supporter of B.J. Palmer and "the good ole P.S.C." At this time, B.J.'s influence on the profession was at an all time high; and he did not refrain from exerting it in Ohio.

Author(s): 
Lensgraf, A. G.

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