Life

Publication Title: 
Aging

Centenarians have been reported to share particular personality traits including low neuroticism and high extraversion and conscientiousness. Since these traits have moderate to high heritability and are associated with various health outcomes, personality appears linked to bio-genetic mechanisms which may contribute to exceptional longevity.

Author(s): 
Kato, Kaori
Zweig, Richard
Barzilai, Nir
Atzmon, Gil
Publication Title: 
Nihon Aruk?ru Yakubutsu Igakkai Zasshi = Japanese Journal of Alcohol Studies & Drug Dependence
Author(s): 
Sato, Nobuhiro
Publication Title: 
Philosophy & Public Affairs
Author(s): 
Ross, Steven L.
Publication Title: 
Bioethics

In Life's Dominion Dworkin aims at defusing the controversy about abortion and euthanasia by redefining its terms. Basically it is not a dispute about the right to life, but about its value. Liberals should grant that human life has not only a personal, but also an intrinsic value; conservatives should accept the principle of toleration which requires to let people decide for themselves about matters of intrinsic value.

Author(s): 
Den Hartogh, Govert
Publication Title: 
Omega

The objectives of the current investigation were threefold: a) to explore the gender differences on love of life (a new construct in the well-being domain) and death distress (death anxiety, death depression, and death obsession); b) to explore the relationship between the scales of these constructs; and c) to examine the factorial structure of these scales. The sample was 245 volunteer Kuwaiti college students (53.5% women). Their mean age was 21.9 (SD = 2.3).

Author(s): 
Abdel-Khalek, Ahmed M.
Publication Title: 
Eating Disorders

Volumes have been written speculating how therapy expands the lives of clients. Far less is understood about the impact of doing clinical work on the therapist's own life. In the process of the therapeutic journey, not only do clients contact buried grief, but therapists too, inevitably revisit their own buried darkness, offering them ongoing opportunities for growth and renewal.

Author(s): 
Rabinor, Judith Ruskay
Publication Title: 
Artificial Life

As part of our research on programmed self-decomposition, we formed the hypothesis that originally immortal terrestrial organisms evolve into ones that are programmed for autonomous death. We then conducted evolutionary simulation experiments in which we examined this hypothesis using an artificial ecosystem that we designed to resemble a terrestrial ecosystem endowed with artificial chemistry.

Author(s): 
Oohashi, Tsutomu
Maekawa, Tadao
Ueno, Osamu
Kawai, Norie
Nishina, Emi
Honda, Manabu
Publication Title: 
The Western Journal of Medicine
Author(s): 
Christensen, J. B.
Publication Title: 
Reviews in the Neurosciences

We demonstrate brain locations appearing to correlate with consciousness, but not being directly responsible for it. Technology reveals that brain activity is associated with consciousness but is not equivalent to it. We examine how consciousness occurs at critical levels of complexity. Conventional explanations portray consciousness as an emergent property of classical computer-like activities in the brain's neural networks.

Author(s): 
Leisman, Gerry
Koch, Paul
Publication Title: 
Physics of Life Reviews

The constructal law accounts for the universal phenomenon of generation and evolution of design (configuration, shape, structure, pattern, rhythm). This phenomenon is observed across the board, in animate, inanimate and human systems. The constructal law states the time direction of the evolutionary design phenomenon. It defines the concept of design evolution in physics. Along with the first and second law, the constructal law elevates thermodynamics to a science of systems with configuration.

Author(s): 
Bejan, Adrian
Lorente, Sylvie

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