The present study investigated the anti-ageing activity of sesamin and its effect on gene expression of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), methuselah (Mth) and Rpn11 in Drosophila melanogaster. Results demonstrated that 0.2†% sesamin in diet prolonged the mean lifespan of OR wild fruit flies by 12†%, accompanied by up-regulation of SOD1, SOD2, CAT and Rpn11. Sesamin at 0.2†% in diet also attenuated paraquat-induced neurodegeneration with up-regulation of SOD1, SOD2 and Rpn11 in OR wild fruit flies.
Sesamum (Sesamum indicum) seed and its oil have been in use in Indian traditional medicine, 'Ayurveda' since antiquity. However, there has been no attempt to standardize the polyherbal formulations containing sesamum oil as the main ingredient in terms of its active principle or marker compound. Biologically active lignans in sesamum oil are identified as the marker compound for the oil and its formulations.
Estrogens produce biological effects by interacting with two estrogen receptors, ERalpha and ERbeta. Drugs that selectively target ERalpha or ERbeta might be safer for conditions that have been traditionally treated with non-selective estrogens. Several synthetic and natural ERbeta-selective compounds have been identified. One class of ERbeta-selective agonists is represented by ERB-041 (WAY-202041) which binds to ERbeta much greater than ERalpha.
Cancer is a leading cause of death worldwide, and the numbers of new cancer cases are expected to continue to rise. The main goals of cancer therapy include removing the primary tumor, preventing the spread of distant metastases, and improving survival and quality of life for the patients. To attain these goals of cancer therapy, the combination of different chemotherapeutics, as opposed to the conventional single-agent treatment, is an emerging area of research.
Chronic airway inflammation is a hallmark of asthma, an immune-based disease with great societal impact. Honokiol (HNK), a phenolic neurotransmitter receptor (γ-aminobutyric acid type A) agonist purified from magnolia, has anti-inflammatory properties, including stabilization of inflammation in experimentally induced arthritis. The present study tested the prediction that HNK could inhibit the chronic inflammatory component of allergic asthma.
A new labdane-diterpene, viteagnusin I (1), together with 23 known phytoconstituents were isolated from the fruits of Vitex agnus-castus L, and their structures characterized by spectroscopic methods (NMR and MS). The known compounds include ten flavonoids, five terpenoids, three neolignans, and four phenolic compounds, as well as one glyceride. Biological evaluation identified apigenin, 3-methylkaempferol, luteolin, and casticin as weak ligands of delta and mu opioid receptors, exhibiting dose-dependent receptor binding.
Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
This study examined the effect of schisandrin, one of the major lignans isolated from Schisandra chinensis, on spontaneous contraction in rat colon and its possible mechanisms. Schisandrin produced a concentration-dependent inhibition (EC₅₀=1.66 μM) on the colonic spontaneous contraction.
BACKGROUND: The bark of magnolia has been used in Oriental medicine to treat a variety of remedies, including some neurological disorders. Magnolol (Mag) and honokiol (Hon) are isomers of polyphenolic compounds from the bark of Magnolia officinalis, and have been identified as major active components exhibiting anti-oxidative, anti-inflammatory, and neuroprotective effects.
Five lignans, phillyrin (1), pinoresinol-beta-D-glucoside (2), pinoresinol di-beta-D-glucoside (3), phillyrin-2-O-beta-D-glucoside (6), phillyrin-6-O-beta-D-glucoside (7), and three secoiridoids, oleuropein (4), ligustroside (5) and angustifolioside B (8), have been isolated from the root bark of Chionanthus virginicus L. (Oleaceae), a raw material used in the commercial preparation of homeopathy tinctures. Compound 6 is a new lignan, and compounds 2, 3, 4, 5, 7 and 8 are described for the first time in the title plant.
Schisandra propinqua (Wall.) Baill.(Schisandraceae) is widely used as a Chinese folk medicine. In this study, activity-guided fractionation of the ethanol extract from the stem of Schisandra propinqua led to the isolation of four extracts. Subsequently, a neolignan 4,4-di(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenly)-2,3-dimethylbutanol was isolated from the EtOAc part of the stem of Schisandra propinqua, the free radical scavenging activities of which were researched in vitro.