Living Donors

Publication Title: 
Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
Author(s): 
Iqbal, Munir
Hodge, William
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Psychiatry

Considerable research suggests that suicide involves effects of genes, the environment, and their interaction. Analysis of three independent data sets of post-mortem brains revealed signs of increased methylation in one particular gene, SKA2, a finding that was extended to peripheral blood samples from other cohorts of prospectively followed individuals.

Author(s): 
Guintivano, Jerry
Brown, Tori
Newcomer, Alison
Jones, Marcus
Cox, Olivia
Maher, Brion S.
Eaton, William W.
Payne, Jennifer L.
Wilcox, Holly C.
Kaminsky, Zachary A.
Publication Title: 
Christian Bioethics

In this article, I address the issue of the sale of human organs and the moral implications of a market in human organs under the aegis of Christian Bioethics. I argue that moral issues of this kind cannot be adequately be addressed from the point of view of moral frameworks, which point exclusively to procedural norms. Rather, a moral perspective must embody some substantive norms derived from a particular content-full moral or theological perspective. This substantive norms to which I appeal in this article are those of Roman Catholicism.

Author(s): 
Capaldi, N.
Publication Title: 
Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy

Emotionally-related live organ donation is different from almost all other medical treatments in that a family member or, in some countries, a friend contributes with an organ or parts of an organ to the recipient. Furthermore, there is a long-acknowledged but not well-understood gender-imbalance in emotionally-related live kidney donation. This article argues for the benefit of the concept of just love as an analytic tool in the analysis of emotionally-related live organ donation where the potential donor(s) and the recipient are engaged in a love relation.

Author(s): 
Zeiler, Kristin
Publication Title: 
American Journal of Transplantation: Official Journal of the American Society of Transplantation and the American Society of Transplant Surgeons

Due to lengthening waiting lists for kidney transplantation, a debate has emerged as to whether financial incentives should be used to stimulate living kidney donation. In recent surveys among the general public approximately 25% was in favor of financial incentives while the majority was opposed or undecided. In the present study, we investigated the opinion of living kidney donors regarding financial incentives for living kidney donation. We asked 250 living kidney donors whether they, in retrospect, would have wanted a financial reward for their donation.

Author(s): 
van Buren, M. C.
Massey, E. K.
Maasdam, L.
Zuidema, W. C.
Hilhorst, M. T.
Ijzermans, J. N.
Weimar, W.
Publication Title: 
Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie

There is only scarce information on the quality of life of child recipients of liver transplants and their families. Particularly children with a living related graft and their families never have been compared to children who received a cadaveric graft and their families. We investigated the following issues in our study: How do parents and children from participating families rate their strain, their quality of life and their relationships within their family? Do families with a living - related donor differ from those with a cadaveric donor?

Author(s): 
Schulz, K. H.
Hofmann, C.
Sander, K.
Edsen, S.
Burdelski, M.
Koch, U.
Rogiers, X.
Publication Title: 
Transplant International: Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation

Living-donor kidney and liver transplantation intend to improve pediatric recipients' psychosocial well-being, but psychosocial impact in recipients strongly depends upon the impact on the donor and the quality of family relations. We systematically reviewed quantitative and qualitative studies addressing the psychosocial impact of pediatric living-donor kidney and liver transplantation in recipients, donors, and the family. In accordance with the PRISMA guidelines, we systematically searched the databases Medline, Web of Knowledge, Cinahl, Embase, ERIC, and Google Scholar.

Author(s): 
Thys, Kristof
Schwering, Karl-Leo
Siebelink, Marion
Dobbels, Fabienne
Borry, Pascal
Schotsmans, Paul
Aujoulat, Isabelle
ELPAT Pediatric Organ Donation and Transplantation Working Group
Publication Title: 
Transplantation

BACKGROUND: In 2000, the Consensus Statement on the Live Organ Donor reported that "direct financial compensation for an organ from a living donor remains controversial and illegal in the United States" and took note of the position of the Transplantation Society that "Organs and tissue should be given without commercial consideration or commercial profit." Christian authorities insist that organ donors must not accrue economic advantage, and "selling" organs deprives the donation of its ethical quality.

Author(s): 
Grazi, Richard V.
Wolowelsky, Joel B.
Publication Title: 
American Journal of Transplantation: Official Journal of the American Society of Transplantation and the American Society of Transplant Surgeons

The organ donor shortage has been the most important hindrance in getting listed patients transplanted. Living kidney donors who are incompatible with their intended recipients are an untapped resource for expanding the donor pool through participation in transplant exchanges. Chain transplantation takes this concept further, with the potential to benefit even more recipients.

Author(s): 
Butt, F. K.
Gritsch, H. A.
Schulam, P.
Danovitch, G. M.
Wilkinson, A.
Del Pizzo, J.
Kapur, S.
Serur, D.
Katznelson, S.
Busque, S.
Melcher, M. L.
McGuire, S.
Charlton, M.
Hil, G.
Veale, J. L.
Publication Title: 
Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics

Recent years have seen a rise in the number of sociological, anthropological, and ethnological works on the gift metaphor in organ donation contexts, as well as in the number of philosophical and theological analyses of giving and generosity, which has been mirrored in the ethical debate on organ donation. In order to capture the breadth of this field, four frameworks for thinking about bodily exchanges in medicine have been distinguished: property rights, heroic gift-giving, sacrifice, and gift-giving as aporia.

Author(s): 
Zeiler, Kristin

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