Los Angeles

Publication Title: 
Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved

The objective of this program was to increase mammography screening rates among Hispanic women through a series of targeted community-wide interventions. A diverse array of outreach efforts was offered by the program to increase awareness and use of screening mammography. Before the program, 12 percent of the Hispanic women surveyed in the intervention community had been screened, compared with 27 percent after the program. There was no change in screening among Hispanic women in the control community (23 percent before and 24 percent after the program).

Author(s): 
Fox, S. A.
Stein, J. A.
Gonzalez, R. E.
Farrenkopf, M.
Dellinger, A.
Publication Title: 
Profiles in Healthcare Marketing

Daniel Freeman Hospitals in in Los Angeles committed $11.2 million to its community benefits program, which includes charitable care, reimbursement shortfalls, outreach and community service programs. The Catholic hospitals are part of the Carondelet Health System. Their mission follows the example of the Sisters of St. Joseph of Carondelet who, in France in 1600, departed from the cloistered community life to go beyond the convent and care to people in their local communities.

Author(s): 
Rees, T.
Publication Title: 
Psychological Reports

145 Latino community college students enrolled in Chicano Studies classes in Los Angeles, California were administered a love-attitudes scale. Analysis showed that the mean scores and endorsement patterns were similar to those in earlier research on white-Latino and white-non-Latino students in the United States. Significant gender differences were found. Latino men scored more Ludic and Agapic than women. Researchers might examine the love-styles and ethnic identity in and out of marriage among Latinos, whites, and Asians in southern California.

Author(s): 
Leon, J. J.
Parra, F.
Cheng, T.
Flores, R. E.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Pediatric Nursing

Many sexually active teenagers face risk for contracting sexually transmitted infections (STIs) including HIV. The purpose of our study was to gain an understanding about influences on condom use among sexually active adolescents in relationships. Data were collected through semi-structured openended interviews. The findings of this study suggest that many adolescents desired the love of a male partner, and were willing to concede to his request of practicing unprotected sex.

Author(s): 
Bralock, Anita
Koniak-Griffin, Deborah
Publication Title: 
Journal of Health and Human Services Administration

Urban trauma centers have been shown in the medical literature to be effective resources for dealing with traumatic injury in a manner which results in demonstrated increases in survival rates. Given that much debate exists over the relative efficacy of various technological medical interventions, the acceptance and diffusion of a "proven" technology, such as trauma centers, should be assured.

Author(s): 
Culbertson, R. A.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Health and Human Services Administration

Urban trauma centers have been shown in the medical literature to be effective resources for dealing with traumatic injury in a manner which results in demonstrated increases in survival rates. Given that much debate exists over the relative efficacy of various technological medical interventions, the acceptance and diffusion of a "proven" technology, such as trauma centers, should be assured.

Author(s): 
Culbertson, R. A.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes (1999)

BACKGROUND: Underrepresentation of ethnic minority communities limits the generalizability of HIV vaccine trial results. We explored perceived barriers and motivators regarding HIV vaccine trial participation among low-socioeconomic ethnic minority respondents at risk for HIV. METHODS: Six focus group interviews were conducted using a semistructured interview guide. Participants (N = 58, mean age = 36 years, 37% female, and 56% Latino/a and 35% African American) were recruited using venue-based sampling in Los Angeles.

Author(s): 
Newman, Peter A.
Duan, Naihua
Roberts, Kathleen J.
Seiden, Danielle
Rudy, Ellen T.
Swendeman, Dallas
Popova, Svetlana
Publication Title: 
AIDS care

Latinos are under-represented in HIV/AIDS medical research in the US. Although they are disproportionately impacted by HIV/AIDS, Latinos may be reluctant to participate in HIV vaccine trials. Three focus groups were conducted with 32 Spanish-speaking Latinos recruited from two community-based healthcare organizations in Los Angeles, California. A qualitative focus group interview guide was developed to explore concerns, motivators and intentions in regard to participation in HIV vaccine trials.

Author(s): 
Brooks, R. A.
Newman, P. A.
Duan, N.
Ortiz, D. J.
Publication Title: 
Vaccine

BACKGROUND: Decade-long delays in successful implementation of Hepatitis B vaccines and ongoing obstacles in HPV vaccine roll-out suggest the importance of an implementation science approach to prepare for the effective translation of future HIV vaccines from clinical trials into routine practice. The objective of this study was to test HIV vaccine attitude items to develop reliable scales and to examine their association with HIV vaccine acceptability. METHODS: HIV vaccine attitude items were assessed as part of the L.A.

Author(s): 
Lee, Sung-Jae
Newman, Peter A.
Duan, Naihua
Cunningham, William E.
Publication Title: 
Trials

BACKGROUND: This protocol is for a study of a new program to improve outcomes in children suffering from chronic pain disorders, such as fibromyalgia, recurrent headache, or recurrent abdominal pain. Although teaching active pain self-management skills through cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) or a complementary program such as hypnotherapy or yoga has been shown to improve pain and functioning, children with low expectations of skill-building programs may lack motivation to comply with therapists' recommendations.

Author(s): 
Allen, Laura B.
Tsao, Jennie C. I.
Hayes, Loran P.
Zeltzer, Lonnie K.

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