Lower Extremity

Publication Title: 
The Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy

Acupuncture therapies include a range of interventions and are commonly used for managing musculoskeletal disorders of the extremities; however, their use is still controversial. A study published in the June 2016 issue of JOSPT conducted a systematic review of randomized clinical trials on the effectiveness of various acupuncture therapies for any musculoskeletal condition affecting the limbs. Importantly, the review critically appraised the quality of the evidence to reveal risks of bias.

Publication Title: 
The Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy

Study Design Systematic review. Background Little is known about the effectiveness of acupuncture therapies for musculoskeletal disorders. Objective To assess the effectiveness and safety of acupuncture therapies for musculoskeletal disorders of the extremities. Methods We searched MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials from 1990 to 2015 for randomized controlled trials, cohort studies, and case-control studies. Eligible studies were appraised with Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network criteria.

Author(s): 
Cox, Jocelyn
Varatharajan, Sharanya
Côté, Pierre
Optima Collaboration, null
Publication Title: 
Brain Research. Cognitive Brain Research

The aim of the experiment was to assess whether the membrane excitability of flexor cervical and/or lumbar motoneurons is related to hypnotic susceptibility (measured with the Stanford Hypnotic Susceptibility Scale, Form A) and hypnosis. During the experimental sessions, hypnotized subjects were given only suggestions of relaxation (neutral hypnosis) while awake subjects were given instructions to be quiet and relaxed (simple relaxation).

Author(s): 
Santarcangelo, Enrica Laura
Busse, Knut
Carli, Giancarlo
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

INTRODUCTION: Hemiplegia and the Ayurvedic description of ardhanga disease presents with comparable clinical features. This pilot trial compared two traditional procedure-based treatments: Navarakizhi, a massage of cooked navara rice in a medicated hot bolus, and pinda sweda, a similar massage made of a different type of rice. This article also describes the steps of a double-blind trial in Ayurveda, which was hitherto considered difficult to perform.

Author(s): 
Guruprasad Aggithaya, Madhur
Narahari, Saravu R.
Vijaya, Shanthakumari
Sushma, Kandathu Valappil
Kumar, Nadesa Panicker Anil
Prajeesh, Parameswaran
Publication Title: 
Lymphology

The Global Alliance for the Elimination of Lymphatic Filariasis (GAELF) has recommended exploring local health traditions of skin care and a low cost treatment paradigm for rural communities has been proposed by Vaqas and Ryan. Our case study incorporates these promising treatments for use in treating filariasis in rural communities.

Author(s): 
Narahari, S. R.
Ryan, T. J.
Mahadevan, P. E.
Bose, K. S.
Prasanna, K. S.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

INTRODUCTION: Hemiplegia and the Ayurvedic description of ardhanga disease presents with comparable clinical features. This pilot trial compared two traditional procedure-based treatments: Navarakizhi, a massage of cooked navara rice in a medicated hot bolus, and pinda sweda, a similar massage made of a different type of rice. This article also describes the steps of a double-blind trial in Ayurveda, which was hitherto considered difficult to perform.

Author(s): 
Guruprasad Aggithaya, Madhur
Narahari, Saravu R.
Vijaya, Shanthakumari
Sushma, Kandathu Valappil
Kumar, Nadesa Panicker Anil
Prajeesh, Parameswaran
Publication Title: 
BMC complementary and alternative medicine

BACKGROUND: The number of older adults participating in yoga has increased dramatically in recent years; yet, the physical demands associated with yoga performance have not been reported. The primary aim of the Yoga Empowers Seniors Study (YESS) was to use biomechanical methods to quantify the physical demands associated with the performance of 7 commonly-practiced standing yoga poses in older adults. METHODS: 20 ambulatory older adults (70.7+-3.8 yrs) attended 2 weekly 60-minute Hatha yoga classes for 32 weeks.

Author(s): 
Wang, Man-Ying
Yu, Sean S.-Y.
Hashish, Rami
Samarawickrame, Sachithra D.
Kazadi, Leslie
Greendale, Gail A.
Salem, George
Publication Title: 
Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research / National Strength & Conditioning Association

The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of yoga training and a single bout of yoga on the intensity of delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS). 24 yoga-trained (YT; n = 12) and non-yoga-trained (CON; n = 12), matched women volunteers were administered a DOMS-inducing bench-stepping exercise. Muscle soreness was assessed at baseline, 24, 48, 72, 96, and 120 hours after bench-stepping using a Visual Analog Scale (VAS). Groups were also compared on body awareness (BA), flexibility using the sit-and-reach test (SR), and perceived exertion (RPE).

Author(s): 
Boyle, Colleen A.
Sayers, Stephen P.
Jensen, Barbara E.
Headley, Samuel A.
Manos, Tina M.
Publication Title: 
American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism

Estrogen (E2) is reported to regulate skeletal muscle mass and contractile function; whether E2 exerts its effects through estrogen receptor-alpha (ERalpha) or -beta (ERbeta) is unclear. We determined the effect of ERalpha or ERbeta elimination on muscle mass and contractile function in multiple muscles of the lower limb, muscles with different locomotor tasks and proportions of fiber types I and II: soleus (Sol), plantaris (Plan), tibialis anterior (TA), and gastrocnemius (Gast) in mature female mice.

Author(s): 
Brown, Marybeth
Ning, Jie
Ferreira, J. Andries
Bogener, Jennifer L.
Lubahn, Dennis B.
Publication Title: 
BMC complementary and alternative medicine

BACKGROUND: The number of older adults participating in yoga has increased dramatically in recent years; yet, the physical demands associated with yoga performance have not been reported. The primary aim of the Yoga Empowers Seniors Study (YESS) was to use biomechanical methods to quantify the physical demands associated with the performance of 7 commonly-practiced standing yoga poses in older adults. METHODS: 20 ambulatory older adults (70.7+-3.8 yrs) attended 2 weekly 60-minute Hatha yoga classes for 32 weeks.

Author(s): 
Wang, Man-Ying
Yu, Sean S.-Y.
Hashish, Rami
Samarawickrame, Sachithra D.
Kazadi, Leslie
Greendale, Gail A.
Salem, George

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