Luciferases

Publication Title: 
The Journal of Biological Chemistry

Replicative senescence in human fibroblasts is accompanied with alterations of various biological processes, including the impaired function of the proteasome. The proteasome is responsible for the removal of both normal and damaged proteins. Due to its latter function, proteasome is also considered a representative secondary antioxidant cellular mechanism. Nrf2 is a basic transcription factor responsible for the regulation of the cellular antioxidant response that has also been shown to regulate several proteasome subunits in mice.

Author(s): 
Kapeta, Suzanne
Chondrogianni, Niki
Gonos, Efstathios S.
Publication Title: 
Experimental Gerontology

The brown fat specific UnCoupling Protein 1 (UCP1) is involved in thermogenesis, a process by which energy is dissipated as heat in response to cold stress and excess of caloric intake. Thermogenesis has potential implications for body mass control and cellular fat metabolism. In fact, in humans, the variability of the UCP1 gene is associated with obesity, fat gain and metabolism. Since regulation of metabolism is one of the key-pathways in lifespan extension, we tested the possible effects of UCP1 variability on survival.

Author(s): 
Rose, Giuseppina
Crocco, Paolina
D'Aquila, Patrizia
Montesanto, Alberto
Bellizzi, Dina
Passarino, Giuseppe
Publication Title: 
Journal of Neurochemistry

The human tyrosine hydroxylase (hTH) gene has a 42†bp evolutionarily conserved region designated (CR) II at -7.24†kb, which bears 93% homology to the region we earlier identified as containing the glucocorticoid response element, a 7†bp activator protein-1 (AP-1)-like motif in the rat TH gene. We cloned this hTH-CRII region upstream of minimal basal hTH promoter in luciferase (Luc) reporter vector, and tested glucocorticoid responsiveness in human cell lines.

Author(s): 
Sheela Rani, C. S.
Soto-Pina, Alexandra
Iacovitti, Lorraine
Strong, Randy
Publication Title: 
Nucleic Acids Research

Reln mRNA and protein levels are reduced by approximately 50% in various cortical structures of post-mortem brain from patients diagnosed with schizophrenia or bipolar illness with psychosis. To study mechanisms responsible for this down-regulation, we have analyzed the promoter of the human reelin gene. We show that the reelin promoter directs expression of a reporter construct in multiple human cell types: neuroblastoma cells (SHSY5Y), neuronal precursor cells (NT2), differentiated neurons (hNT) and hepatoma cells (HepG2).

Author(s): 
Chen, Ying
Sharma, Rajiv P.
Costa, Robert H.
Costa, Erminio
Grayson, Dennis R.
Publication Title: 
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

Clinical studies and mathematical models predict that, to achieve malaria elimination, combination therapies will need to incorporate drugs that block the transmission of Plasmodium falciparum sexual stage parasites to mosquito vectors. Efforts to measure the activity of existing antimalarials on intraerythrocytic sexual stage gametocytes and identify transmission-blocking agents have, until now, been hindered by a lack of quantitative assays. Here, we report an experimental system using P.

Author(s): 
Adjalley, Sophie H.
Johnston, Geoffrey L.
Li, Tao
Eastman, Richard T.
Ekland, Eric H.
Eappen, Abraham G.
Richman, Adam
Sim, B. Kim Lee
Lee, Marcus C. S.
Hoffman, Stephen L.
Fidock, David A.
Publication Title: 
Malaria Journal

BACKGROUND: Knowledge of the rate of action of compounds against cultured malaria parasites is required to determine the optimal time-points for drug mode of action studies, as well as to predict likely in vivo parasite clearance rates in order to select optimal hit compounds for further development. In this study, changes in parasite ATP levels and transgenic luciferase reporter activity were explored as means to detect drug-induced stress in cultured parasites.

Author(s): 
Khan, Tasmiyah
van Brummelen, Anna C.
Parkinson, Christopher J.
Hoppe, Heinrich C.
Publication Title: 
Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy

We report that the artemisinin-derived dimer diphenyl phosphate (DPP; dimer 838) is the most selective inhibitor of human cytomegalovirus (CMV) replication among a series of artemisinin-derived monomers and dimers. Dimer 838 was also unique in being an irreversible CMV inhibitor. The peroxide unit within artemisinins' chemical structures is critical to their activities, and its absence results in loss of anti-CMV activities. Surprisingly, the deoxy dimer of 838 retained modest anti-CMV activity, suggesting that the DPP moiety of dimer 838 contributes to its anti-CMV activities.

Author(s): 
He, Ran
Forman, Michael
Mott, Bryan T.
Venkatadri, Rajkumar
Posner, Gary H.
Arav-Boger, Ravit
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics

Guggulsterone is the active ingredient in gugulipid, an organic extract of the Commiphora mukul plant. Gugulipid has been used for nearly 3000 years in Ayurvedic medicine, mainly as a treatment for arthritis. Herbal practitioners currently use gugulipid therapy in conditions as diverse as rheumatism, coronary artery disease, arthritis, hyperlipidemia, acne, and obesity. The active ingredient in gugulipid is guggulsterone, a plant sterol compound recently identified as a pregnane X receptor (PXR; NR1I2) ligand.

Author(s): 
Ding, Xunshan
Staudinger, Jeff L.
Publication Title: 
Cancer Research

Guggulsterone, a constituent of Indian Ayurvedic medicinal plant Commiphora mukul, causes apoptosis in cancer cells but the sequence of events leading to cell death is poorly understood. We now show that guggulsterone-induced cell death in human prostate cancer cells is caused by reactive oxygen intermediate (ROI)-dependent activation of c-Jun NH(2)-terminal kinase (JNK).

Author(s): 
Singh, Shivendra V.
Choi, Sunga
Zeng, Yan
Hahm, Eun-Ryeong
Xiao, Dong
Publication Title: 
Carcinogenesis

We have shown previously that withaferin A (WA), a promising anticancer constituent of Ayurvedic medicine plant Withania somnifera, inhibits growth of human breast cancer cells in culture and in vivo in association with apoptosis induction. The present study builds on these observations and demonstrates that WA inhibits constitutive as well as interleukin-6 (IL-6)-inducible activation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3), which is an oncogenic transcription factor activated in many human malignancies including breast cancer.

Author(s): 
Lee, Joomin
Hahm, Eun-Ryeong
Singh, Shivendra V.

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