Lumbar Vertebrae

Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

OBJECTIVES: Manual therapy practitioners commonly assess lumbar intervertebral mobility before deciding treatment regimens. Changes in mechanoreceptor activity during the manipulative thrust are theorized to be an underlying mechanism of spinal manipulation (SM) efficacy. The objective of this study was to determine if facet fixation or facetectomy at a single lumbar level alters muscle spindle activity during 5 SM thrust durations in an animal model. METHODS: Spinal stiffness was determined using the slope of a force-displacement curve.

Author(s): 
Reed, William R.
Long, Cynthia R.
Pickar, Joel G.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine how the preload that precedes a high-velocity, low-amplitude spinal manipulation (HVLA-SM) affects muscle spindle input from lumbar paraspinal muscles both during and after the HVLA-SM. METHODS: Primary afferent activity from muscle spindles in lumbar paraspinal muscles were recorded from the L6 dorsal root in anesthetized cats.

Author(s): 
Reed, William R.
Long, Cynthia R.
Kawchuk, Gregory N.
Pickar, Joel G.
Publication Title: 
Vestnik Khirurgii Imeni I. I. Grekova

The authors make an analysis of treatment of 188 patients with noncomplicated compressive fractures of the vertebral column in the thoracolumbar part performed at the stationary rehabilitation center. The course of restorative treatment was as long as 31-40 days and included individual and group trainings of exercise therapy, massage, hydrokinesotherapy, thermo-, electro-, photo- and magnetotherapy. Results of the treatment were followed in 81 patients. Excellent and good results were obtained in 43 patients (53%), unsatisfactory--in 7 patients (8.6%).

Author(s): 
Bagaturiia, G. O.
Chanov, V. L.
Kutushev, F. Kh
Publication Title: 
Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi = Chinese Journal of Modern Developments in Traditional Medicine / Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Yan Jiu Hui (chou), Zhong Yi Yan Jiu Yuan, Zhu Ban

This paper used RIA method to observe 11 cases of prolapsed intervertebral disc patients, detect the change of cAMP and cGMP in the cerebrospinal fluid before and after finger pressing massage in acupuncture point Weizhong and Chengshan in order to discuss the mechanism of analgesia of finger pressing massage. The results showed that the pain was relieved after finger pressing massage. cAMP of the cerebrospinal fluid increased from 0.51 +/- 0.19 to 0.63 +/- 0.13 pm/ml, in average 32% higher than that before the therapy (P less than 0.05).

Author(s): 
Jiang, H.
Yang, Z.
Publication Title: 
Spine

STUDY DESIGN: A randomized study comparing the results of active rehabilitation and passive control treatment in patients with chronic low back pain with follow-up at 6 months and 1 year. OBJECTIVES: To study the efficacy of active rehabilitation on pain, self-experienced disability, and lumbar fatigability. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Exercises in an outpatient setting are widely used for the treatment of chronic low back pain.

Author(s): 
Kankaanpää, M.
Taimela, S.
Airaksinen, O.
Hänninen, O.
Publication Title: 
Studies in Health Technology and Informatics

This report describes improved signs and symptoms of previously untreated symptomatic spinal deformity in an adult female diagnosed with moderately severe thoracic scoliosis at the age of .7 years. Current treatment initiated at the age of forty included massage therapy, manual traction, ischemic pressure, and comprehensive manipulative medicine (CMM). A left-right chest circumference inequity was reduced by >10 cm, in correlation with improved appearance of the ribcage deformity and a 40% reduction in magnitude of Cobb angle, which had been stable for 30 years.

Author(s): 
Hawes, Martha C.
Brooks, William J.
Publication Title: 
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu = Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion

OBJECTIVE: To explore specificity of acupoints for treatment of prolapse of lumbar intervertebral disc. METHODS: One hundred and eighty cases were randomly divided into a treatment group (n = 120) and a control group (n = 60). The two groups were treated with acupuncture, traction and massage therapy. For the treatment group, routine acupoints were selected and deeply needling Ciliao (BL 32) were added. For the control group, only routine acupoints were needled. And other treatments were same in both the two groups.

Author(s): 
Xue, Ping-wu
Publication Title: 
Spine

STUDY DESIGN: Three-group, randomized, single blinded, controlled trial. OBJECTIVE: To test the effectiveness of physiotherapy-based rehabilitation starting 1 week after lumbar disc surgery. In addition, we tried to estimate the contribution of specific effects to the observed outcome (efficacy). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Physiotherapy-based rehabilitation is usually recommended for patients following lumbar disc surgery. Few and conflicting data exist for the relative effectiveness of this intervention.

Author(s): 
Erdogmus, Celal B.
Resch, Karl-Ludwig
Sabitzer, Ronald
Müller, Horst
Nuhr, Martin
Schöggl, Andreas
Posch, Martin
Osterode, Wolf
Ungersböck, Karl
Ebenbichler, Gerold R.
Publication Title: 
Equine Veterinary Journal

REASON FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Common methods used to treat back problems in horses need to be assessed objectively. OBJECTIVES: To measure spinal mechanical nociceptive thresholds (MNTs) and evaluate the effects of chiropractic, massage and phenylbutazone, compared with active and inactive control groups. METHODS: Baseline MNTs at 7 sites within the thoracolumbar and sacral regions were measured in 38 healthy mature horses exhibiting no clinical signs of lumbar pain.

Author(s): 
Sullivan, K. A.
Hill, A. E.
Haussler, K. K.
Publication Title: 
Zhurnal Nevrologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova / Ministerstvo Zdravookhraneniia I Meditsinskoĭ Promyshlennosti Rossiĭskoĭ Federatsii, Vserossiĭskoe Obshchestvo Nevrologov [i] Vserossiĭskoe Obshchestvo Psikhiatrov

The data of the Azerbaijan Neurosurgical Center, including 2618 case-reports of patients operated on for low back discal hernia between 1997 and 2002, have been analyzed. The retrospective analysis of the data reveals that 26,4% of patients need further restorative treatment due to the presence of various neurological disturbances: pain syndromes of different intensity, motor deficits (pareses), sensory disorders and functional disorders of pelvic organs.

Author(s): 
Musaev, A. V.
Guseĭnova, S. G.
Musaeva, I. R.

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