Lumbar Vertebrae

Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

BACKGROUND: The association between vegetarian diets and bone mineral density (BMD) is controversial because of conflicting findings from previous studies. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to estimate the effect of vegetarian diets on BMD by using a meta-analytic approach. DESIGN: A systematic electronic literature search was conducted to identify all relevant articles on the association between vegetarian diet and BMD. Nine studies of 2749 subjects (1880 women and 869 men) were included in the analysis.

Author(s): 
Ho-Pham, Lan T.
Nguyen, Nguyen D.
Nguyen, Tuan V.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

BACKGROUND: Calcium supplementation of pregnant Gambian women with a low calcium intake results in lower maternal bone mineral content in the subsequent lactation. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to investigate whether the lower bone mineral content persists long term. DESIGN: All women in the calcium supplementation trial (International Trial Registry ISRCTN96502494) who had been scanned with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry at 52 wk of lactation (L52; n = 79) were invited for follow-up when neither pregnant nor lactating for ≥3 mo (NPNL) or at 52 wk postpartum in a future lactation (F52).

Author(s): 
Jarjou, Landing M. A.
Sawo, Yankuba
Goldberg, Gail R.
Laskey, M. Ann
Cole, Tim J.
Prentice, Ann
Publication Title: 
Journal of Translational Medicine

BACKGROUND: Immunological arguments and historical examples have shown that treatment with cord blood for non-hematopoietic activities, such as growth factor production and stimulation of angiogenesis, may not require matching or immune suppression. METHODS: To study the benefit of blood mononuclear cell therapy, 8 patients with idiopathic osteoporosis were given intermittent treatments with non-matched allogeneic cord blood mononuclear cells for 3 months.

Author(s): 
Li, Jun
Zhang, Li
Zhou, Liang
Yu, Zheng-Ping
Qi, Feng
Liu, Bei
Zi, Su-Xia
Li, Li
Li, Yi
Wang, San-Bin
Cui, Zheng-Jiang
Pan, Xing-Hua
Publication Title: 
Journal of Applied Physiology (Bethesda, Md.: 1985)

Rodents are commonly used as models for human aging because of their relatively short life span, the ease of obtaining age-specific tissue samples, and lower cost. However, age-associated disease may confound inbred animal studies. For example, numerous physiologically significant lesions, such as chronic nephropathy, are more common in aged Fischer 344 (F344) rats than in other strains (Bronson RT, Genetic Effects of Aging, 1990).

Author(s): 
LaMothe, Jeremy M.
Hepple, Russell T.
Zernicke, Ronald F.
Publication Title: 
Bone

Hypothalamic amenorrhea and energy restriction during puberty affect peak bone mass accrual. One hypothesis suggests energy restriction alters hypothalamic function resulting in suppressed estradiol levels leading to bone loss. However, both positive and negative results have been reported regarding energy restriction and bone strength.

Author(s): 
Joshi, R. N.
Safadi, F. F.
Barbe, M. F.
Del Carpio-Cano, Fe
Popoff, S. N.
Yingling, V. R.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

The use of static-postural and dynamic-bending roentgenography by the medical and chiropractic professions was reviewed and a retrospective study of 30 symptomatic subjects was conducted to compare the diagnostic discrimination of dynamic lateral bending (DLB) procedures to that of a previously-reported static-postural method (Farfan) in determining the lumbar spine level which is most predisposed to the eventual development of degenerative disc disease.

Author(s): 
Vernon, H.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

Spinographic parameters of a group of patients with extension facet subluxations and a group with herniated disc nucleus pulposus of the lumbar spine were evaluated pre- and post-manipulative treatment. A statistically significant decrease in the mean disc angle at the involved level in the extension facet subluxation group was seen with the mean post-treatment disc angle more closely resembling that of the controls.

Author(s): 
Banks, S. D.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

Abnormal intervertebral motion has been shown to occur frequently in patients with low-back pain. Various roentgenographic procedures have been used for evaluating normal and abnormal spinal biomechanics. The main aim of this study has been to evaluate the measurement accuracy and the sources of variation in a single-plane functional radiographic study of lumbar intervertebral motion in patients with low-back pain.

Author(s): 
Bronfort, G.
Jochumsen, O. H.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

A case is reported of a 47 year old man with an insidious onset of low back pain while hospitalized for septicemia. The etiology was not investigated and pharmacologic therapy was instituted. Several weeks after discharge, the patient presented to our chiropractic college clinic for the diagnosis and therapy for his low back pain. Radiologic examination of the lumbar spine revealed classic signs of a vertebral osteomyelitis. Manipulative therapy was contraindicated and the patient was referred for biopsy and appropriate antibiotic therapy.

Author(s): 
Huslig, E. L.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

A successfully treated case of sacroiliac syndrome coexisting with lumbosacral anomalies is presented. Spinal manipulative therapy is not contraindicated if properly modified to account for the anomalous anatomical orientation.

Author(s): 
Bressler, H. B.
Deltoff, M. N.

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