Lung Diseases, Obstructive

Publication Title: 
Respiratory Medicine

BACKGROUND: Many options are available for preventing people from getting infected by influenza virus, with vaccination being the most widely used. METHODS: We assessed the evidence available in Cochrane systematic reviews. We found nine reviews, five of them addressing influenza vaccination, and four addressing medication. RESULTS: Vaccination is effective in healthy adults and children, but the effect is modest in adults, and for young children few data are available.

Author(s): 
van der Wouden, J. C.
Bueving, H. J.
Poole, P.
Publication Title: 
AIDS patient care and STDs

The increased longevity afforded by combination antiretroviral therapy in developed countries has led to an increased concern regarding senescence-related diseases in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Previous epidemiologic analyses have demonstrated an increased risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, as well as a significant burden of respiratory symptoms in HIV-infected patients. We performed the St.

Author(s): 
Leung, Janice M.
Liu, Joseph C.
Mtambo, Andy
Ngan, David
Nashta, Negar
Guillemi, Silvia
Harris, Marianne
Lima, Viviane D.
Mattman, Andre
Shaipanich, Tawimas
Raju, Rekha
Hague, Cameron
Leipsic, Jonathon A.
Sin, Don D.
Montaner, Julio S.
Man, S. F. Paul
Publication Title: 
Advances in Psychosomatic Medicine

Smoking has been viewed in divergent ways throughout history. While for some cultures it has been considered a crime, for others it has been invested with magical powers and even medicinal potential. In our century, society has come to realize the health risks associated with smoking. This has led to controversies between government and the tobacco industry as well as between physician and patient. In spite of their knowledge of its deadly consequences, many individuals are unable to stop smoking.

Author(s): 
Levine, D. J.
Johnson, R. W.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis

A 48-year-old woman with severe, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease was instructed in the use of peak-flow feedback and hypnotically induced relaxation to reduce the intensity of dyspnea during periods of anxiety. Peak-flow information provided physiologic feedback as well as a safety feature in the event that subjective improvement did not correspond with objective physiologic improvement. I used a progressive relaxation method for inducing hypnosis and gave her suggestions of well-being and muscle relaxation.

Author(s): 
Acosta-Austan, F.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

Yoga has become increasingly popular in Western cultures as a means of exercise and fitness training; however, it is still depicted as trendy as evidenced by an April 2001 Time magazine cover story on "The Power of Yoga." There is a need to have yoga better recognized by the health care community as a complement to conventional medical care.

Author(s): 
Raub, James A.
Publication Title: 
Thorax

The composition of the lung microbiome contributes to both health and disease, including obstructive lung disease. Because it has been estimated that over 70% of the bacterial species on body surfaces cannot be cultured by currently available techniques, traditional culture techniques are no longer the gold standard for microbial investigation. Advanced techniques that identify bacterial sequences, including the 16S ribosomal RNA gene, have provided new insights into the depth and breadth of microbiota present both in the diseased and normal lung.

Author(s): 
Han, Meilan K.
Huang, Yvonne J.
Lipuma, John J.
Boushey, Homer A.
Boucher, Richard C.
Cookson, William O.
Curtis, Jeffrey L.
Erb-Downward, John
Lynch, Susan V.
Sethi, Sanjay
Toews, Galen B.
Young, Vincent B.
Wolfgang, Matthew C.
Huffnagle, Gary B.
Martinez, Fernando J.
Publication Title: 
Zeitschrift Für Erkrankungen Der Atmungsorgane

Twenty patients with chronic obstructive bronchitis were submitted to a 6-week rehabilitation program including bicycle training, breathing exercise, inhalation, massage, short wave therapy and others. Before and after 6-week training we investigated ventilatory and blood gas parameters and pulmonary artery pressure at rest and during exercise. There was no change in the oxygen uptake on the same exercise stage. We found an insignificant decrease of the pulmonary artery pressure at rest and during exercise.

Author(s): 
Rabe, U.
Evers, H.
Publication Title: 
Clinical Nursing Research

The purpose was to examine neuromuscular release massage therapy (NRMT) as an intervention for individuals with chronic obstructive lung disease (COLD) to improve pulmonary function, respiratory muscle strength, and quality of life. Variables measured were thoracic gas volume, peak flow, oxygen saturation, blood pressure, heart rate, forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), forced vital capacity (FVC), FEV1/FVC, and quality of life to determine if improvement occurred with 24 weekly treatments of NRMT.

Author(s): 
Beeken, J. E.
Parks, D.
Cory, J.
Montopoli, G.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

Yoga has become increasingly popular in Western cultures as a means of exercise and fitness training; however, it is still depicted as trendy as evidenced by an April 2001 Time magazine cover story on "The Power of Yoga." There is a need to have yoga better recognized by the health care community as a complement to conventional medical care.

Author(s): 
Raub, James A.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

A patient with a history of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease going back more than 20 years was treated with a combination of chiropractic manipulation, nutritional advice, therapeutic exercises, and intersegmental traction. Improvements were noted in forced vital capacity, forced expiratory volume in one second, coughing, fatigue, and ease of breathing (sign test significant at 0.005 level). Improvement was also noted in laryngospasm. Studies are made and speculation as to the mechanism of the treatment effect is provided.

Author(s): 
Masarsky, C. S.
Weber, M.
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