BACKGROUND: Among patients with well differentiated papillary thyroid carcinoma who generally have an excellent prognosis and a near-normal lifespan, there exist subsets of patients who have significant risk for morbidity and mortality from this disease. It is important to define the patterns of disease progression and the clinical outcome of such patients to develop effective surveillance and treatment strategies.
BACKGROUND: As information is disseminated about best practices, variations in patterns of care should diminish over time. OBJECTIVE: To test the hypotheses that differences in rates of a surgical procedure are associated with type of insurance in an era of evolving practice guidelines and that insurance and site differences diminish with time as consensus guidelines disseminate among the medical community. METHODS: We use lymph node dissection among women with ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) as an example of a procedure with uncertain benefit.
This article studies a semiparametric accelerated failure time mixture model for estimation of a biological treatment effect on a latent subgroup of interest with a time-to-event outcome in randomized clinical trials. Latency is induced because membership is observable in one arm of the trial and unidentified in the other.
The improvement in the life expectancy of women with breast cancer raises important questions about how to improve the quality of life for women sustaining complications of breast cancer treatment. In particular, attention to common problems, such as arm edema, is of critical importance.
CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association journal = journal de l'Association medicale canadienne
OBJECTIVE: To provide information and recommendations for women and their physicians when making decisions about the management of lymphedema related to breast cancer. OPTIONS: Compression garments, pneumatic compression pumps, massage and physical therapies, other physical therapy modalities, pharmaceutical treatments. OUTCOMES: Symptom control, quality of life, cosmetic results. EVIDENCE: Systematic review of English-language literature retrieved primarily from MEDLINE (1966 to April 2000) and CANCERLIT (1985 to April 2000).
In this article we analyze influence of rehabilitation methods in treatment of arm lymphedema. In Kaunas oncological hospital were examined 60 women after surgery for breast cancer. The work objective was to evaluate efficiency of rehabilitation methods in treatment of arm lymphedema and in evaluate movement amplitude of shoulder joint. Two groups of women depending on rehabilitation start were evaluated. The same methods of rehabilitation were applied to both groups: physical therapy, electrostimulation, massage, lymphodrainage with apparate.
Journal of the Formosan Medical Association = Taiwan Yi Zhi
Development of secondary lower extremity lymphedema after cervical cancer is common. However, severe lymphedema of the female genitalia and vesicular cutaneous lymphatic reflux without lower limb lymphedema after treatment of cervical cancer is rare. We report successful complex decongestive physiotherapy (CDP) in a 53-year-old female who developed recurrent folliculitis, lymphocutaneous reflux, warty change of the right labium majora, and lymphedema involving the external genitalia after receiving hysterectomy, pelvic lymph node dissection, and radiation.
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To investigate chronic condition representations and treatment choices among women with post-breast cancer lymphedema (LE) to understand their receipt and use of accurate medical information. DESIGN: Qualitative, template analysis. SETTING: Midsized midwestern city and surrounding rural areas. SAMPLE: 18 Caucasian women aged 37-87 years (mean = 58.8 years) with LE. METHODS: Telephone and face-to-face interviews, lasting 45-60 minutes, were conducted by research students and graduate nursing students.
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the usefulness of arm massage from a significant other following lymph node dissection surgery. DESIGN: Randomized clinical trial with a pretest-posttest design. Data were collected prior to surgery, within 24 hours post surgery, within 10 to 14 days post surgery, and 4 months post surgery. SAMPLE: 59 women, aged 21 to 78 undergoing lymph node dissection surgery and who had a significant other with them during the postoperative period. METHODS: Subjects were randomly assigned to intervention and control groups.
BACKGROUND: Many breast cancer patients are plagued by the disabling complication of upper limb lymphedema after axillary surgery. Conservative treatments using massage and compression therapy do not offer a lasting relief, as they fail to address the chronic transformation of edema into excess adipose tissue. Liposuction to address the adipose nature of the lymphedema has provided an opportunity for a detailed analysis of the stromal fraction of lymphedema-associated fat to clarify the molecular mechanisms for this adipogenic transformation.