Malaysia

Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
Author(s): 
Mun, C. T.
Publication Title: 
Singapore Medical Journal

The psychiatric morbidity following hysterectomy has received increasing attention. One of the sequelae of hysterectomy has been a brief, acute psychosis with excellent outcome, the etiology and pathomechanism of which is still unclear. Two Chinese patients born of Southeast Asian origin who manifested brief, acute psychosis following hysterectomy are presented. Therapy comprised drug treatment with low dose antipsychotics and benzodiazepines coupled with hypnosis and marital therapy to explore and treat the underlying pathology. Both psychotic states resolved.

Author(s): 
Tsoh, J. M.
Leung, H. C.
Ungvari, G. S.
Lee, D. T.
Publication Title: 
British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology

AIMS: To determine the pharmacokinetics of artemether (ARM) and its principal active metabolite, dihydroartemisinin (DHA) in healthy volunteers. METHODS: Six healthy male Malaysian subjects were given a single oral dose of 200 mg artemether. Blood samples were collected to 72 h. Plasma concentrations of the two compounds were measured simultaneously by reversed-phase h.p.l.c. with electro-chemical detection in the reductive mode. RESULTS: Mean (+/- s.d.) maximum concentrations of ARM, 310 +/- 153 micrograms l-1, were reached 1.88 +/- 0.21 h after drug intake.

Author(s): 
Mordi, M. N.
Mansor, S. M.
Navaratnam, V.
Wernsdorfer, W. H.
Publication Title: 
European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology

OBJECTIVE: There is limited pharmacokinetic data available for the combination artesunate + amodiaquine, which is used widely to treat uncomplicated malaria. This study examines the bioavailability and tolerability of a fixed (200 mg artesunate + 540 mg amodiaquine) and loose (200 mg + 612 mg) combination with a 2x2 cross-over design in 24 healthy volunteers.

Author(s): 
Navaratnam, Visweswaran
Ramanathan, Surash
Wahab, Mohd Suhaimi Ab
Siew Hua, Gan
Mansor, Sharif Mahsufi
Kiechel, Jean-René
Vaillant, Michel
Taylor, Walter R. J.
Olliaro, Piero
Publication Title: 
Emerging Infectious Diseases

The simian parasite Plasmodium knowlesi causes severe human malaria; the optimal treatment remains unknown. We describe the clinical features, disease spectrum, and response to antimalarial chemotherapy, including artemether-lumefantrine and artesunate, in patients with P. knowlesi malaria diagnosed by PCR during December 2007-November 2009 at a tertiary care hospital in Sabah, Malaysia. Fifty-six patients had PCR-confirmed P. knowlesi monoinfection and clinical records available for review. Twenty-two (39%) had severe malaria; of these, 6 (27%) died.

Author(s): 
William, Timothy
Menon, Jayaram
Rajahram, Giri
Chan, Leslie
Ma, Gordon
Donaldson, Samantha
Khoo, Serena
Frederick, Charlie
Jelip, Jenarun
Anstey, Nicholas M.
Yeo, Tsin Wen
Publication Title: 
Malaria Journal

BACKGROUND: The simian parasite Plasmodium knowlesi is recognized as a common cause of severe and fatal human malaria in Sabah, Malaysia, but is morphologically indistinguishable from and still commonly reported as Plasmodium malariae, despite the paucity of this species in Sabah. Since December 2008 Sabah Department of Health has recommended intravenous artesunate and referral to a general hospital for all severe malaria cases of any species. This paper reviews all malaria deaths in Sabah subsequent to the introduction of these measures.

Author(s): 
Rajahram, Giri S.
Barber, Bridget E.
William, Timothy
Menon, Jayaram
Anstey, Nicholas M.
Yeo, Tsin W.
Publication Title: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America

BACKGROUND: Plasmodium knowlesi commonly causes severe malaria in Malaysian Borneo, with high case-fatality rates reported. We compared risk, spectrum, and outcome of severe disease from P. knowlesi, Plasmodium falciparum, and Plasmodium vivax and outcomes following introduction of protocols for early referral and intravenous artesunate for all severe malaria. METHODS: From September 2010 to October 2011 we prospectively assessed nonpregnant patients aged ?12 years admitted to Queen Elizabeth Hospital (QEH), Sabah, with polymerase chain reaction-confirmed Plasmodium monoinfection.

Author(s): 
Barber, Bridget E.
William, Timothy
Grigg, Matthew J.
Menon, Jayaram
Auburn, Sarah
Marfurt, Jutta
Anstey, Nicholas M.
Yeo, Tsin W.
Publication Title: 
BMJ open

INTRODUCTION: Malaria due to Plasmodium knowlesi is reported throughout South-East Asia, and is the commonest cause of it in Malaysia. P. knowlesi replicates every 24?h and can cause severe disease and death. Current 2010 WHO Malaria Treatment Guidelines have no recommendations for the optimal treatment of non-severe knowlesi malaria. Artemisinin-combination therapies (ACT) and chloroquine have each been successfully used to treat knowlesi malaria; however, the rapidity of parasite clearance has not been prospectively compared.

Author(s): 
Grigg, M. J.
William, T.
Dhanaraj, P.
Menon, J.
Barber, B. E.
von Seidlein, L.
Rajahram, G.
Price, R. N.
Anstey, N. M.
Yeo, T. W.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

OBJECTIVES AND STUDY DESIGN: A nonrandomized, non-placebo-controlled clinical trial to evaluate the efficacy of Cogent db (an herbal preparation; Cybele Herbal Laboratories [PVT] Ltd. Kochi, Kerala State, India) as an adjuvant in the treatment of patients with type 2 diabetes was carried out during a 3-month period. SETTINGS/LOCATION: This study was conducted in two major peripheral clinics of Kuala Lumpur in the Klang Valley, Malaysia. SUBJECTS: A total of 39 Cogent db-treated cases and 40 age-matched controls were recruited for this preliminary study.

Author(s): 
Shekhar, K. Chandra
Achike, Francis I.
Kaur, Gurpreet
Kumar, Prem
Hashim, Rohaini
Publication Title: 
Social Science & Medicine. Medical Anthropology
Author(s): 
Heggenhougen, H. K.

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