Managed Care Programs

Publication Title: 
Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine

OBJECTIVE: To assess the status of managed care and insurance coverage of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) and the integration of such services into managed care. DATA SOURCES: A literature review and information search were conducted to determine which new insurers had special policies for CAM from 1999 to 2000.

Author(s): 
Pelletier, Kenneth R.
Astin, John A.
Publication Title: 
Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal

Bioethics has focused on the areas of individual ethical choices -- patient care -- or public policy and law. There are however, important arenas for ethical choices that have been overlooked. Health care is populated with intermediate arenas such as hospitals, nursing homes, hospices, and health care systems. This essay argues that bioethics needs to develop a language and concepts for institutional ethics. A first step in this direction is to think about institutional conscience.

Author(s): 
Wildes, Keven Wm
Publication Title: 
Christian Bioethics

Being a Christian involves metaphysical, epistemological, and social commitments that set Christians at variance with the dominant secular culture. Because Christianity is not syncretical, but proclaims the unique truth of its revelations, Christians will inevitably be placed in some degree of conflict with secular health care institutions.

Author(s): 
Engelhardt, H. Tristram
Publication Title: 
Christian Bioethics

A Christian analysis of the moral conflicts that exist among physicians and health care institutions requires a detailed treatment of the ethical issues in managed care. To be viable, managed care, as with any system of health care, must be economically sound and morally defensible. While managed care is per se a morally neutral concept, as it is currently practiced in the United States, it is morally dubious at best, and in many instances is antithetical to a Catholic Christian ethics of health care.

Author(s): 
Pellegrino, Edmund D.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Health and Human Services Administration

Urban trauma centers have been shown in the medical literature to be effective resources for dealing with traumatic injury in a manner which results in demonstrated increases in survival rates. Given that much debate exists over the relative efficacy of various technological medical interventions, the acceptance and diffusion of a "proven" technology, such as trauma centers, should be assured.

Author(s): 
Culbertson, R. A.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Health and Human Services Administration

Urban trauma centers have been shown in the medical literature to be effective resources for dealing with traumatic injury in a manner which results in demonstrated increases in survival rates. Given that much debate exists over the relative efficacy of various technological medical interventions, the acceptance and diffusion of a "proven" technology, such as trauma centers, should be assured.

Author(s): 
Culbertson, R. A.
Publication Title: 
The Rand Journal of Economics

This article identifies the impact of managed-care reforms on the utilization of medical services within the military health-services system. The data come from a recent demonstration project that substituted an HMO and PPO for traditional FFS arrangements. Results from a semiparametric model indicate that the generosity of benefits in the HMO increased demand for ambulatory services. Unlike the private-sector experience with managed care, aggressive utilization review did not significantly curtail inpatient stays.

Author(s): 
Goldman, D. P.
Publication Title: 
Medical care research and review: MCRR

Pharmaceutical coverage has become an especially important issue in health plan design. This article develops an objective measure of drug coverage generosity in managed care drug formularies. Formulary generosity is important because patients respond differently to drugs within a therapeutic class, and so there is benefit in offering a wide variety of products to prescribing physicians. The measure of coverage generosity considers not only the number of products offered to patients through a formulary, but whether plans systematically exclude more expensive products.

Author(s): 
Schweitzer, S. O.
Publication Title: 
Inquiry: A Journal of Medical Care Organization, Provision and Financing

This paper examines the effect of changing state policy, such as Medicaid eligibility, payment generosity, and HMO enrollment on provision of hospital uncompensated care. Using national data from the American Hospital Association for the period 1990 through 1995, we find that not-for-profit and public hospitals' uncompensated care levels respond positively to Medicaid payment generosity, although the magnitude of the effect is small. Not-for-profit hospitals respond negatively to Medicaid HMO penetration.

Author(s): 
Davidoff, A. J.
LoSasso, A. T.
Bazzoli, G. J.
Zuckerman, S.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Health Economics

Although most private health insurance in US is employment-based, little is known about how employers choose health plans for their employees. In this paper, I examine the relationship between employee preferences for health insurance and the health plans offered by employers. I find evidence that employee characteristics affect the generosity of the health plans offered by employers and the likelihood that employers offer a choice of plans.

Author(s): 
Bundorf, M. Kate

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