Manipulation, Osteopathic

Publication Title: 
Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice

OBJECTIVE: To systematically review surveys of 12-month prevalence of visits to complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) practitioners for five therapies: acupuncture, homeopathy, osteopathy, chiropractic, and medical herbalism. METHODS: Studies were identified via database searches to 2011. Study quality was assessed using a six-item tool. RESULTS: Forty-one surveys across 12 countries were included. Twenty-five (61%) met four of six quality criteria.

Author(s): 
Cooper, Katy L.
Harris, Philip E.
Relton, Clare
Thomas, Kate J.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: More than two-thirds of pregnant women experience low-back pain (LBP) and almost one-fifth experience pelvic pain. Pain increases with advancing pregnancy and interferes with work, daily activities and sleep. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of interventions for preventing and treating pelvic and back pain in pregnancy.

Author(s): 
Pennick, Victoria
Liddle, Sarah D.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: More than two-thirds of pregnant women experience low-back pain and almost one-fifth experience pelvic pain. The two conditions may occur separately or together (low-back and pelvic pain) and typically increase with advancing pregnancy, interfering with work, daily activities and sleep. OBJECTIVES: To update the evidence assessing the effects of any intervention used to prevent and treat low-back pain, pelvic pain or both during pregnancy.

Author(s): 
Liddle, Sarah D.
Pennick, Victoria
Publication Title: 
Swiss Medical Weekly

BACKGROUND: In 2004, complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) was offered by physicians in one-third of Swiss hospitals. Since then, CAM health policy has changed considerably. This study aimed to describe the present supply and use of CAM in hospitals in the French-speaking part of Switzerland, and to explore qualitatively the characteristics of this offer. METHODS: Between June 2011 and March 2012, a short questionnaire was sent to the medical directors of hospitals (n = 46), asking them whether CAM was offered, where and by whom.

Author(s): 
Carruzzo, Philippe
Graz, Bertrand
Rodondi, Pierre-Yves
Michaud, Pierre-Andr�
Publication Title: 
Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine

Though there are myriad etiologies of CPP, common therapeutic targets include inflammation, somatic dysfunction, and psychological disturbances. Inflammation may be addressed not only with dietary changes including nutritional and botanical supplements but also with mind-body therapies. Somatic dysfunction may respond to manipulative therapies provided by osteopaths, naturopaths, chiropractors, and some physical therapists. Therapists may also offer visceral, craniosacral, myofascial, and other whole-body therapies, as can highly trained massage therapists and bodyworkers.

Author(s): 
Herbert, Bettina
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to describe use of chiropractic and/or osteopathic manipulation by children in the United States along with the specific health conditions for which they sought care. METHODS: The study was a secondary data analysis of the National Health Interview Survey 2007, Child Alternative Medicine file as well as the Child Core Sample. National population estimates were generated for reported use of chiropractic or osteopathic manipulation (C/OM) by children for specific health conditions.

Author(s): 
Ndetan, Harrison
Evans, Marion Willard
Hawk, Cheryl
Walker, Clark
Publication Title: 
The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association

The thoracic pump and the abdominal pump are osteopathic manipulative (OM) lymphatic pump techniques frequently used by osteopathic physicians to treat patients with infections (eg, pneumonia, otitis media). Although there is a widely accepted belief among the osteopathic medical profession that increasing lymphatic flow is beneficial, no measurements of lymph flow during osteopathic manipulative treatment have been reported. The authors surgically instrumented five mongrel dogs to record lymphatic flow in the thoracic duct (TDF) and cardiac variables during three intervention protocols.

Author(s): 
Knott, E. Marty
Tune, Johnathan D.
Stoll, Scott T.
Downey, H. Fred
Publication Title: 
The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association

CONTEXT: Normal physiologic movement, pathologic conditions, and osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) are believed to produce effects on the shape and proliferation of human fibroblasts. Studies of biophysically strained fibroblasts would be useful in producing a model of the cellular mechanisms underlying OMT.

Author(s): 
Dodd, John G.
Good, Meadow Maze
Nguyen, Tammy L.
Grigg, Andersen I.
Batia, Lyn M.
Standley, Paul R.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association

CONTEXT: While numerous measures are available to assist physicians in assessing patients with cerebral palsy, there is a paucity of instruments that capture data relevant to osteopathic assessment. The lack of such tools limits the reach of research in key osteopathic indicators. METHODS: A structured objective form designed to assist osteopathic physicians in the evaluation of fascial restriction, restriction of spinal motion, and muscle spasticity was developed for use during osteopathic musculoskeletal structural examinations.

Author(s): 
Davis, Melinda F.
Worden, Katherine
Clawson, Diane
Meaney, F. John
Duncan, Burris
Publication Title: 
The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association

CONTEXT: Clinical studies have supported the efficacy of a variety of osteopathic manipulative techniques. However, an evidence base for the cellular mechanisms underlying these clinical findings is lacking. OBJECTIVE: To investigate human fibroblast proliferation and interleukin secretory profiles in response to modeled repetitive motion strain (RMS) and modeled indirect osteopathic manipulative techniques (IOMT). The authors hypothesized that the RMS model would increase fibroblast proliferation and proinflammatory interleukin secretion, while the IOMT model would reverse these effects.

Author(s): 
Meltzer, Kate R.
Standley, Paul R.

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