The purpose of this study was to compare the Oxylator EM-100, a ventilator with a fixed flow and working pressure of 25 to 50 cm H(2)O, with a bag-valve device with respect to safety, efficiency, and efficacy when used by professionals. We conducted a prospective, controlled, caregiver-blind single center study. Induction was followed by ventilation with a bag-valve device oxylator in manual and automatic modes. Steps were repeated under hypnosis, after muscle relaxation with mask, and with an endotracheal tube. Forty patients, aged 48.8 +/- 13.5 years weighing 50 to 111 kg were studied.
Journal of Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery: Official Publication of the European Association for Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery
Surgical treatment and complications in patients with mandibular fractures leads to a significant degree of tissue trauma resulting in common postoperative symptoms and signs of pain, facial swelling, mandible dysfunction and limited mouth opening (trismus). Beneficial effects of local cold treatment on postoperative swelling, oedema, pain, inflammation and haemorrhage, as well as the reduction of metabolism, bleeding and haematomas have been described.