Mass Casualty Incidents

Publication Title: 
Trauma, Violence & Abuse

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) widely occurs among victims or witness of disasters. With flashbacks, hyperarousal, and avoidance being the typical symptoms, PTSD became a focus of psychological research. The earthquake in Wenchuan, China, on May 12, 2008, was without precedent in magnitude and aftermath and caused huge damage, which drew scientists' attention to mental health of the survivors.

Author(s): 
Hong, Chunlan
Efferth, Thomas
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Emergency Mental Health

We describe an academic/faith partnership approach for enhancing the capacity of communities to resist or rebound from the impact of terrorism and other mass casualty events. Representatives of several academic health centers (AHCs) collaborated with leaders of urban Christian-, Jewish-, and Muslim faith-based organizations (FBOs) to design, deliver, and preliminarily evaluate a train-the-trainer approach to enhancing individual competencies in the provision of psychological first aid and in disaster planning for their respective communities.

Author(s): 
McCabe, O. Lee
Marum, Felicity
Mosley, Adrian
Gwon, Howard S.
Langlieb, Alan
Everly, George S.
Kaminsky, Michael J.
Links, Jonathan M.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Forensic Odonto-Stomatology

Indonesia is the largest archipelago in the world, consisting of five main islands and 17,500 smaller islands, spread across three seismic belts that run throughout the country. Indonesia is extremely prone to disasters, both natural and manmade. With a total population of nearly 250 million people, Indonesia's Muslim community exceeds 180 million - the largest Muslim population in the world. On December 26, 2004 an earthquake and tsunami hit Aceh resulting in an estimated 165,00 deaths (mostly Muslims) and half a million people displaced.

Author(s): 
Sahelangi, P.
Novita, M.
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