Mass Media

Publication Title: 
The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis

Shocking news of robberies committed using hypnosis on bank cashiers, salespeople, or passers-by has sporadically been reported by the media in countries around the world. The first reported episode in Italy dates to the 1950s. Although the phenomenon has been reported in the papers more frequently in recent years, no objective analysis of it has been published in the scientific literature.

Author(s): 
Clerici, Carlo Alfredo
Veneroni, Laura
De'micheli, Angelo
Betsos, Isabella Merzagora
Publication Title: 
Homeopathy: The Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy

Homeopathy is being attacked by the British media. These attacks draw support from irresponsible and unjustified claims by certain teachers of homeopathy. Such claims include the use of 'dream' and 'imaginative' methods for provings. For prescribing some such teachers attempt to replace the laborious process of matching symptom picture and remedy with spurious theories based on 'signatures', sensations and other methods. Other irresponsible claims have also been made.

Author(s): 
Vithoulkas, George
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

Though in use for over 200 years, and still benefiting millions of people worldwide today, homeopathy is currently under continuous attacks for being "unscientific." The reasons for this can be understood in terms of what might be called a "New Fundamentalism," emanating particularly but not exclusively from within biomedicine, and supported in some sections of the media. Possible reasons for this are discussed.

Author(s): 
Milgrom, Lionel R.
Publication Title: 
ReproWatch
Publication Title: 
Croatian Medical Journal

AIM: To evaluate the impact on smokers' behavior of public health activity related to a religious event such as Lent in a predominantly Roman Catholic country. METHODS: "Smoke out day" was organized on the first day of Lent, a period of self-denial for Roman Catholics, combining cultural and religious significance for Croatian people. The day was covered by a massive media campaign. Smoking behavior and attitudes to smoking were examined using a cross-sectional anonymous survey, conducted among 2,143 TV viewers and radio listeners aged 15 and older in their households.

Author(s): 
Civljak, Marta
Ulovec, Zlatko
Soldo, Dragan
Posavec, Marija
Oreskovic, Stipe
Publication Title: 
BMC medical ethics

BACKGROUND: Ocular gene transfer clinical trials are raising hopes for blindness treatments and attracting media attention. News media provide an accessible health information source for patients and the public, but are often criticized for overemphasizing benefits and underplaying risks of novel biomedical interventions. Overly optimistic portrayals of unproven interventions may influence public and patient expectations; the latter may cause patients to downplay risks and over-emphasize benefits, with implications for informed consent for clinical trials.

Author(s): 
Benjaminy, Shelly
Bubela, Tania
Publication Title: 
BMC medical ethics

BACKGROUND: Extra-corporeal membrane oxygenation has been introduced to clinical practice for several decades. It is unclear how internet and newspapers portray the use of extra-corporeal membrane oxygenation.

Author(s): 
Chen, Yen-Yuan
Chen, Likwang
Kao, Yu-Hui
Chu, Tzong-Shinn
Huang, Tien-Shang
Ko, Wen-Je
Publication Title: 
Psychological Reports

52 undergraduates between 18 and 24 years of age (34 women) answered a questionnaire about their use of mass media for ideas about romantic relationships and indicated how happy their parents' relationship seemed during the students' formative years. If sitcoms, dramas, magazine articles, or books were seen as realistic or presenting an ideal for which to strive in real life, students used ideas about romantic relationships presented more frequently, and they also more frequently explored sitcoms and dramas for ideas, but not magazines or books.

Author(s): 
Westman, Alida S.
Lynch, Teresa J.
Lewandowski, Lisa
Hunt-Carter, Erin
Publication Title: 
Academic Psychiatry: The Journal of the American Association of Directors of Psychiatric Residency Training and the Association for Academic Psychiatry

OBJECTIVE: This article describes how using media depictions of psychotherapy may help in teaching psychiatric residents. METHODS: Using the HBO series In Treatment as a model, the authors suggest how boundary transgressions and technical errors may inform residents about optimal psychotherapeutic approaches. RESULTS: The psychotherapy vignettes depicted in In Treatment show how errors in judgment may grow out of therapists' good intentions. These errors can be understood and used constructively for teaching.

Author(s): 
Gabbard, Glen
Horowitz, Mardi
Publication Title: 
Social Science & Medicine (1982)

The public profile of neurodevelopmental research has expanded in recent years. This paper applies social representations theory to explore how early brain development was represented in the UK print media in the first decade of the 21st century. A thematic analysis was performed on 505 newspaper articles published between 2000 and 2010 that discussed early brain development.

Author(s): 
O'Connor, Cliodhna
Joffe, Helene

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