Medical Marijuana

Publication Title: 
AIDS care

Chronic pain occurs in as many as 85% of individuals with HIV and is associated with substantial functional impairment. Little guidance is available for HIV providers seeking to address their patients' chronic pain. We conducted a systematic review to identify clinical trials and observational studies that examined the impact of pharmacologic or non-pharmacologic interventions on pain and/or functional outcomes among HIV-infected individuals with chronic pain in high-development countries. Eleven studies met inclusion criteria and were mostly low or very low quality.

Author(s): 
Merlin, Jessica S.
Bulls, Hailey W.
Vucovich, Lee A.
Edelman, E. Jennifer
Starrels, Joanna L.
Publication Title: 
Substance Abuse: Official Publication of the Association for Medical Education and Research in Substance Abuse

Medical marijuana is legal in some countries, including in many US states. At present, there are no government-mandated warnings on packages of marijuana, even though the substance has dangers similar to those of alcohol, tobacco, and various prescribed drugs. This article reports the results of an effort to collect marijuana warnings recommended by scientific experts on marijuana. The recommended warnings, the first ever from marijuana experts, come from 13 experts.

Author(s): 
Malouff, John M.
Rooke, Sally E.
Publication Title: 
Drug and Alcohol Dependence

BACKGROUND: Very little is known about medical marijuana users. The present study provides descriptive information on adults seeking medical marijuana and compares individuals seeking medical marijuana for the first time with those renewing their medical marijuana card on measures of substance use, pain and functioning. METHODS: Research staff approached patients (n=348) in the waiting area of a medical marijuana certification clinic.

Author(s): 
Ilgen, Mark A.
Bohnert, Kipling
Kleinberg, Felicia
Jannausch, Mary
Bohnert, Amy S. B.
Walton, Maureen
Blow, Frederic C.
Publication Title: 
Substance Abuse: Official Publication of the Association for Medical Education and Research in Substance Abuse

BACKGROUND: Over the past several years, many states, including Colorado, have approved medical marijuana legislation. There is concern that increased access to and visibility of medical marijuana may lead to harmful use. METHODS: This study examined changes in patients' marijuana use in 12 health care settings through a statewide screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) initiative.

Author(s): 
Richmond, Melissa K.
Page, Katie
Rivera, Laura S.
Reimann, Brie
Fischer, Leigh
Publication Title: 
Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing

Marijuana has been documented to provide relief to patients in palliative care. However, healthcare providers should use caution when discussing medical marijuana use with patients. This article features a case study that reveals the complexity of medical marijuana use. For oncology nurses to offer high-quality care, examining the pros and cons of medical marijuana use in the palliative care setting is important.

Author(s): 
Johannigman, Suzanne
Eschiti, Valerie
Publication Title: 
The International Journal on Drug Policy

BACKGROUND: The authorized and unauthorized use of cannabis for therapeutic purposes (CTP) has increased dramatically in recent years, and physicians have called for further research to better clarify the parameters of effective and appropriate use. We report findings from a large cross-sectional study of the use of CTP in Canada and compare use across medical conditions and across authorized and unauthorized users.

Author(s): 
Walsh, Zach
Callaway, Robert
Belle-Isle, Lynne
Capler, Rielle
Kay, Robert
Lucas, Philippe
Holtzman, Susan
Publication Title: 
Alcohol and Alcoholism (Oxford, Oxfordshire)

AIMS: Substituting cannabis for alcohol may reduce drinking and related problems among alcohol-dependent individuals. Some even recommend prescribing medical cannabis to individuals attempting to reduce drinking. The primary aim of this review is to assess whether cannabis satisfies the seven previously published criteria for substitute medications for alcohol [e.g.

Author(s): 
Subbaraman, Meenakshi Sabina
Publication Title: 
Social Work in Public Health

The policies, laws, politics, public opinions, and scientific inferences of medical marijuana are rapidly changing as the debate on medical use of marijuana has always been political, rather than scientific. Federal law has barred the use of medical marijuana though 18 state governments and Washington, DC, support the medical use of marijuana. Unfortunately, not many studies exist on medical marijuana to back these laws and policies. The judiciary, on the other hand, has elicited a diverse response to medical marijuana through its rulings over several decades.

Author(s): 
Rubens, Muni
Publication Title: 
Drug and Alcohol Dependence

BACKGROUND: The use of cannabis for medical purposes is proliferating in the U.S., and PTSD is an explicitly approved condition for accessing medical cannabis in 5 states. Prior research suggests that people with PTSD often use cannabis to help cope with their condition, and that doing so results in more frequent and problematic cannabis use patterns. Specific coping motivations, such as sleep improvement, among medical cannabis users, have not been examined.

Author(s): 
Bonn-Miller, Marcel O.
Babson, Kimberly A.
Vandrey, Ryan
Publication Title: 
Missouri Medicine

Recent years have seen substantial shifts in cultural attitudes towards marijuana for medical and recreational use. Potential problems with the approval, production, dispensation, route of administration, and negative health effects of medical and recreational marijuana are reviewed. Medical marijuana should be subject to the same rigorous approval process as other medications prescribed by physicians. Legalizing recreational marijuana may have negative public health effects.

Author(s): 
Wilkinson, Samuel T.

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