Medical Oncology

Publication Title: 
Forschende Komplementarmedizin (2006)

This paper provides a comprehensive overview of the relevant existing evidence, and critically appraises the use of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) in cancer care. Furthermore, a meta-analysis was conducted in order to investigate the effect of MBSR on quality of life (QoL), mood, and distress. Besides 6 reviews (5 systematic, 1 meta-analytic) which are reported separately, a total of 19 original research papers fully met the inclusion criteria for the systematic review.

Author(s): 
Musial, Frauke
Büssing, Arndt
Heusser, Peter
Choi, Kyung-Eun
Ostermann, Thomas
Publication Title: 
Integrative Cancer Therapies

The purpose of this article is to (1) provide a comprehensive over view and discussion of mindfulness meditation and its clinical applicability in oncology and (2) report and critically evaluate the existing and emerging research on mindfulness meditation as an intervention for cancer patients. Using relevant keywords, a comprehensive search of MEDLINE, PsycInfo, and Ovid was completed along with a review of published abstracts from the annual conferences sponsored by the Center for Mindfulness in Medicine, Health Care, and Society and the American Psychosocial Oncology Society.

Author(s): 
Ott, Mary Jane
Norris, Rebecca L.
Bauer-Wu, Susan M.
Publication Title: 
Psycho-Oncology

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to present and critically appraise the evidence for the use of mindfulness-based interventions in cancer care. METHODS: Systematic review methods were used. A thorough search of relevant major and specialised electronic databases was made and unpublished and ongoing work was also identified. Both qualitative and quantitative studies were eligible for inclusion. Information about aims, design, participant sample, measures, findings and intervention details were extracted from each study.

Author(s): 
Shennan, Christina
Payne, Sheila
Fenlon, Deborah
Publication Title: 
Journal of Pediatric Nursing

This integrative review aims to identify evidence in four electronic databases (MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsyINFO, and COCHRANE) regarding the effectiveness of complementary and alternative medical interventions, either alone or as an adjunct to pharmacological therapy, in alleviating procedure-related pain, anxiety, and distress in children and adolescents with cancer. A total of 32 articles met inclusion criteria.

Author(s): 
Landier, Wendy
Tse, Alice M.
Publication Title: 
Journal of developmental and behavioral pediatrics: JDBP

Children who suffer from cancer have to endure regular, painful medical procedures that are associated with a considerable degree of psychosocial distress. Hypnosis has been successfully employed in the management of pain and distress in the adult population, but is not well studied in pediatric populations. This review systematically evaluates the systematic research conducted in the field of procedure-related pain management in pediatric oncology within the context of a nationally agreed framework for the assessment of research evidence.

Author(s): 
Wild, Matt R.
Espie, Colin A.
Publication Title: 
Pediatric Blood & Cancer

Youth with cancer undergo many repeated and invasive medical procedures that are often painful and highly distressing. A systematic review of published research since 1995 identified 65 papers (11 review articles and 54 empirical studies) that investigated preparatory information and psychological interventions for a variety of medical procedures in pediatric cancer. Distraction, combined cognitive-behavioral strategies, and hypnosis were identified as effective for reducing child pain and increasing child coping.

Author(s): 
Flowers, Stacy R.
Birnie, Kathryn A.
Publication Title: 
Current Treatment Options in Oncology

OPINION STATEMENT: Current technology suggests that acupuncture modulates neurological processes within the central nervous system, especially the spinal cord gating mechanisms, cerebral subcortical nuclei, and the hypothalamic-endocrine axis. Many single arm clinical studies report the effectiveness of acupuncture for controlling symptoms in cancer patients. However, the challenge has been to separate the nonspecific effects of the practitioner, as well as regression to the mean, from the neurophysiological effects of needle penetration.

Author(s): 
Sagar, Stephen M.
Publication Title: 
Current Treatment Options in Oncology

OPINION STATEMENT: Current technology suggests that acupuncture modulates neurological processes within the central nervous system, especially the spinal cord gating mechanisms, cerebral subcortical nuclei, and the hypothalamic-endocrine axis. Many single arm clinical studies report the effectiveness of acupuncture for controlling symptoms in cancer patients. However, the challenge has been to separate the nonspecific effects of the practitioner, as well as regression to the mean, from the neurophysiological effects of needle penetration.

Author(s): 
Sagar, Stephen M.
Publication Title: 
Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer

GOALS OF WORK: Therapeutic touch (TT) is a complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) treatment modeled on the ancient practice of "laying on of hands" that has been developed into a contemporary supportive care intervention. Evidence-based support for TT is emerging with increasingly more sophisticated studies; however, flaws in early research contributed to a perception that TT is poor science. Yet TT is a safe CAM treatment that is highly valued by patients and can be integrated into conventional settings.

Author(s): 
Stephen, Joanne E.
Mackenzie, Gina
Sample, Sarah
Macdonald, Jennifer
Publication Title: 
Tumori

AIMS AND BACKGROUND: Research on the topic of hope began a long time ago but, more recently, interest in this construct has focused mainly on the development of psychometric tools for its assessment. The 2 steps of the present article are defining the construct of hope by completing a preliminary review of the literature and analyzing the tools used to assess hope in the setting of oncologic medicine, conducting a systematic review of the existing scientific literature. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Our study was conducted in 2 stages.

Author(s): 
Piccinelli, Claudia
Clerici, Carlo Alfredo
Veneroni, Laura
Ferrari, Andrea
Proserpio, Tullio

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