Medicine, Chinese Traditional

Publication Title: 
Complementary Therapies in Nursing & Midwifery

Complementary therapies are becoming increasingly popular in cultures dominated by biomedicine. Modalities are often extracted from various healing systems and cultural contexts and integrated into health care, expanding the focus from treatment of disease to the promotion of health. The cultural aspects of biomedicine are presented and compared and contrasted with other healing systems. Three healing systems; traditional Chinese medicine, Yoga, with roots in Ayurvedic medicine and Shamanic healing illustrate these fundamental differences in approaches to healing.

Author(s): 
Engebretson, Joan
Publication Title: 
Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift (1946)

Many hypertensive patients try complementary/alternative medicine for blood pressure control. Based on extensive electronic literature searches, the evidence from clinical trials is summarised. Numerous herbal remedies, non-herbal remedies and other approaches have been tested and some seem to have antihypertensive effects. The effect size is usually modest, and independent replications are frequently missing. The most encouraging data pertain to garlic, autogenic training, biofeedback and yoga. More research is required before firm recommendations can be offered.

Author(s): 
Ernst, Edzard
Publication Title: 
Complementary Therapies in Nursing & Midwifery

Orthodox medicine generally demands evidence in the form of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) before accepting the value of a particular therapy/intervention from the CAM field. Yet many RCTs are badly executed as they are carried out by doctors or scientists rather than holistic practitioners, and peer reviewers for conventional medical journals may not have sufficient knowledge to be able to assess a CAM paper properly. This article discusses inadequacies found in RCTs and other papers related to CAM, and pinpoints how research should be critically evaluated and reviewed.

Author(s): 
Veal, Lowana
Publication Title: 
Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine

As complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies become increasingly accepted healthcare options, it is of major importance for CAM institutions to enhance research literacy and an evidence-based perspective in their curricula. A research education program for students and faculty at the Oregon College of Oriental Medicine (OCOM), developed in collaboration with the Oregon Health & Science University School of Nursing, has been supported by an R25 award from the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM).

Author(s): 
Lasater, Kathie
Salanti, Sonya
Fleishman, Susan
Coletto, Joseph
Jin, Hong
Lore, Roger
Hammerschlag, Richard
Publication Title: 
Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine

Chinese medicine is among other traditional medical systems practiced either as a coadjutant intervention to Greek medicine or as the unique therapeutic intervention for illness prevention, treatment or rehabilitation. The complete spectrum from that traditional system includes acupuncture and moxibustion, herbal and food therapy, massage therapy (tuina), physical exercises (taijiquan), and breathing exercises (qigong).

Author(s): 
de Sá Ferreira, Arthur
Publication Title: 
Complementary Therapies in Medicine

BACKGROUND: There is no curative treatment for chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is widely used in the treatment of CFS in China. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of TCM for CFS. METHODS: The protocol of this review is registered at PROSPERO. We searched six main databases for randomized clinical trials (RCTs) on TCM for CFS from their inception to September 2013. The Cochrane risk of bias tool was used to assess the methodological quality. We used RevMan 5.1 to synthesize the results.

Author(s): 
Wang, Yu-Yi
Li, Xin-Xue
Liu, Jian-Ping
Luo, Hui
Ma, Li-Xin
Alraek, Terje
Publication Title: 
Oncotarget

BACKGROUND: Cancer patients suffer from diverse symptoms, including depression, anxiety, pain, and fatigue and lower quality of life (QoL) during disease progression. This study aimed to evaluate the benefits of Traditional Chinese Medicine psycho-behavioral interventions (TCM PBIs) on improving QoL by meta-analysis. RESULTS: The six TCM PBIs analyzed were acupuncture, Chinese massage, Traditional Chinese Medicine five elements musical intervention (TCM FEMI), Traditional Chinese Medicine dietary supplement (TCM DS), Qigong and Tai Chi.

Author(s): 
Tao, Weiwei
Luo, Xi
Cui, Bai
Liang, Dapeng
Wang, Chunli
Duan, Yangyang
Li, Xiaofen
Zhou, Shiyu
Zhao, Mingjie
Li, Yi
He, Yumin
Wang, Shaowu
Kelley, Keith W.
Jiang, Ping
Liu, Quentin
Publication Title: 
Complementary Therapies in Medicine

This guideline aims to provide a methodological guidance for clinical studies in TCM and integrative medicine in terms of study design, execution, and reporting. The commonly used methods including experimental and observational methods were introduced in this guideline such as randomized clinical trials, cohort study, case-control study, case series, and qualitative method which can be incorporated into above quantitative methods. The guideline can be used for the evaluation of therapeutic effect of TCM therapies or their combination with conventional therapy.

Author(s): 
Liu, Jian-Ping
Chen, Ke-ji
guideline development team
Publication Title: 
Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer

PURPOSE: Qigong as a complementary and alternative modality of traditional Chinese medicine is often used by cancer patients to manage their symptoms. The aim of this systematic review is to critically evaluate the effectiveness of qigong exercise in cancer care. METHODS: Thirteen databases were searched from their inceptions through November 2010. All controlled clinical trials of qigong exercise among cancer patients were included. The strength of the evidence was evaluated for all included studies using the Oxford Centre for Evidence-based Medicine Levels of Evidence.

Author(s): 
Chan, Cecilia L. W.
Wang, Chong-Wen
Ho, Rainbow T. H.
Ng, Siu-man
Chan, Jessie S. M.
Ziea, Eric T. C.
Wong, Vivian C. W.
Publication Title: 
PloS One

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Several studies assessed the efficacy of traditional Chinese medical exercise in the management of Parkinson's disease (PD), but its role remained controversial. Therefore, the purpose of this systematic review is to evaluate the evidence on the effect of traditional Chinese medical exercise for PD. METHODS: Seven English and Chinese electronic databases, up to October 2014, were searched to identify relevant studies. The PEDro scale was employed to assess the methodological quality of eligible studies. Meta-analysis was performed by RevMan 5.1 software.

Author(s): 
Yang, Yan
Qiu, Wei Qing
Hao, Yan Lei
Lv, Zhan Yun
Jiao, Shu Ji
Teng, Jun Feng

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