Medicine, Kampo

Publication Title: 
The Journal of International Medical Research

Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is a complete system of healing that developed in China about 3000 years ago, and includes herbal medicine, acupuncture, moxibustion and massage, etc. In recent decades the use of TCM has become more popular in China and throughout the world. Traditional Japanese medicine has been used for 1500 years and includes Kampo-yaku (herbal medicine), acupuncture and acupressure. Kampo is now widely practised in Japan and is fully integrated into the modern health-care system. Kampo is based on TCM but has been adapted to Japanese culture.

Author(s): 
Yu, F.
Takahashi, T.
Moriya, J.
Kawaura, K.
Yamakawa, J.
Kusaka, K.
Itoh, T.
Morimoto, S.
Yamaguchi, N.
Kanda, T.
Publication Title: 
International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology

OBJECTIVE: To assess the evidence-based literature supporting the use of traditional Chinese medicine Kampo herbal and Acupuncture in stone disease management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four of the most commonly used herbal components of Kampo medicine in the treatment of stone disease are described according to their in vitro and in vivo effects. We also reviewed the role of Acupuncture in urologic clinical setting as well as its proposed mechanisms of action and results.

Author(s): 
Miyaoka, Ricardo
Monga, Manoj
Publication Title: 
The Journal of International Medical Research

Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is a complete system of healing that developed in China about 3000 years ago, and includes herbal medicine, acupuncture, moxibustion and massage, etc. In recent decades the use of TCM has become more popular in China and throughout the world. Traditional Japanese medicine has been used for 1500 years and includes Kampo-yaku (herbal medicine), acupuncture and acupressure. Kampo is now widely practised in Japan and is fully integrated into the modern health-care system. Kampo is based on TCM but has been adapted to Japanese culture.

Author(s): 
Yu, F.
Takahashi, T.
Moriya, J.
Kawaura, K.
Yamakawa, J.
Kusaka, K.
Itoh, T.
Morimoto, S.
Yamaguchi, N.
Kanda, T.
Publication Title: 
Thorax

BACKGROUND: Asthma is one of the most common chronic diseases in modern society and there is increasing evidence to suggest that its incidence and severity are increasing. There is a high prevalence of usage of complementary medicine for asthma. Herbal preparations have been cited as the third most popular complementary treatment modality by British asthma sufferers. This study was undertaken to determine if there is any evidence for the clinical efficacy of herbal preparations for the treatment of asthma symptoms.

Author(s): 
Huntley, A.
Ernst, E.
Publication Title: 
Thorax

BACKGROUND: Asthma is one of the most common chronic diseases in modern society and there is increasing evidence to suggest that its incidence and severity are increasing. There is a high prevalence of usage of complementary medicine for asthma. Herbal preparations have been cited as the third most popular complementary treatment modality by British asthma sufferers. This study was undertaken to determine if there is any evidence for the clinical efficacy of herbal preparations for the treatment of asthma symptoms.

Author(s): 
Huntley, A.
Ernst, E.
Publication Title: 
The European Respiratory Journal

The aim of the present study was to elucidate whether Chinese traditional herbal drugs, Gorei-San (TJ-17) and Toki-Shakuyaku-San (TJ-23), affect airway smooth muscle tone and, if so, to determine what the mechanism of action is. Rabbit tracheal segments were isolated and the contractile responses to electrical field stimulation and acetylcholine were measured before and after the application of TJ-17 or TJ-23 under isometric conditions in vitro. Ouabain-sensitive rubidium-86 (86Rb) uptake by tissues in response to each drug was also measured.

Author(s): 
Tagaya, E.
Tamaoki, J.
Kawatani, K.
Taira, M.
Nagai, A.
Publication Title: 
Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin

Rikkunshi-to, a gastrointestinal function regulatory traditional Chinese herbal (Kampo) medicine, has recently been evaluated for its clinical usefulness in stress and depression. This medicine has modulatory effects on the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis and autonomic nervous function. We examined the effect of Rikkunshi-to and the other gastrointestinal function regulatory Kampo medicines, Hange-shashin-to, Hange-koboku-to, and Ninjin-to, on the plasma levels of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) and cortisol under stress conditions by repetitive blood sampling.

Author(s): 
Naito, Takafumi
Itoh, Hiroki
Takeyama, Masaharu
Publication Title: 
Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin

Sho-saiko-to, one of the most frequently prescribed Kampo medicines, is used clinically to treat chronic hepatitis and has shown confirmed clinical efficacy. The present study investigated whether Sho-saiko-to can suppress cytotoxicity and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha production in endotoxin-treated J774A.1 cells. Sho-saiko-to (10-20 microg/ml) did not affect the proliferation of J774A.1 cells, while a high concentration (50 microg/ml) of Sho-saiko-to induced a slight reduction in cell viability.

Author(s): 
Sakaguchi, Shuhei
Furusawa, Shinobu
Publication Title: 
Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin

Sho-hange-ka-bukuryou-to, a traditional Chinese herbal (Kampo) medicine, has been used to treat hyperemesis of pregnancy, nausea and vomiting. Most traditional herbal medicines are prepared from several herbs. For example, Sho-hange-ka-bukuryo-to is prepared from three herbs: Pinelliae Tuber, Zingiberis Rhizoma and Hoelen. Thus, to determine the precise mechanism of the pharmacological effects of Chinese herbal medicines is too difficult. So we have elucidated the effect of some Chinese herbal medicines by examining the change of the plasma levels of brain-gut peptides.

Author(s): 
Katagiri, Fumihiko
Itoh, Hiroki
Takeyama, Masaharu
Publication Title: 
Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin

Sho-hange-ka-bukuryo-to and Nichin-to, traditional Chinese herbal (Kampo) medicines have been used to treat vomiting and nausea. Traditional herbal medicines have frequently been used in the empirical treatment. Some patients who take these medicines have no organic disease but have conditions classified as non-ulcer dyspepsia (NUD).

Author(s): 
Katagiri, Fumihiko
Inoue, Shin
Sato, Yuhki
Itoh, Hiroki
Takeyama, Masaharu

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