Meditation

Publication Title: 
BioMed Research International

Over the past decade mind and body practices, such as yoga and meditation, have raised interest in different scientific fields; in particular, the physiological mechanisms underlying the beneficial effects observed in meditators have been investigated. Neuroimaging studies have studied the effects of meditation on brain structure and function and findings have helped clarify the biological underpinnings of the positive effects of meditation practice and the possible integration of this technique in standard therapy.

Author(s): 
Boccia, Maddalena
Piccardi, Laura
Guariglia, Paola
Publication Title: 
PloS One

BACKGROUND: Bias in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of complementary therapy interventions seems to be associated with specific factors and to potentially distort the studies' conclusions. This systematic review assessed associated factors of risk of bias and consequences for the studies' conclusions in RCTs of yoga as one of the most commonly used complementary therapies. METHODS: Medline/PubMed, Scopus, IndMED and the Cochrane Library were searched through February 2014 for yoga RCTs.

Author(s): 
Cramer, Holger
Langhorst, Jost
Dobos, Gustav
Lauche, Romy
Publication Title: 
Frontiers in Psychology

Interoception can be broadly defined as the sense of signals originating within the body. As such, interoception is critical for our sense of embodiment, motivation, and well-being. And yet, despite its importance, interoception remains poorly understood within modern science. This paper reviews interdisciplinary perspectives on interoception, with the goal of presenting a unified perspective from diverse fields such as neuroscience, clinical practice, and contemplative studies.

Author(s): 
Farb, Norman
Daubenmier, Jennifer
Price, Cynthia J.
Gard, Tim
Kerr, Catherine
Dunn, Barnaby D.
Klein, Anne Carolyn
Paulus, Martin P.
Mehling, Wolf E.
Publication Title: 
Explore (New York, N.Y.)

BACKGROUND: Fatigue is one of the most frequently reported, distressing side effects reported by cancer survivors and often has significant long-term consequences. Research indicates that yoga can produce invigorating effects on physical and mental energy, and thereby may improve levels of fatigue. The objective of this systematic review was to examine the literature that reports the effects of randomized, controlled yoga interventions on self-reported fatigue in cancer patients and survivors.

Author(s): 
Sadja, Julie
Mills, Paul J.
Publication Title: 
Explore (New York, N.Y.)

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article was to present a methodology incorporating existing guidelines and tools for systematic reviews and to evaluate the Delphi survey 33 key component recommendations of yoga interventions for musculoskeletal conditions as a tool for a systematic review in fibromyalgia studies. DATA SOURCES: Databases searched included PubMed, Ovid Medline, PsychINFO, the Cochrane Library, CINAHL, ALT HealthWatch, PEDro, and Web of Science.

Author(s): 
Fischer-White, Tamara G.
Anderson, Joel G.
Taylor, Ann Gill
Publication Title: 
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences

Research on the efficacy of yoga for improving mental, emotional, physical, and behavioral health characteristics in school settings is a recent but growing field of inquiry. This systematic review of research on school-based yoga interventions published in peer-reviewed journals offers a bibliometric analysis that identified 47 publications. The studies from these publications have been conducted primarily in the United States (n = 30) and India (n = 15) since 2005, with the majority of studies (n = 41) conducted from 2010 onward.

Author(s): 
Khalsa, Sat Bir S.
Butzer, Bethany
Publication Title: 
Journal of Behavioral Medicine

Yoga has become increasingly popular in the US and around the world, yet because most yoga research is conducted as clinical trials or experiments, little is known about the characteristics and correlates of people who independently choose to practice yoga. We conducted a systematic review of this issue, identifying 55 studies and categorizing correlates of yoga practice into sociodemographics, psychosocial characteristics, and mental and physical well-being.

Author(s): 
Park, Crystal L.
Braun, Tosca
Siegel, Tamar
Publication Title: 
BMC complementary and alternative medicine

BACKGROUND: A growing number of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have investigated the therapeutic value of yoga interventions. This bibliometric analysis aimed to provide a comprehensive review of the characteristics of the totality of available randomized yoga trials. METHODS: All RCTs of yoga were eligible. Medline/PubMed, Scopus, the Cochrane Library, IndMED, and the tables of content of yoga specialty journals not listed in medical databases were screened through February 2014. Bibliometric data, data on participants, and intervention were extracted and analyzed descriptively.

Author(s): 
Cramer, Holger
Lauche, Romy
Dobos, Gustav
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

OBJECTIVES: Every second 4.3 births occur in the world, signifying the magnitude and importance of pregnancy. This study looked at yoga interventions done from 2008 to December 2013 and examined whether yoga can be an efficacious approach for influencing maternal and birth outcomes in pregnancy. DESIGN: A systematic search of MEDLINE (PubMed), CINAHL, Alt HealthWatch, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and ACP Journal Club databases was conducted for quantitative articles of pregnancy involving all schools of yoga.

Author(s): 
Sharma, Manoj
Branscum, Paul
Publication Title: 
Complementary Therapies in Medicine

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review was to assess the effectiveness of yoga as a treatment option for any type of pain. METHOD: Seven databases were searched from their inception to February 2011. Randomized clinical trials were considered if they investigated yoga in patients with any type of pain and if they assessed pain as a primary outcome measure. The 5-point Jadad scale was used to assess methodological quality of studies. The selection of studies, data extraction and quality assessment were performed independently by two reviewers.

Author(s): 
Posadzki, Paul
Ernst, Edzard
Terry, Rohini
Lee, Myeong Soo

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