Melanoma

Publication Title: 
BMC cancer

BACKGROUND: Cancer is a significant and growing problem worldwide. While this increase may, in part, be attributed to increasing longevity, improved case notifications and risk-enhancing lifestyle (such as smoking, diet and obesity), hygiene-related factors resulting in immuno-regulatory failure may also play a major role and call for a revision of vaccination strategies to protect against a range of cancers in addition to infections. DISCUSSION: Human endogenous retroviruses (HERVs) are a significant component of a wider family of retroelements that constitutes part of the human genome.

Author(s): 
Cegolon, Luca
Salata, Cristiano
Weiderpass, Elisabete
Vineis, Paolo
Pal˘, Giorgio
Mastrangelo, Giuseppe
Publication Title: 
BMC cancer

BACKGROUND: Cancer is a significant and growing problem worldwide. While this increase may, in part, be attributed to increasing longevity, improved case notifications and risk-enhancing lifestyle (such as smoking, diet and obesity), hygiene-related factors resulting in immuno-regulatory failure may also play a major role and call for a revision of vaccination strategies to protect against a range of cancers in addition to infections. DISCUSSION: Human endogenous retroviruses (HERVs) are a significant component of a wider family of retroelements that constitutes part of the human genome.

Author(s): 
Cegolon, Luca
Salata, Cristiano
Weiderpass, Elisabete
Vineis, Paolo
Pal˘, Giorgio
Mastrangelo, Giuseppe
Publication Title: 
Cancer Research

The telomerase ribonucleoprotein is a promising target for cancer therapy, as it is highly active in many human malignancies. A novel telomerase targeting approach combines short interfering RNA (siRNA) knockdown of endogenous human telomerase RNA (hTer) with expression of a mutant-template hTer (MT-hTer). Such combination MT-hTer/siRNA constructs induce a rapid DNA damage response, telomere uncapping, and inhibition of cell proliferation in a variety of human cancer cell lines.

Author(s): 
Goldkorn, Amir
Blackburn, Elizabeth H.
Publication Title: 
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

Recent studies have demonstrated a role for telomerase in driving tumor progression, but its mechanism of action remains unclear. Here we show that stable, ribozyme-mediated suppression of mouse telomerase RNA reduced telomerase RNA expression, telomerase activity, and telomere length, which significantly reduced tumor invasion and metastatic potential. Our studies reveal that previously unidentified effects of telomerase may mediate its tumor-promoting effects.

Author(s): 
Bagheri, Sepideh
Nosrati, Mehdi
Li, Shang
Fong, Sylvia
Torabian, Sima
Rangel, Javier
Moore, Dan H.
Federman, Scot
Laposa, Rebecca R.
Baehner, Frederick L.
Sagebiel, Richard W.
Cleaver, James E.
Haqq, Christopher
Debs, Robert J.
Blackburn, Elizabeth H.
Kashani-Sabet, Mohammed
Publication Title: 
Experimental and Molecular Pathology

Melanoma is a highly aggressive cancer, accounting for up to 75% of skin cancer deaths. A small proportion of melanoma cases can be ascribed to the presence of highly penetrant germline mutations, and approximately 40% of hereditary melanoma cases are caused by CDKN2A mutations. The current study sought to investigate whether the presence of germline CDKN2A mutations or the occurrence of cutaneous melanoma would result in constitutive genome-wide DNA methylation changes.

Author(s): 
de Ara˙jo, …rica Sara Souza
Marchi, Fabio Albuquerque
Rodrigues, Tatiane Cristina
Vieira, Henrique Cursino
Kuasne, Hellen
Achatz, Maria Isabel Waddington
Moredo, Luciana Facure
de S·, Bianca Costa Soares
Duprat, Jo„o Pereira
Brentani, Helena Paula
Rosenberg, Carla
Carraro, Dirce Maria
Krepischi, Ana Cristina Victorino
Publication Title: 
The British Journal of Dermatology

Background Current knowledge of quality of life (QOL) issues affecting patients with nonmetastatic skin cancer is unsatisfactory, being based either on the use of QOL questionnaires derived from dermatology patients with predominantly benign lesions or inflammatory skin rashes, or on the use of general health QOL questionnaires. Objectives We sought to determine the impact of nonmetastatic skin cancer on patients' lives by asking such patients for their written opinions.

Author(s): 
Burdon-Jones, D.
Thomas, P.
Baker, R.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis

Many patients experience some degree of anxiety and/or discomfort during dermatologic procedures. For most patients this anxiety or discomfort is tolerable, but a few find it intolerable to the point of interference with the accomplishment of the procedure. A case is presented in which a 51 -year-old female experienced so much anxiety that it jeopardized the continuation of a necessary procedure. When (with her consent) a trance state was induced through hypnosis, she relaxed and remained in a pleasant mental condition for the remainder of the procedure.

Author(s): 
Shenefelt, Philip D.
Publication Title: 
Voprosy Onkologii

The study group included 21 patients with malignant melanoma stage II-IV, aged 25-67, and 25 patients, aged 28-68, (control) with stomach tumors stage I-IV. All patients received individually-tailored hypnosis. Our newly-developed methods used batteries of suggestive images to deal with non-psychotic disorders and to map out strategies to support immunocompromised patients. In group 1, suggestion stimulated the "devouring" effect of the "patroling" cells.

Author(s): 
Bukhtoiarov, O. V.
Kozhevnikov, V. S.
Samarin, D. M.
Solov'ëva, I. G.
Pronkina, N. V.
Shishikova, I. V.
Kozlov, V. A.
Publication Title: 
Memórias Do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz

The vast majority of the 1-2 million malaria associated deaths that occur each year are due to anemia and cerebral malaria (the attachment of erythrocytes containing mature forms of Plasmodium falciparum to the endothelial cells that line the vascular beds of the brain). A "model system" for the study of cerebral malaria employs amelanotic melanoma cells as the "target" cells in an in vitro cytoadherence assay.

Author(s): 
Smith, H.
Crandall, I.
Prudhomme, J.
Sherman, I. W.
Publication Title: 
Investigational New Drugs

Recent research suggests that altered redox control of melanoma cell survival, proliferation, and invasiveness represents a chemical vulnerability that can be targeted by pharmacological modulation of cellular oxidative stress. The endoperoxide artemisinin and semisynthetic artemisinin-derivatives including dihydroartemisinin (DHA) constitute a major class of antimalarials that kill plasmodium parasites through induction of iron-dependent oxidative stress.

Author(s): 
Cabello, Christopher M.
Lamore, Sarah D.
Bair, Warner B.
Qiao, Shuxi
Azimian, Sara
Lesson, Jessica L.
Wondrak, Georg T.

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