Membrane Transport Proteins

Publication Title: 
Natural Product Research

This study was carried out to evaluate the possible efflux-pump inhibitory activity of a gallotannin 1,2,6-tri-O-galloyl-?-D-glucopyranose isolated from Terminalia chebula fruit against multidrug-resistant (MDR) uropathogenic Escherichia coli. Susceptibility tests of antibiotics and ethidium bromide in the presence and absence of isolated gallotannin and phenylalanine-arginine ?-naphthylamide (PA?N) were conducted by using the microbroth dilution assay.

Author(s): 
Bag, Anwesa
Chattopadhyay, Rabi Ranjan
Publication Title: 
MÈdecine Sciences: M/S

During the last decade, studies aimed at investigating genes and molecular pathways involved in aging have been very fruitful and led to the identification of several mechanisms responsible for aging. Overall, those results put forward the capacity of cells and organisms to sense and respond to stress, as a critical factor for a healthy and long life. Those molecular pathways are tightly linked with the overall metabolism of an organism.

Author(s): 
Terret, Catherine
Solari, Florence
Publication Title: 
Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin

Candida albicans is one of the most prevalent human opportunistic pathogens. C. albicans undergoes a yeast-to-hyphal transition that has been identified as a virulence factor as well as a critical element for mature biofilm formation. A previous study in our lab showed retigeric acid B (RAB), a lichen derived pentacyclic triterpenoid, displayed synergistic antifungal activity with azoles. We now showed that this combination also proved to be adequate in combating the formation of hyphae in vitro.

Author(s): 
Chang, Wenqiang
Li, Ying
Zhang, Li
Cheng, Aixia
Liu, Yongqing
Lou, Hongxiang
Publication Title: 
Aging Cell

Clear evidence exists for heritability of human longevity, and much interest is focused on identifying genes associated with longer lives. To identify such longevity alleles, we performed the largest genome-wide linkage scan thus far reported. Linkage analyses included 2118 nonagenarian Caucasian sibling pairs that have been enrolled in 15 study centers of 11 European countries as part of the Genetics of Healthy Aging (GEHA) project.

Author(s): 
Beekman, Marian
BlanchÈ, HÈlËne
Perola, Markus
Hervonen, Anti
Bezrukov, Vladyslav
Sikora, Ewa
Flachsbart, Friederike
Christiansen, Lene
de Craen, Anton J. M.
Kirkwood, Tom B. L.
Rea, Irene Maeve
Poulain, Michel
Robine, Jean-Marie
Valensin, Silvana
Stazi, Maria Antonietta
Passarino, Giuseppe
Deiana, Luca
Gonos, Efstathios S.
Paternoster, Lavinia
S¯rensen, Thorkild I. A.
Tan, Qihua
Helmer, Quinta
van den Akker, Erik B.
Deelen, Joris
Martella, Francesca
Cordell, Heather J.
Ayers, Kristin L.
Vaupel, James W.
Tˆrnwall, Outi
Johnson, Thomas E.
Schreiber, Stefan
Lathrop, Mark
Skytthe, Axel
Westendorp, Rudi G. J.
Christensen, Kaare
Gampe, Jutta
Nebel, Almut
Houwing-Duistermaat, Jeanine J.
Slagboom, Pieternella Eline
Franceschi, Claudio
GEHA consortium
Publication Title: 
Experimental Gerontology

Apolipoprotein D (ApoD), a member of the Lipocalin family, is the gene most up-regulated with age in the mammalian brain. Its expression strongly correlates with aging-associated neurodegenerative and metabolic diseases. Two homologues of ApoD expressed in the Drosophila brain, Glial Lazarillo (GLaz) and Neural Lazarillo (NLaz), are known to alter longevity in male flies. However, sex differences in the aging process have not been explored so far for these genes.

Author(s): 
Ruiz, Mario
Sanchez, Diego
Canal, Inmaculada
Acebes, Angel
Ganfornina, Maria D.
Publication Title: 
MÈdecine Sciences: M/S

During the last decade, studies aimed at investigating genes and molecular pathways involved in aging have been very fruitful and led to the identification of several mechanisms responsible for aging. Overall, those results put forward the capacity of cells and organisms to sense and respond to stress, as a critical factor for a healthy and long life. Those molecular pathways are tightly linked with the overall metabolism of an organism.

Author(s): 
Terret, Catherine
Solari, Florence
Publication Title: 
Science (New York, N.Y.)

Plasmodium falciparum chloroquine resistance is a major cause of worldwide increases in malaria mortality and morbidity. Recent laboratory and clinical studies have associated chloroquine resistance with point mutations in the gene pfcrt. However, direct proof of a causal relationship has remained elusive and most models have posited a multigenic basis of resistance.

Author(s): 
Sidhu, Amar Bir Singh
Verdier-Pinard, Dominik
Fidock, David A.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene

We have analyzed artemisinin sensitivity in Plasmodium falciparum isolates obtained from patients in South Vietnam and show that artemisinin sensitivity does not differ before and after drug treatment. There was an increase in the level of mefloquine resistance in the isolates after drug treatment that was concomitant with a decrease in chloroquine resistance, suggesting that treatment with artemisinin has selected for increased mefloquine resistance. Mutations in the pfmdr1 gene, previously shown to be associated with sensitivity to mefloquine, were selected against.

Author(s): 
Ngo, Thanh
Duraisingh, Manoj
Reed, Michael
Hipgrave, David
Biggs, Beverley
Cowman, Alan F.
Publication Title: 
Lancet (London, England)

BACKGROUND: The borders of Thailand harbour the world's most multidrug resistant Plasmodium falciparum parasites. In 1984 mefloquine was introduced as treatment for uncomplicated falciparum malaria, but substantial resistance developed within 6 years. A combination of artesunate with mefloquine now cures more than 95% of acute infections. For both treatment regimens, the underlying mechanisms of resistance are not known.

Author(s): 
Price, Ric N.
Uhlemann, Anne-Catrin
Brockman, Alan
McGready, Rose
Ashley, Elizabeth
Phaipun, Lucy
Patel, Rina
Laing, Kenneth
Looareesuwan, Sornchai
White, Nicholas J.
Nosten, François
Krishna, Sanjeev
Publication Title: 
Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy

Malaria parasites carrying genes conferring resistance to antimalarials are thought to have a selective advantage which leads to higher rates of transmissibility from the drug-treated host. This is a likely mechanism for the increasing prevalence of parasites with resistance to chloroquine (CQ) and sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine in sub-Saharan Africa. Combination therapy is the key strategy being implemented to reduce the impact of resistance, but its effect on the transmission of genetically resistant parasites from treated patients to mosquito vectors has not been measured directly.

Author(s): 
Hallett, Rachel L.
Sutherland, Colin J.
Alexander, Neal
Ord, Rosalynn
Jawara, Musa
Drakeley, Chris J.
Pinder, Margaret
Walraven, Gijs
Targett, Geoffrey A. T.
Alloueche, Ali

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