Mental Health

Publication Title: 
Archives of Internal Medicine

BACKGROUND: Physical activity is associated with reduced risks of chronic diseases and premature death. Whether physical activity is also associated with improved overall health among those who survive to older ages is unclear. METHODS: A total of 13,535 Nurses' Health Study participants who were free of major chronic diseases at baseline in 1986 and had survived to age 70 years or older as of the 1995-2001 period made up the study population.

Sun, Qi
Townsend, Mary K.
Okereke, Olivia I.
Franco, Oscar H.
Hu, Frank B.
Grodstein, Francine
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Aging & Human Development

The primary objective of the Iowa Centenarian Study is to further our understanding of determinants of exceptional longevity above and beyond health outcomes, particularly in rural environments. This introductory article provides a general overview of the study, its methodology and basic descriptive results. One hundred and fifty-two centenarians from a rural state participated in the study (average age was 101.6 years).

Martin, Peter
Deshpande-Kamat, Neha
Margrett, Jennifer A.
Franke, Warren
Garasky, Steven
Publication Title: 
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi
Zhu, Z. M.
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Aging & Human Development

The health, illness, and life styles of the oldest Palauans were investigated by interview and examination in their homes. Thirty-eight citizens ranged in age from 86 to 111. Ten were 100 years or older. They were in unusually good physical and mental health. The most common physical problem is arthritis. Life style is described in terms of diet, physical activity, smoking and drinking habits, use of medical services, and living conditions.

Jensen, G. D.
Polloi, A. H.
Publication Title: 
Nutrition Research (New York, N.Y.)

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a group behavior change intervention involving self-selected, contextualized, and mediated goal setting on anthropometric, affective, and dietary markers of health. It was hypothesized that the intervention would elicit changes consistent with accepted health recommendations for obese individuals. A rolling program of 12-week "Small Changes" interventions during 24 months recruited 71 participants; each program accommodated 10 to 13 adults (body mass index [BMI] ? 30 kg/m≤). Fifty-eight participants completed Small Changes.

Paxman, Jenny R.
Hall, Anna C.
Harden, Charlotte J.
O'Keeffe, Jean
Simper, Trevor N.
Publication Title: 
CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association journal = journal de l'Association medicale canadienne

BACKGROUND: Increases in life expectancy make it important to remain healthy for as long as possible. Our objective was to examine the extent to which healthy behaviours in midlife, separately and in combination, predict successful aging. METHODS: We used a prospective cohort design involving 5100 men and women aged 42-63 years. Participants were free of cancer, coronary artery disease and stroke when their health behaviours were assessed in 1991-1994 as part of the Whitehall II study. We defined healthy behaviours as never smoking, moderate alcohol consumption, physical activity (?

Sabia, SÈverine
Singh-Manoux, Archana
Hagger-Johnson, Gareth
Cambois, Emmanuelle
Brunner, Eric J.
Kivimaki, Mika
Publication Title: 
Arquivos De Neuro-Psiquiatria

Aging is an inevitable process that is associated to loss of functional capacities in several body systems, like the cardiovascular, the skeletal muscle mass, the osteoarticular and the neuro-immune-endocrine systems. Changes appear due to interactions between genetic factors and way of life, such as diet and sedentary life style. This review shows evidence from the past twenty years concerning the importance of physical exercise to reduce the deleterious effects of aging, regarding the improvement in functional performance, the prevention of diseases and increased longevity.

Deslandes, Andrea
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Psychology

Position in the social hierarchy is a major determinant of health outcomes. We examined the associations between aspects of social hierarchy and depressive symptoms with a specific focus on one potential psychological mechanism: emotion suppression. Suppressing negative emotion has mental health costs, but individuals with low social power and low social status may use these strategies to avoid conflict. Study 1 assessed perceived social power, tendency to suppress negative emotion, and depressive symptoms in a community sample of women.

Langner, Carrie A.
Epel, Elissa S.
Matthews, Karen A.
Moskowitz, Judith T.
Adler, Nancy E.
Publication Title: 
International Review of Psychiatry (Abingdon, England)

The Salutogenesis theory and its essential component, the sense of coherence (SOC) is an epigenetic concept. The SOC was defined as a 'way of being in the world'. As such it is most important that one's SOC will be intact for healthy mental status. Collisions between western and non-western cultures might interfere in the process of psychiatric and psychotherapeutic treatment. This review demonstrates the importance of a culture-sensitive approach and therapy and the usefulness of specific culture-sensitive services for certain non-western populations.

Benyamin, Maoz
Hadar, Shalev
Asher, Shiber
Publication Title: 
Current Opinion in Psychiatry

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The quality of parenting that children receive can have a profound influence on their development and mental health. This article reviews articles published from late 2010 onwards that address the effects of parenting on the child's physiological and genetic systems, and how interventions can improve children's security of attachments, antisocial behaviour and other outcomes across a range of settings.

Scott, Stephen


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